Following security operations in Moyale, Ethiopia, some 10,000 people have been displaced to Moyale in Marsabit county, Kenya, since 10 March. The displaced population is currently staying in makeshift camps around Moyale. 80% of the displaced people are women and children, including 600 pregnant women and 1,500 children under five. Multisectoral assistance is urgently needed.
Renewed fighting and strengthened presence of armed groups in eastern prefectures of CAR, particularly in Basse-Kotto and Mbomou, have increased insecurity and limited humanitarian access since early 2018.
Fighting also continues in western CAR: repeated cycles of violence since October 2017 in Gamboula sub-prefecture have displaced some 21,700 people within the sub-prefecture, and affected populations in transhumance areas, including Nassole and Dilapoko.
The rainy season is expected to have a serious impact on life-saving services and ongoing humanitarian aid in Cox’s Bazar. The pre-monsoon and monsoon will cause access constraints to sites in both Ukhia and Teknaf, as mud roads become impassable, footpaths slippery and earthen stairs and slopes become dangerous and potentially collapse. Shelters and facilities will be damaged and flooded. The overall impact is likely to be an increase in needs for the 671,000 refugees and a more challenging response environment.
Protection concerns in Southwest and Northwest regions are increasing as the Anglophone crisis deteriorates further.
The security situation is especially worrying in Batibo sub-division. Schools have been targeted and children are among the most vulnerable people affected by the crisis. Cases of SGBV against girls have also been reported in the area. Several villages have been destroyed and deserted. Displacement continues, with the number of Cameroonian refugees registered in Nigeria reaching more than 20,000.
On 25 February an earthquake of magnitude 7.5 hit Papua New Guinea (PNG) affecting mainly Southern Highlands, Hela, Western Highlands, Western Province, and Enga provinces. The affected area is mountainous and remote, although impact has been reported in Mendi city, almost 100km away. An estimated 274,600 people are within 50km of the epicentre. Approximately 326,000 people are estimated to be very strongly impacted, according to the Modified Mercalli Scale. Initial reports are limited but there are indications of urgent needs, including for health, shelter and WASH assistance.
On 25 February an earthquake of magnitude 7.5 hit Papua New Guinea (PNG) affecting mainly Southern Highlands, Hela and Western Highlands provinces. The affected area is mountainous and remote, although impact has been reported in Mendi city, almost 100km away. An estimated 274,600 people are within 50km of the epicentre. Approximately 326,000 people are estimated to be very strongly impacted, according to the Modified Mercalli Scale. Initial reports are limited but there are indications of urgent needs, including for health, shelter and WASH assistance.
There are 3.3 million IDP returnees in Iraq compared with 2.4 million IDPs. Health, protection and shelter needs are the key humanitarian concerns facing these population groups.
On 12 February, Cyclone Gita passed over the Kingdom of Tonga, mainly affecting the islands of ‘Eua (pop. 4,950) and Tongatapu (pop. 74,679). Ha’apai (pop. 6,144) was also impacted to a lesser extent. The Category Four cyclone brought heavy rain, strong winds of 230 km/h and storm surge. As the cyclone hit at low tide, the storm surge did not have a major impact. The cyclone caused extensive damage to homes and public buildings, along with the water supply, agricultural fields, and transport and communication infrastructure. Initial assessments suggest some 50,000 people are affected.
The humanitarian situation for the Rohingya population in Rakhine state remains highly concerning. Civilians face restricted movement and people are regularly denied access to fields, coastal waters, rivers and markets. This leads to food shortages and risk of starvation. Livestock theft is also reported which further aggravates food insecurity.
Intercommunal clashes continue to drive displacement and protection concerns across the country. This week, some 10,000 people were reported displaced in Pweto, Haut-Katanga. At least 2,500 people were displaced in Djugu, Ituri.
Conflict has affected civilians in Mweka, Kasai. In addition, clashes between FARDC and armed groups are also driving humanitarian needs and displacement in Nord- and Sud-Kivu, and to neighbouring countries.
About 7,000 people arrived in Burundi between 24 and 29 January from DRC, and new arrivals have been reported daily since then.
Even though the displaced have been arriving mostly in southern provinces of Burundi, the north and east of the country are also likely to be affected.
Poor underlying conditions in affected areas of Burundi exacerbate acute shelter, food, WASH, health, and protection needs.
The aim of this brief is to investigate the situation and needs of host communities in Cox’s Bazar. This brief first evaluates host communities’ needs related to all sectors, and it also looks at potential sources of tension among host communities and the Rohingya population.
Security has deteriorated in Kabul, Nangarhar and Kandahar provinces. On 24 January an attack on the Save the Children office in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province, led to temporary suspension of the NGO’s activities. Since then, a further three armed attacks have taken place in urban areas. Over 100 civilians have been killed as a result of these incidents. 10,000 people have also been displaced over the past week in Kunduz, in the north, due to conflict.
The security and humanitarian situation in Kinshasa province continues to deteriorate. On 21 January anti-Kabila demonstrations in the capital resulted in 6 deaths, 65 injured, and some 250 people were arrested.
Cholera cases continue to rise in the province following heavy rainfall since early January: 346 cases and 11 deaths were reported in the two first weeks of 2018.
Conflict between the Government of Syria (GoS) and armed opposition groups has intensified since November 2017 in northern Hama governorate, southern Idleb governorate, and southern Aleppo governorate, causing a wave of displacement. Some 212,000 people have been displaced since 15 December, the majority into central and northern Idleb. The humanitarian situation in the affected governorates is deteriorating, with ongoing clashes, airstrikes, and shelling. The majority of IDPs live in makeshift settlements and report acute multi-sectoral needs.
On 3 January 2018, Pakistan granted Afghan refugees in Pakistan a residence extension until the end of January. This is the shortest extension ever given to Afghan refugees in Pakistan and raises concerns of imminent large-scale forced returns. Some 1.39 million Afghan refugees are registered in Pakistan, as well as an estimated one million unregistered Afghans. If returns are enforced, it is likely to have a major impact on shelter, protection, and food needs. However, previous deadlines have been threatened but not enforced, reducing the probability of the risk.
Purpose and motivation
This note seeks to sensitize analysts to the growing momentum of subjective methods and measures around, and eventually inside, the humanitarian field. It clarifies the nature of subjective measures and their place in humanitarian needs assessments. It weighs their strengths and challenges. It discusses, in considerable depth, a small number of instruments and methods that are ready, or have good potential, for humanitarian analysis.
Almost 900,000 people have been displaced since September in Oromia-Somali region due to conflict. There is limited humanitarian response. IDP children are particularly impacted by the crisis: over 84,000 children do not have access to education and up to 14,000 have been separated from their families. 120,000 under-5 children and 20,000 pregnant and lactating women are in need of nutrition assistance.
On 18 December 2017 violence escalated in Ituri and Nord Kivu provinces of north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), causing displacement and an increased refugee influx into Uganda. At least 7,185 refugees have crossed into west and southwest Uganda. Refugees are being relocated to Kyangwali settlement and the Malembo C site in Hoima district, and Kyaka II settlement in Kyegegwa district. Cross-sectoral response must be strengthened as humanitarian resources and capacities are strained due to the increase in arrivals.