REACT Tajikistan with support from the Disaster Risk Management Program, UNDP Tajikistan
This Murgab Earthquake Recovery Framework provides a guide for recovery from the 2015 Murgab earthquake affecting eastern Tajikistan. The Framework incorporates global good practices and is for use by the humanitarian community together with the Government of Tajikistan.
One person, injured as a result of floods/mudflow in Rudaki District, died in local hospital, bringing the total number of killed by the 9-13 May disasters to six in all affected districts.
The Government, with support of REACT partners, has addressed most critical needs of the affected population in two severely affected districts.
Heavy rains have caused additional mudflows on 20 May in Nurobod District, affecting more than 55 households.
Government assessment results for Rudaki District indicate the disaster destroyed or damaged at least 119 houses. As of 23 May, total number of houses destroyed of damaged for Panjekent and Rudaki districts stands at 140.
Total number of people affected, as well as houses destroyed/damaged has been reduced as Government finalized damage and needs assessment processes.
At least four people have been killed as a result of floods or mudflow in Panjekent and Aini districts.
An estimated 17,800 people have been directly affected by floods or mudflows in several districts.
The floods/mudflow have damaged more than 2,000 households, around 800 ha of arable land, livestock and other social infrastructure.
Assessment led by the State Commission for Emergencies is on-going in all disaster-affected areas.
According to initial results of the inter-agency needs assessment, immediate needs of many affected population have been primarily met.
As severe weather is forecasted to continue in Gorno-Badakhshan until early April, sustained relief assistance including winterization of temporary shelters are priority.
Government, non-governmental and international organizations, including UN have scaled up response.
The actual number of damaged and destroyed houses appears to be lower than initially estimated and currently stands at 799.
The Agency on State Material Reserves has been appointed by the Government to receive and distribute international assistance.
Many UN and non-UN agencies have pre-positioned food and non-food items in GBAO for immediate release.
The number of damaged and destroyed houses continues to rise and stands at more than 1,327 as of 11 December.
Life-saving assistance has been provided by national and international partners to some affected communities in Gorno-Badakhshan. It does not cover all the needs.
Government and humanitarian partners agreed on priority sectors for joint response.
At least two people have been trapped and killed under the rock-falls, while more than 14 injured.
As of 8 December, at least 237 houses have been fully and another 598 partially damaged.
At least 22 schools, including 4 medical points and 1 local hydro-power station among other social facilities are reported to have been destroyed and/or damaged in GBAO.
An ad-hoc meeting by Government held on 8 December to conduct an aerial observation of Sarez lake and Usoi dam stability in coming days.
At least two people have been trapped and killed under the rock-falls, while more than 10 injured.
As ongoing Government assessment results unfold, at least 500 houses are reported as partially damaged.
More than 14 villages located in Darvoz, Murghob, Rushon, Shugnon and Vanj districts are affected.
Three school buildings in Shugnon district have been damaged and are not safe for further use.
At least one person has been trapped and killed under rock-falls according to Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan branch in Gorno-Badakhshan.
Likelihood of structural outburst of lake Sarez is high as the epicenter of the quake was at least 20 km away from the lake.
Several unconfirmed reports inform of number of damages to households in the communities living near the epicenter.
Geographic complexities of the area coupled with rockfalls may impede accessing the affected communities.
As a result of snow melting due to high temperatures all the district of GBAO are affected by the mudflow;
6 people were killed and more than 100 households (78 fully and 22 partially) destroyed as a result of mudflow in GBAO;
An artificial lake created in Gund river increased to 20 cm as of July 27, 2015;
Affected population are relocated to the tent camp in Shugnan District;
SEVERITY OF THE CRISIS
In July 2015, mudflows caused by melting of glaciers and heavy rainfall killed at least seven persons, affected more than 7,000 persons, displaced more than 1,000 persons and significantly damaged key infrastructure. Most affected are the Region of Republican Subordination and GornoBadakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The capacity of many affected communities were already overstretched before the mudflows, which has severly limited their coping mechanisms. To date, several communities are still living in isolation.
At least 11 villages in six districts of Khatlon Province with a total of 109 households affected.
No human losses or injuries within the affected population recorded.
At least 23 houses in Kubodiyon district and one house in Khuroson district counted as unsafe to reside due to caused damages.
Non-food items, food support and shelter assistance are of highest priority for the most affected population.
Summary of the assessment results:
Coping mechanisms of affected population of Vose (Tugarak Jamoat), Kulyab (Ziraki and Zarbdor villages) and Khamadoni (Chubek Jamoat) districts were sufficient to undertake recovery activities by themselves. No clear recovery plans are developed. No recovery actions are underway by local or national authorities.
As reported in situation #1 dated April 17, 2014, on 16 April 2014, due to heavy rains and hailstorm, mudflow hit Mekhnatobod village of Kizil-qala Jamoat of Khuroson district, Khatlon Province. Based on the assessment conducted by CoES and Tajikistan Red Crescent Society, 170 households were reported as affected by the event, comprising 256 families or 1,890 people. Two children of 5 and 2 years old (boys) were killed by the mudflow. Additional damages were observed in local infrastructure and cultivated lands, whereas local livestock was also killed.
Additional heavy rains that have occurred from 24 to 25 April 2014 hampered the debris removal process of the affected communities. In addition, seven more households of Shuroobod district have been affected.
One more person has died on April 22, 2014, after staying injured for ten days following the event at the local hospital of Ziraki Jamoat of Kulyab district.