Zeinab Cherri 1,*ID , Julita Gil Cuesta 1 ID , Jose M.
Since 1990, considerable progress has been made towards improving child health in the world. Nonetheless, worldwide 50 million children younger than five years had acute malnutrition in 20141 and nearly 6 million children died in 2015. The burden is particularly heavy in Africa, where conflict, political fragility and drought are more prevalent. These events affect food security and nutrition by limiting food accessibility, impacting health services and disturbing the care structure within the society.
Svitlana Nidzvetska , Jose M. Rodriguez-Llanes , Isabelle Aujoulat, Julita Gil Cuesta ,Hannah Tappis, Joris A. F. van Loenhout and Debarati Guha-Sapir
To determine whether pre-emptive oral cholera vaccination reduces disease severity and mortality in people who develop cholera during an outbreak.
Chiara Altare, Tefera Darge Delbiso and Debarati Guha-Sapir
Jose Manuel Rodriguez‐Llanes, Shishir Ranjan‐Dash, Alok Mukhopadhyay and Debarati Guha‐Sapir
In 2012, we estimate that more than 172 million people were affected by conflict worldwide. Of this total, 149 million or 87% were conflict-affected residents (CARs). Internally displaced persons (IDPs) accounted for another 18 million and refugees for five million. The global total is higher because our figures only include 24 countries for which comparable and validated data are available.
Following a decade of decreasing child mortality, recent surveys report worsening of the situation, particularly in border states
Immunisation coverage (MCV) has improved but is still below the recommended level in most states and should remain a priority for aid programming
Certain South Sudanese states perform better than others in the provision of health services
Synopsis of the Darfur Epidemic Sep – Nov 2012.
The current outbreak of YF in Darfur started at the beginning of September 2012. As of the latest WHO situation report from November 30th 2012:
32 out of 64 localities in Darfur are affected
Total number of suspected cases is 677 including 164 deaths (CFR of 24.2%)
The majority of cases are located in Central Darfur (58%) (17.2%, 14.6% and 9.3% are located in West, North and South Darfur respectively).
While security conditions have improved in most of DRC, the eastern region of North Kivu continues to experience violence and displacement. Besides affecting the population, the crisis also reduces humanitarian access and data availability. Values in the above table must be interpreted with caution, bearing in mind that while CE-DAT coverage and data timeliness from Bandundu are satisfactory (see map), data from North Kivu are scarce and mainly dating back to 2010.
Mondastri K. Sudaryo, Besral1, Ajeng Tias Endarti, Ronnie Rivany, Revati Phalkey, Michael Marx and Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background: On 30 September 2009, a 7.6 magnitude earthquake severely hit the coast of Padang city in West Sumatra, Indonesia leaving about 1,117 people dead and injuring another 3,515. Health consequences such as physical injury, co-morbidity, disability and quality of life over time are seldom reported among survivors after earthquakes.
The nutritional situation is serious in the western part of the country (Amhara and Benishangul Gumuz administrative regions), yet without reporting alarming values. In the other areas, GAM is below 10%. Community-based management of acute malnutrition and outreach activities implemented following the 2002/2003 drought are paying off. Severe malnutrition and mortality rates are low as well. Measles vaccination remains inadequate in four out of five regions, with alarming minimum values reported in Oromia (35.8%) and SNNPR (47%).
The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) is a Brussels based academic research institution which has been undertaking epidemiological research into international disaster and conflict health for over 30 years. This analysis forms part of a loose series of country analyses produced by CRED staff. Former country analyses have been conducted on Ethiopia, Darfur, Somaliaand and Zimbabwe.
In June 2003, representatives of government and multilateral donors, UN institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and other organizations involved in humanitarian action gathered at an international meeting in Stockholm, Sweden. The meeting’s objectives were to review the humanitarian community’s past achievements and to define a new paradigm for Good Humanitarian Donorship.
Refugees in Kenya
There are four refugee camps in Kenya, with three located near the city of Dadaab in Garissa District (North Eastern province) and hosting mostly Somali refugees. The remain-ing camp is located in Kakuma, Turkana district (Rift Val-ley), and hosts mainly Somali and Sudanese refugees. As the number of Somali refugees steadily increased over the last 3 years, transfers from Dadaab to Kakuma camp have been implemented in order to alleviate chronic overcrowding.
Malnutrition in Niger
In May-June 2010, the government of Niger conducted a nationwide survey to investigate levels of malnutrition among children in collaboration with UN agencies and several NGOs. This was the sixth assessment in a series started in October 2005 following the food crisis, with the aim of reinforcing evidence based humanitarian decision-making.
The results of the survey show high levels of malnutrition throughout the country. At the national level, global acute malnutrition (GAM) was 16.7%, well above the 10% emergency threshold commonly used by humanitarians.
2009 Health Indicators in Complex Emergencies
Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur Conflict
In October 2004, the World Health Organization issued a press release stating that the Darfur conflict had cost the lives of 70,000 Darfuris so far. This estimation was soon criticized and by May 2005, 8 months after the press release, 5 other mortality estimates had been published, ranging from 63,000 to 400,000 deaths. Over the next years, many other estimations would follow.
1) Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal
Public Health Profile: Generally, health and nutrition indicators suggest that the health and nutrition status of Bhutanese refugees is satisfactory. The indicators show a situation that is better than that of the average Nepali citizen and that the services available in the refugee camps exceed the national standards.
Mortality Rates are significantly below emergency thresholds, even better than what one would expect in a stable setting.
Wasting (acute malnutrition) values are below emergency thresholds.
The civil and political conditions in Iraq
have steadily degenerated since the military invasion of March 19th, 2003.
Civilians are increasingly bearing the brunt of relentless violence. Extremely
poor security conditions are disrupting the lives and livelihoods of millions
and the end is not in sight.