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16 Dec 2018 description

In Numbers

  • 517 mt of food assistance distributed

  • US$ 135,658 cash-based transfers made

  • US$ 0 six months (December 2018 – May 2019) net funding requirements

  • 61,019 people assisted in November 2018

Operational Context

16 Dec 2018 description
report African Union

Addis Ababa, 13 December 2018: On 25 September 2018, the AU High Level Implementation Panel for Sudan and South Sudan (AUHIP) wrote to the Signatories of the Roadmap Agreement proposing that the Agreement be revised to focus on the forthcoming constitution making process and the 2020 national elections.

The Signatories of the Roadmap Agreement are: the Government of Sudan, the National Umma Party, the Justice and Equality Movement, the Sudan Liberation Movement – Minni Minawi, and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-North.

16 Dec 2018 description

KUNDUZ - An ongoing countrywide campaign is underscoring the importance of media freedom and access to information as essential tools that can help foster peace and uphold human rights in Afghanistan.

16 Dec 2018 description

The use of ceasefires by belligerent parties varies greatly across conflicts. In some cases, parties agree to a continuous stream of largely ceremonial ceasefire agreements that have little or no effect on the violence. In other conflicts, parties fight on for years without an agreement, but then develop a relatively stable and effective agreement that quickly reduces or terminates hostilities. This PRIO Paper will examine the use of ceasefires in two significant conflicts in the Philippines and analyze their effects on the level and extent of violence.

15 Dec 2018 description

15 December 2018, Hawassa - The Ethiopia-Kenya high-level cross-border peace dialogue organized by IGAD’s Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN) on 14 December 2018 in Hawassa Town, Ethiopia concluded with a joint action plan to address ongoing inter-communal violent conflict along the common border.

15 Dec 2018 description
report UN Security Council
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Today, Thursday, 6 December 2018, at the offices of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, signing ceremonies were held for a pre-Doha negotiation agreement between the Government of the Sudan and the Minni Minawi faction of the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Gibril Ibrahim faction of the Justice and Equality Movement. The ceremony took place under the generous sponsorship of the German Government in the presence of the German Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. Also in attendance were Mr. Jeremiah Mamabolo, African Union-United Nations Joint Special Representative for Darfur; Mr.

15 Dec 2018 description
report UN Security Council
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Information bulletin from the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence regarding the status of implementation of the memorandum on the creation of de-escalation areas (8 December 2018)

Observance of the ceasefire regime

Monitoring groups have continued to monitor observance of the ceasefire regime as part of implementing the memorandum on the creation of de -escalation areas in the Syrian Arab Republic, signed by the Russian Federation, the Republic of Turkey and the Islamic Republic of Iran on 4 May 2017.

15 Dec 2018 description

GENÈVE (14 décembre 2018) – La Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme a exprimé sa grande inquiétude face aux violences perpétrées lors des rallyes organisés cette semaine contre des partisans de l’opposition dans au moins trois provinces de la République démocratique du Congo en vue des élections présidentielles qui se tiendront le 23 décembre prochain.

14 Dec 2018 description

Over the past few months, battles between the Myanmar military and the Arakan Army (AA) have increased in Rakhine and Chin states. Initially during the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) administration, and now during the National League for Democracy (NLD) administration, ethnic armed organizations (EAOs) that once had limited numbers and military capabilities have gained in strength by allying with more powerful EAOs, posing a challenge to the peace process.

14 Dec 2018 description
report UN Women

INTRODUCTION

Peace processes often centrally focus on how to share or split power between the political and military groups at the heart of the conflict, in search of a compromise that will end violent conflict.

Arrangements for sharing or splitting power often contain complex mixes of some or all of the following power-sharing types:

• Political power-sharing: mechanisms for joint involvement of key protagonists of conflict in political institutions.

14 Dec 2018 description
report UN Women

INTRODUCTION

Peace processes often focus on how to share or split power between the political and military groups at the heart of the conflict, in order to accommodate the wider identity and political groups they represent. Arrangements for sharing or splitting power can focus on political institutions, economic arrangements, military arrangements, or territory (or different combinations of these).

14 Dec 2018 description
report UN Women

INTRODUCTION

Armed conflict, first and foremost, creates a challenge for personal safety and physical security. Other forms of security are also threatened, such as socio-economic security or legal security. Peace processes and the agreements they produce engage with a wide array of security issues, at all stages of the peace process. This brief will focus primarily on physical security – future references to security will mean physical security, although discussion will also touch on how physical security relates to other forms of security.

14 Dec 2018 description
report UN Security Council

SC/13621

Security Council
8424th Meeting (AM)

Officials Highlight Demilitarization of Ports, Prisoner Exchange, Airport Re-opening as Vital to Relieving Dire Humanitarian Situation

Reporting on the newly reached agreement to demilitarize ports in Yemen, United Nations officials urged the Security Council today to take swift action to ensure full implementation of the accord in order to relieve the dire humanitarian situation in the war-torn country.

14 Dec 2018 description
report UN Women

PART I: WHAT IS TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE?

Introduction

14 Dec 2018 description
report UN Women

PART I: OVERVIEW

Why are constitutions important for women?

Constitutions matter, and they matter in a specific way to women. As the fundamental legal text of the state, constitutions:

  • Encapsulate the basic values and rules of government;

  • Set up the key political and legal institutions; and

  • Establish the fundamental rights and responsibilities of individuals, including women.

14 Dec 2018 description

JUBA/ADDIS ABABA (14 December 2018) – South Sudan’s leaders must seize the unique opportunity the recent peace deal provides and work to stop the violence completely, ensure accountability, restore peace and assist the countless victims of this damaging conflict to rebuild their lives, says the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan at the conclusion of the first leg of their official visit to the region.

14 Dec 2018 description

Trois hauts responsables de l’ONU terminent leur mission de quatre jours en Libye et en Tunisie aujourd’hui Tunis, 14 Décembre 2018 – A l’issue d’une mission effectuée en Libye et en Tunisie, le Directeur du Bureau régional du Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement (PNUD) pour les pays arabes,