Note: Map production date estimated.
Growing Humanitarian Emergency (HE) for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): The depth and severity of the IDP Humanitarian Emergency is increasing. The total number of 'new' IDPs increased by more than 100,000 people in May alone, which places the total number of new IDPs in Somalia at more than 1.3 million people. Evidence suggests that this number may continue to increase in the coming months, as populations flee to safety both within and outside Somalia. Fighting between the government and opposition forces has intensified since early May.
The food security situation following the onset of the Gu rains is mixed, deteriorating in the drought-affected and rain deficit areas in the central regions (Mudug, Galgadud and Hiran) and in the north (part of Nugal Valley and Sool Plateau.
New Name for Nutrition Surveillance Project for Somaila
As of March 1st 2009, the Food Security Analysis Unit and the Nutrition Surveillance Project for Somalia have been renamed as the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). This new name reflects a new integration of both nutrition and food security units into one overall project and represents the start of a 4 year project phase. All future publications therefore will refer to the FSNAU.
The food security situation in all livelihoods of Somalia remain as classified during the post Deyr '08/09 assessment (Jan.-June '09), however, the prolonged and harsh Jilaal dry season has led to a deterioration in some areas (page 7-8).
- There are indications of some people returning to Mogadishu, however, the overall number of IDPs has increase since Dec.
Nutrition Situation in Somalia
In November 2008, FSAU, in collaboration with partners, conducted six nutrition surveys in Somalia using the standard survey methodology1. The population groups assessed were: IDPs in Bosasso and Shabelle regions, pastoralists in the Hawd and Addun livelihood zones and the agro-pastoralists and riverine livelihood zones in the Shabelle regions (See Map 1). One further assessment was conducted in the Bosasso urban population using the LQAS methodology.
Although the seasonal rains between late Sept to early November were largely normal in the drought affected pastoral regions of Central Somalia, the Humanitarian Crisis is continuing as confirmed by recent FSAU and partner nutrition surveys results (November 13-21, '08), which indicate continuing high rates of global acute malnutrition (GAM) of 18.8% and 21%. Even more alarming are the levels of severe malnutrition (SAM) at 3.8% and 5.8%, which is elevated from 2.3% and 2.8% in the May 2008 nutrition surveys.
Overall, Deyr rains are considered to be normal, resulting in regeneration of pasture, normal crop establishment and improved water availability. The outlook for the Deyr season is expected to be normal in most of the central and south. Pasture, and water availability has improved and migration patterns are resuming to normal in most areas. Cereal crop establishment and development is good in main producing areas of the south.
In October 2008 FSAU, in collaboration with partners, commenced the second cycle of seasonal nutrition surveys for the Deyr '08/09 season.
Note: Document is 7 pages
Nutrition Situation: Findings from recent nutrition assessments in South Central Somalia indicate sustained unacceptably high rates of acute malnutrition*, above the emergency thresholds, with further deterioration in parts of the region.
In May 2008, FSAU and partner agencies conducted a total of eleven nutrition assessments in Shabelle, Gedo, Bakool, Central and Nugal regions.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is deteriorating at an accelerated pace due to the combination of sky rocketing food prices, a significantly devalued Somali Shilling, a deepening drought following an abnormally harsh dry season and a delayed and poor start to the seasonal rains (mid-April to June), and increasing civil insecurity. As result the number of people in need of assistance has increased to 2.6 million people (35% of the total population), which is an increase of more than 40% since January '08 (up from 1.83 million).
This increase is mainly due to the …
El Berde District, Bakool Region Preliminary Findings:
FSAU, IMC and SRCS conducted a 2 stage cluster sampling nutrition assessment in El Berde District, Bakool Region, in April 2008. The results indicated a Very Critical nutrition situation with global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels of 24.1% (18.5-29.7) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) levels of 2.8% (1.2-4.4). These results are very alarming and warrant immediate intervention.
SPECIAL FOCUS ON DEYR '07/08
Overall Nutrition Situation Overview
An integrated analysis of the nutrition information (1) collected from July to December 2007 indicates a varying nutrition situation throughout the country (See Nutrition Maps 1, 2 and 3). Civil insecurity in Mogadishu, the impacts of on-going displacement of people into neighbouring regions and a deepening drought in Central regions are key driving factors in the current analysis in parts of South Central Somalia.
FSAU and partners conducted five nutrition surveys(1) in South Central Somalia in the last two weeks of November 2007. Results indicate sustained Critical levels of acute malnutrition in most areas, without any significant change from previous surveys conducted in the same areas. Quality checks using Nutrisurvey indicated the findings of all surveys were of an appropriate standard to publish.
Since June 2000, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) has supported the Nutrition Surveillance component of the FSAU to provide comprehensive understanding of the impact of the food security situation on nutritional status of the population of the country. FSAU has been conducting nutrition assessments in Somalia for the last seven years. During this time consistently high levels of acute malnutrition and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) have been reported in many parts of South and Central Somalia.