Since mid-October, a series of five consecutive floods has affected provinces in Central and South-Central Viet Nam and the Central Highlands, resulting in human loss, significant damage to housing and infrastructure, and severe crop and livestock damage and loss.
The six most affected provinces are Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh and Phu Yen - with 10 to 30 per cent of the total population per province estimated to have been affected by one or more floods.
Floods, caused by heavy rainfall between 13-16 Dec., have receded significantly, with only 2,240 houses in Binh Dinh province still flooded as of 19 Dec. 5pm. Reservoirs in the affected areas are at 95-100% of their full capacity, so controlled discharge is still on-going. The most affected provinces are Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai and Binh Dinh.
According to the Central Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (CCNDPC), the impact of the 13-16 Dec. floods is as follows: (reported as of 20 Dec.)
26 deaths, 1 missing and 16 injured
Since 13 Dec., heavy rainfall has caused severe flooding in Central and South-Central Vietnam and parts of the Central Highlands. The most affected provinces are Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai and Binh Dinh. While rainfall and floods are reducing on 17 Dec., more rainfall and flooding is forecasted for 18-20 Dec.
According to the Central Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (CCNDPC), the impact of the 13-16 Dec. floods is as follows: (reported as of 17 Dec.)
Since late 2015, El Niño-induced drought and salt water intrusion have severely affected Viet Nam, triggering acute water, sanitation, health and food emergency needs for more than 2 million people. On 26 April 2016, the Government and the UN jointly issued the Drought and Salt Water Intrusion Emergency Response Plan (ERP) 2016/17 to address these immediate needs. Since then, more than US$26.4million has been mobilized from Government and non-Government sources to carry out life-saving water, sanitation and hygiene, nutrition, health, food security and livelihood interventions.
18 provinces severely affected
2 million people affected, with significant loss of income due to damaged or lost livelihoods
First time in decades a negative agricultural growth
Since 2014, the longest and strongest ever El Niño drought and saltwater intrusion has severely affected one third of Viet Nam, in areas producing key agricultural outputs such as rice, coffee, pepper, fruit, sugarcane and seafood.
This report is produced by Office of the Resident Coordinator Viet Nam. It covers the period from 17 September 2016 till 25 October 2016. This is the final situation report for this drought and salt water intrusion emergency.
By October, more than 54.4% or US$ 26.4 million of the emergency requirement has been funded, primarily for WASH support.
With relief operations still on-going but gradually decreasing, recovery efforts are being intensified.
This report is produced by Office of the Resident Coordinator Viet Nam. It covers the period from 30 July to 16 September 2016. The next report will be issued as new information becomes available.
Recently, rains have also started in South-Central Viet Nam, but overall rainfall remains below annual averages in all three affected regions.
The most recent Government La Niña forecast is at 50-60% likelihood, starting from autumn, with low to moderate intensity.
This update is issued on behalf of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Viet Nam. It covers the period from 12 to 29 July 2016. The next update will be issued as new information becomes available.
Since January 2016, intense drought and saltwater intrusion has severely affected more than 2 million people in 18 provinces. Although drought conditions are over in the Mekong Delta and the Central Highlands, it is still on-going in South-Central Viet Nam, until September.
This update is issued on behalf of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Viet Nam. It covers the period from 16 June to the 11 July 2016. The next update will be issued as new information becomes available.
Since January 2016, acute drought and saltwater intrusion has severely affected more than 2 million people in 18 provinces.
MARD has officially declared drought conditions to be over in the Mekong Delta, Central Highlands and the South- East region, but still on-going in South-Central Viet Nam.
Since January 2016, acute drought and saltwater intrusion has severely affected more than 1.75 million people in 18 provinces.
Rains have started but are irregular and below average. While weather conditions are gradually improving, the drought and saltwater intrusion impact on people and their livelihoods is still lasting for the rest of the year and longer.
- 18 provinces severely affected at present
- 22 provinces currently drought-affected
- 52 provinces aided by Government since mid-2015
Total Emergency Requirement (3-5 months) $48.5 million
Current Gap (3-5 months) $41.4 million
At least one third of Vietnam’s 63 provinces continue to be affected by El Niño-induced drought, with 18 provinces in the South Central, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions severely affected.
Since January 2016, severe drought and saltwater intrusion is significantly affecting the livelihoods, food security and water supply of nearly 2.3 million people (MARD report, 30 March) across all provinces in South-Central, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions.
To date, 39 out of 63 provinces in Vietnam have been impacted by drought, of which 34 provinces have received some support from central Government.
14 provinces have declared a state of emergency.
WHO plans to release 500,000 aquatabs for purification of drinking water to Quang Ninh, following the request from Quang Ninh Department of Health. The distribution will start by early next week from 10 Aug 2015
Save the Children (SC) is planning to support the hard hit households with non-food items in Quang Ninh,and WASH experts from SC will assess water and sanitation needs and gaps in the province on 8-9 August.
Lessening rainfall since 4 Aug has helped local relief and recovery reach out the beneficiaries in coastal provinces.
Only 17 houses in Lang Son and 94 houses in Quang Ninh are still affected by some flood water and flood debris.
Quang Ninh People’s Committee has raised initially VND27billion (US$1.25million) since 30 July following a provincial fundraising campaign to support the affected communities.
Quang Ninh is reportedly the hardest hit of Northern provinces by Typhoon HaiYan.
Considering the limited impact of this typhoon, most of the international stakeholders will not implement any specific response activity, and they will keep focusing on the communities affected by previous typhoons Wutip and Nari.
National Center for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting reported a new tropical depression formed off the Philippines will move westward to the East Sea towards Viet Nam in the coming days.
HAIYAN has reduced intensity on the way to Vietnam after affecting the Philippines as a Catergory 5 typhoon and has become the 14th tropical storm to hit Vietnam in 2013.
Although the storm was initially expected to make landfall with high intensity, in turning northwards along the coast it weakened sufficiently offshore making landfall at 3am on 11 November as Category 1 Typhoon. As a result the impact and loss is expected to be lower than initially anticipated.
Within the first 2 weeks of October, the central provinces of Vietnam have been severely affected by two Typhoons NARI and WUTIP.
After making landfalls on 15 Oct with a Category 1, Typhoon NARI kept its strength and moved to Laos and Thailand.
Heavy rainfall after the typhoon has caused severe flooding in three provinces Nghe An, Ha Tinh and Quang Binh
The inter-agencies rapid assessments were conducted from 2 to 4 October in two most affected provinces of Quang Binh and Quang Tri. The teams reported their findings and recommendations on 7 October to the UN and other humanitarian stakeholders.
This Situation Report is issued on behalf of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Viet Nam. It covers the period from 2 to 4 October 2013. The next situation report will be issued when significant new information is available.
After making landfall as Category 1 Typhoon on 30 September on the central provinces of Viet Nam, WUTIP passed over Laos on October 1st and then moved to Thailand. Here, it weakened from a typhoon to a tropical depression, bringing heavy rain to the northern regions of the country.
On the night of 29th October, Typhoon Son-Tinh moved north-east and became tropical depresssion in Mong Cai district, Quang Ninh province.
A total of 11 people were killed or are missing as a result of the typhoon; a further 90 people were injured; 55,680 houses were damaged; more than 95,000ha of paddy rice and cash crops were damaged. An initial estimate of total damage is nearly US$2 billion.
Electricity and communication systems are being restored in Hai Phong, Thai Binh, Nam Dinh and Ninh Binh provinces.