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11 Dec 2017 description

As of 6 December, 110 clinically diagnosed cases of diphtheria, including six deaths have been reported, with most cases in the Balukhali makeshift settlement (BMS), located in the larger Kutupalong–Balukhali expansion site. Other cases have been detected in Jamtoli and Thangkhali settlements. Low vaccination coverage amongst the camp population increases their vulnerability to the disease, which is particularly deadly for children. Congestion in sites, unevenly distributed health facilities and poor WASH infrastructure facilitate the spread of the disease, particularly during winter.

30 Nov 2017 description

INTRODUCTION

The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.

Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.

28 Nov 2017 description

BANGLADESH

Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a repatriation agreement on 23 November, which includes the requirement to provide proof of residence in Myanmar. This will be difficult for many Rohingya considering their statelessness and the loss of documents when they fled.

In Cox's Bazar, the WASH, nutrition, and health situation for Rohingya is poor and a significant increase in the number of measles cases has been recorded, reaching 1,270 as of 18 November.

22 Nov 2017 description

Crisis overview

As of 21 November, an estimated 622,000 Rohingya refugees fled Myanmar to Bangladesh. The influx began on 25 August, after the Myanmar Army launched security operations in northern Rakhine state. In September, an average of approximately 14,500 people arrived daily. This dropped to an approximate average of 3,100 arrivals per day in October (ISCG 05/11/2017; 29/10/2017; 03/10/2017).

22 Nov 2017 description

Crisis Overview

As of 21 November, an estimated 622,000 Rohingya refugees fled Myanmar to Bangladesh. The influx began on 25 August, after the Myanmar Army launched security operations in northern Rakhine state. In September, an average of approximately 14,500 people arrived daily. This dropped to an approximate average of 3,100 arrivals per day in October (ISCG 05/11/2017; 29/10/2017; 03/10/2017).

21 Nov 2017 description

CAR

The access situation throughout CAR has deteriorated between October and November. Violence, physical constraints, and restrictions on movement have affected the delivery of humanitarian assistance, especially in Ouham, Mbomou, Nana-Gebrizi, Haut-Mbomou, Membere-Kadei, Haute, and Basse-Kotto.

IDPs are the most affected by the limited humanitarian access, particularly in Bria where there are over 50,000 IDPs, in Zemio where they are over 20,000, and in Nouffou, as well as civilians and returnees living in Gamboula.

15 Nov 2017 description

On 6 November the Saudi Arabia-led military coalition announced a temporary closure of all Yemen’s airports, seaports and land crossings, effectively halting access to commercial and humanitarian goods to 27 million people. The blockage was announced after Houthis launched a missile from Yemen targeting Riyadh airport, Saudi-Arabia on 4 November. Yemen is heavily reliant on imports for around 80-90% of its food, fuel and medical needs.

14 Nov 2017 description

On the evening of 12 November, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake occurred in Kermanshah province with widespread damage reported across the province. Sar pol-e Zahab and Qasr-e Shirin are reported hardest hit. Early estimates indicate that over 400 lives have been lost and over 6,600 people were injured. Reports indicate that an estimated 70,000 people are in need of emergency shelter.

Anticipated scope and scale

14 Nov 2017 description

Pakistan

Humanitarian organisations in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are facing increasing access difficulties.

Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has been told by the Pakistani authorities to close its medical activities in Bajaur Agency. The organisation was told to close another project in Kurram Agency, also in FATA, in September. MSF provided healthcare for more than 40,000 patients in the first nine months of 2017.

Read more about Pakistan

02 Nov 2017 description

Crisis overview

Tropical Storm Maria formed in the central Atlantic Ocean and is the tenth most intense on record. At its peak, the hurricane caused catastrophic damage and numerous fatalities across the north-eastern Caribbean, and is considered to be the worst natural disaster on record in Dominica. It also caused catastrophic damage in Puerto Rico.

31 Oct 2017 description

Bangladesh

607,000 newly arrived Rohingya in Cox's Bazar are in need of WASH assistance, which is impeded by physical access at new sites, overburdened existing facilities and the extremely limited safe water and sanitation facilities at reception areas close to the border.

There is a gap in response targeting for some 636,000 people. Protection is another major concern with 597,000 people requiring assistance including psycho-social support, child protection, and family tracing and reunification.

19 Oct 2017 description

The Commonwealth of Dominica is a sovereign island country, part of the Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea. The island lies - southeast of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique. Its area is 750km2, and the highest point is Morne Diablotins. The island’s vegetation is dense, a consequence of its elevation and very high rainfall, which varies from about 1800mm per year on the western coast to over 7,500mm in the mountainous interior. Dominica is a lower middle-income country and the poorest of the southeastern Caribbean islands.

13 Oct 2017 description

Over 3,360 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) fled into Zambia between 30 August and 3 October 2017. The refugees have been fleeing inter-ethnic conflicts as well as clashes between government forces and armed militias in HautKatanga province. Several of them have reported extreme brutality committed by all parties against civilians.

10 Oct 2017 description

Madagascar

The plague outbreak continues to evolve, with 387 suspected cases including 45 deaths (CFR: 11.6%) between 1 August and 8 October.

In contrast to past outbreaks, the 2017 outbreak has affected densely populated areas including the capital Antananarivo and Toamasina, and 277 cases have been identified as highly transmissible pneumonic plague. WHO estimates the overall risk of further spread to be very high.

The country’s weak health system requires support, especially isolation and treatment capacity, in order to respond effectively.

04 Oct 2017 description

Estimates of persons-in-need are a key result expected of humanitarian needs assessments. However, they are challenging. Some are not informative, because of the methods chosen, missing and unreliable data or the way the humanitarian partners collaborate. In the absence of satisfactory PiN figures, substitutes are needed to inform prioritization and response planning. Other types of information may still be available in adequate scope, coverage and reliability.