(Kathmandu/Bangkok, 25 May 2015) The large-scale relief operation launched in the wake of the devastating 7.8-mangnitude earthquake, which struck Nepal on 25 April, continues to intensify. National and local authorities are leading the effort, supported by the United Nations, humanitarian partners, the international community, private sector and volunteers.
On 21 May, the Humanitarian Coordinator briefed Member States in Geneva on the humanitarian situation and ongoing relief efforts.
An antenna humanitarian hub was established in Charikot (Dolakha District) to support local authorities.
Foreign military forces announced plans to transition from relief operations towards technical assistance to support rehabilitation.
An estimated 870,000 children will be unable to resume school on 31 May due to destroyed classrooms.
Ministry of Information and Communications announced cabinet’s endorsement of a short-term relief package which includes a 15,000 Nepalese rupees grant (approximately US$150) for people to build temporary shelter before monsoon season.
Local authorities request a flexible approach to shelter assistance, taking into consideration differences in traditional housing. Minimum shelter standards were developed to guide responders.
The Government is requesting uniformity in the delivery of shelter material among supporting agencies.
Dolakha is among the districts most affected by the 12 May quake. Immediate priorities are for shelter and food.
WASH support is required in the Tudikel site in Chautara.
Landslides and rains are expected to aggravate the condition of roads, adding to the logistical challenges.
On 12 May, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal at 12:50 p.m. local time (UTC+5:45) near Chilankha Village Development Committee in Dolakha District.
A total of 32 districts were affected, including those still recovering from the 25 April 7.8 magnitude earthquake.
The Multinational Military Coordination Center reported that 1,405 people were rescued by air, of which 1,307 people were rescued by the Nepal Army. Another 1,050 people were evacuated by road.
On 10 May, heavy rain and hail caused significant flooding in and around Chautara, affecting people who lost their homes living in tents.
Stockpiling and pre-positioning of relief items in remote areas is critical. Continued rains are likely to further hamper access by road to the most-remote Village Development Committees.
Families who need to demolish their homes should report the estimated costs to the concerned subnational authorities in order to be considered for Government support.
On 7 May, the Reception and Departure Centre at the Kathmandu Airport ceased operations, as most international search and rescue teams have now departed.
The Nepalese military mobilized some 10,000 troops to be deployed in all Village District Committees (VDCs) across 16 districts to support logistics and overall relief efforts.
The Government and humanitarian partners have now reached all affected districts and are refining information on needs of affected people, particularly in remote and hard-to-reach areas.
New Government figures show that the number of houses destroyed in the earthquake-affected districts is at least twice as high as previously reported.
The Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) mobilized 274 national medical teams (NMT).
On 3 May, 53 international search and rescue teams began to demobilize and develop exit plans.
Humanitarian hubs in Gorkha District Headquarters and Chautara in Sindhupalchowk are operational to coordinate district level response.
A network of five additional logistics hubs are being established in Gorkha, Kavre, Chitwan, Sindhupalchowk and Parsa districts.
Since 29 April, some 52,000 tarpaulins have been distributed in 29 districts and an additional 234,160 tarpaulins are en route to Nepal.
On 2 May, another 5.0 magnitude quake occurred near Pokhara at 05:35 UTC compounding fears of further devastation.
Up to 90 per cent of the houses in Gorkha and Sindupalchowk districts have been destroyed.
Shelter remains a key priority. The Shelter Cluster is advocating for prioritizing the distribution of quality grade tarpaulins and repair tools.
A scale-up of operations is required to ensure immediate and principled assistance reaches people in desperate need within the next six weeks, in advance of the monsoon season. Shelter remains the most critical need in the affected areas.
A humanitarian hub was established in Gorkha to support response at the district level.
According to the Government, the death toll from the earthquake increased to 6,250 people with 14,357 injured people. 15 lives have been saved, including three in the past 24 hours.
The Government reports that 130,033 houses were destroyed and 85,856 houses partially damaged. Over 30,000 houses are destroyed in Nuwakot District alone.
While search and rescue efforts are winding down, dead body management, identification of missing people and family reunification have become key challenges.
As of 29 April, 11:00 am, the Ministry of Home Affairs reported 5,006 deaths and 10,194 injured people.
It is estimated that 2.8 million Nepalese are displaced, as over 70,000 are believed to be destroyed and another 530,000 homes damaged across the 39 affected districts.
A Flash Appeal was launched for US$415 million to support the provision of vital humanitarian relief for people affected by the Earthquake.
The Government of Nepal identified shelter, WASH, health and food as key priorities.
NEPAL: AN OVERVIEW OF THE DISASTER
A 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on 25 April at 11:56 local time creating large scale damage and many casualties. The epicenter was located 81 km northwest of the Nepali capital Kathmandu in Lamjung District at a depth of 15 km. The earthquake has caused a number of landslides and avalanches.
As of 28 April, the Government reports 4,358 deaths and 8,174 injured people. Search and rescue teams have saved 14 people from the rubbles.
In addition to continued efforts in the Kathmandu Valley, the response continues to broaden to include more remote areas, including the most affected districts of Dhading and Gorkha.
Up to 90 per cent of the health facilities in Ramechapp, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchowk and Gorkha have been severely damaged.
As of 27 April, the Government reports 3,351 deaths and 6,833 injured people.
8 million people in 39 districts have been affected, of which over 2 million people live in the 11 severely affected districts.
Priority needs include food, water, shelter and medication. Over 1.4 million people are in need of food assistance.
A Humanitarian Staging Area (HSA) in Kathmandu International Airport has been set-up to mitigate congestion at Kathmandu Airport.
3,351 Dead (as of 27 April 2015)
The Government reports over 2,200 deaths and over 5,800 injured people (Source: NEOC - http://neoc.gov.np/en/). This is expected to increase.
Most affected districts are Dhading, Gorkha, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchowk, Kavre, Nuwakot, Dolakha, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, and Ramechhap.
The Government of Nepal has officially requested international assistance.
Most affected areas are Gorkha, Lamjung and Sindhupalchok as well as Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur Districts.
Latest government figures on total causalities is 1,900 with more than 5,000 injured. This is expected to increase.
The Government of Nepal has officially requested international assistance.
In support of national efforts, international search and rescue teams have begun to arrive into Kathmandu. ￼
Brief description of major developments: