a. Context and first responses
The Ketsana Typhoon entered the southern part of the Lao PDR on September 29, 2009, causing extensive damages to people's propriety, social and physical infrastructure and to the area's productive capacity. The country's five southern provinces: Attapeu, Xekong, Salavan, Savannakhet and Champassak were affected to various degrees, with Champasak being less affected than the other provinces, especially Attapeu and Xekong. Laos is among the four countries that have been affected by Typhoon Ketsana.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Heavy rainfall in and around the Mekong watershed caused the most severe floods in living memory in Lao PDR between 12 and 18 August. The Northern and Central regions of Laos were particularly severely affected, according to the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO), with flash floods reported which caused eleven deaths. Across the entire country, the NDMO estimates that a total of 204,189 people were affected in 866 villages of 53 districts across eleven provinces.