INTRODUCTION: IOM works with national and regional authorities, as well as local partners to better understand migration movements across West and Central Africa. This report presents data collected in June 2019 at key transit points in Faya, Kalait, Rig-Rig and Sarh in Northern, Western and Southern Chad. These Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were set up to monitor the movements of travellers in transit through the country. The Zouarké FMP has been inactive since October 2018 for security reasons.
UNHCR continues to call for an end to detention in Libya. UNHCR estimates that 5,100 refugees and migrants are held in Libyan detention centres, of whom 3,600 are of concern to UNHCR. Currently, 3,200 refugees and migrants remain in detention centres located in conflict areas.
Return and Reintegration: IOM Releases 2018 Highlights
Geneva – Today (19 July), the International Organization for Migration is releasing the 2018 Return and Reintegration Key Highlights, which provides trends and figures – as well as key initiatives – on the number of migrants assisted to return, voluntarily, to their countries of origin, as well as efforts IOM has made to assist and reintegrate these returnees into their communities during the past year.
- The recent intensification of measures targeting refugees that includes raids, demolitions, evictions, arrests, deportations, shop closures, or confiscation of documents and assets is increasing refugee vulnerabilities and risk leading to the adoption of negative coping mechanisms (child labour, child marriage, exploitative work conditions).
Within the period of 8 - 14 July, a total of 2,974 movements were recorded, including 2,142 arrivals and 832 departures. Arrivals were recorded at locations in Askira/Uba, Bama, Biu, Chibok, Dikwa, Gwoza, Hawul, Kaga, Mafa, Mobbar, Monguno and Ngala Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Borno state and locations in Demsa, Fufore, Girei, Gombi, Guyuk, Hong, Madagali, Maiha, Michika, Mubi North, Mubi South, Numan, Song, Yola North and Yola South LGAs of Adamawa state.
Hargeisa, Somaliland – Migrant returnees in Somaliland now stand a better chance of accessing critical services, thanks to the creation of a database application for the registration of returning migrants and the issuance of registration certificates.
In the Horn of Africa, Somalis account for the largest migrant population after Ethiopians. They move both intra-regionally and out of the region, particularly towards the Arabian Peninsula and Europe. Many also opt to return, often approaching IOM when they get stranded in places like war-torn Libya.
Survey highlights risks faced by vulnerable Venezuelans on the move
This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Liz Throssell – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.
With over 900,000 registered refugees and asylum seekers residing in the country, Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. Among the refugee population in Ethiopia, South Sudanese are the largest in number with over 422,000 individuals (46% of the total), followed by Somalis (28%) and Eritreans (19%).
Between January and August 2018, Ethiopia received over 36,000 refugees, mainly from South Sudan (17k+), Eritrea (12k+), Sudan (3k+), and Somalia (~1k).
*2,280 registered refugees (PoR cardholders) returned to Afghanistan 1 March – 30 June 2019.
9,093 Afghan refugee births registered 1 January – 30 June 2019.
16,322 have received legal assistance since 1 January 2019.
153 schools supported by UNHCR for 56,000 refugee students.
5,867 patients treated in 45 health facilities supported by UNHCR.
4,199 persons (Afghan refugees and Pakistani nationals) received livelihood assistance.
173 national staff.
Key Issues of Interest
Nine Advice and Legal Aid Centres (ALAC) are operational in the main refugeehosting areas of Pakistan’s four provinces and provide free legal support to persons of concern (PoCs). Eight of these centers are run by UNHCR’s partner, SHARP, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Sindh, Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), while one is run by SEHER in Balochistan, another UNHCR partner.
Against the backdrop of on-going preparedness work in Uganda as related to the outbreak of Ebola in DRC, this brief summarises key considerations concerning cross-border dynamics and health structures and behaviours in the West Nile sub-region of north-west Uganda. It builds upon the SSHAP brief ‘Uganda-DRC: cross-border dynamics’ (published December 2018).
Geneva – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reports that 34,226 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through 17 July, roughly a 34 per cent decrease from the 51,782 arriving during the same period last year.
The Proof of Registration (PoR) card is an important protection tool that is issued by Government of Pakistan and provides temporary legal stay and freedom of movement for the 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees in Pakistan. All the PoR cards that expired at the end of 2015 have been extended through official notification until 30 June 2020*.
Total Number of Afghans facilitated for voluntary repatriation process in 2019:
A total of 2,280 individuals facilitated for Voluntary Repatriation process between 1 March to 30 June 2019 from Pakistan with 2,219 entitled for cash assistance. The remaining 61 have received UNHCR’s cash assistance in the past.
Overview of Voluntary Repatriation from Pakistan to Afghanistan
UNHCR facilitates the Voluntary Repatriation of Afghan refugees as part of its mandate to provide durable solutions.
REGISTERED AFGHAN REFUGEES IN PAKISTAN
Population in Refugee Villages
445,767 (Individuals) - 32%
Population Outside Refugee Villages
961,266 (Individuals) - 68%