UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, responds to emergencies in some of the world’s poorest countries, delivering lifesaving sexual and reproductive health supplies and services to protect the rights, safety and dignity of women and young people affected by crises. In 2017, UNFPA reached 16 million people in 58 countries with humanitarian assistance, including 10.8 million people reached with sexual and reproductive health services and 3.9 million people reached with gender-based violence (GBV) services. In the last decade, UNFPA’s humanitarian activities have grown exponentially.
Le nombre de personnes déplacées augmente de 358%
SG/SM/19338 12 NOVEMBER 2018
Following are UN Secretary‑General António Guterres’ address to the Paris Peace Forum, in Paris today:
Ten years ago, in 2008, Lazare Ponticelli, the last known French veteran of the Great War, died at the age of 110. Every year on 11 November, Mr. Ponticelli, an Italian immigrant, honoured the promise he had made to his comrades who had died too young on the battlefield. He used to visit his local war memorial to remember them.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 50 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Lebanon remains the country which hosts the largest number of refugees relative to its national population. In a country of just four million people, one in five people is a Syrian refugee, one in four people if you take into account the long standing Palestinian refugee population. The perception of Syrian refugees by the Lebanese population is influenced to a large extent by the country’s history. Many Palestinians fled to Lebanon during the 1948 war and settled down in different parts of the country.
Number of Displaced Rise by 358 percent
Camp opened in May 2013
Permanent shelters built
Community- based Structures in place: Refugee Central Committee, Women Association, Youth Association, Association of Persons with disability
Of the population is under the age of 18 out of which 17% are female
Individually registered with ration cards
Infrastructure available: 01 primary, 1 early, NO secondary, 01 YEP and 01 vocational training centre
Camp opened in 2008
Transitional shelters built
Community- based Structures in place
Of the population is under the age of 18 of which 20% are female
Individually registered with ration cards
Infrastructure available: 2 primary, 1 early, 1 secondary, 1 YEP vocational centre
The Mai-Aini refugee camp was established in May 2008 to accommodate Eritrean refugees seeking international protection.
Nearly forty years of conflict have deeply affected Afghanistan. Despite efforts to stabilise the country the security situation continues to deteriorate. Whilst peace talks between the Government of Afghanistan and the main non-state armed group continue, the conflict between the different actors across the country has continued to intensify. Attacks on civilians and aid workers have increased, and 2018 is on track to be the deadliest year on record for civilians in Afghanistan.
GENEVA (12 November 2018) – UN human rights experts* have expressed serious concerns about the prevalence of racism in the Dutch welfare system, citing the case of a family of refugees of African descent living in the Netherlands whose children were forcibly removed from their parents’ care.
What’s new? Bangladesh’s government is preparing to return several thousand Rohingya refugees to Myanmar. Under pressure from China, the two countries have agreed to start implementing a repatriation agreement on 15 November 2018.
Why does it matter? The returns process is not voluntary and jeopardises refugees’ safety as conditions in Myanmar’s Rakhine state are not conducive to their return. The move renews the risk of violent unrest in Bangladesh where the refugees are housed as well in Myanmar’s Rakhine state.
According to UNHCR, 5,606,895 have now fled Syria to surrounding countries in the region. 1.4 million of them fled in 2014 alone with an average of more than 3.935 people per day. In 2015 more than 617,188 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 1,714 per day. In 2017 more than 623,374 Syrians fled the country, an average of more than 1,731 per day. Children now make up 45% of the refugee population, meaning there are an estimated 2,523,103 refugee children in the region.
COOPI’s worldwide operations increased once again in 2017. It means also that the number of humanitarian crises we have tried to respond to as effectively as ever has increased. We have decided not to limit ourselves to intervening when there is an emergency, only to then move on elsewhere; instead, we remain alongside the communities hit by those emergencies in the medium-to-long-term, so as to help them overcome their critical issues and launch a reconstruction process.
UNHCR has been supporting primary and junior secondary education for refugee children born in both Kutupalong and Nayapara settlements since the early 1990s. A Government directive limits education to informal learning for any new arrivals who crossed over into Bangladesh in and after 2017. Educational programs for newly arrived refugee children and youth are conducted in English, Burmese and Rohingya.
Significant investments in emergency water and sanitation were made in 2017/18 to address the immediate needs of over 725,000 refugees who fled violence in Myanmar in August 2017, as well as to prevent environmental and public health crises occurring in settlements.
UNHCR and other humanitarian agencies in Cox’s Bazar are working on sustainable solutions to mitigate the impacts of environmental degradation for refugees and the host communities and therefore to minimize protection risks. The immediate goals are to stop deforestation and restore wildlife habitat, as well as improve access to safe water and cleaner fuel in refugee settlements. The massive influx of refugees in August 2017 has put an enormous strain on the environment in Cox’s Bazar district that hosts the majority of the Rohingya refugee population.
According to UNHCR, the number of Venezuelans who have fled the country has just exceeded 3 million, of which 2.4 million to Latin America and Caribbean countries. Colombia (1 million ) and Peru (500 000) are the primarily affected. Figures correspond to official data and it is expected that the the numbers could be much higher.