Famine: Lessons Learned was produced as the world was responding to four potential famines simultaneously – in Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia.
Much has been written and researched on famine, and many lessons on how to best prevent and respond to famine have been learned the hard way. This paper therefore draws on lessons learned from the last 30-plus years of famine crises and response, going back to famines in Ethiopia and Sudan in the 1980s, up to the most recent famine in Somalia in 2011.
The broad-ranging benefits of cash transfers are now widely recognized. However, the evidence base highlights that they often fall short in achieving longer-term and second-order impacts related to nutrition, learning outcomes and morbidity.In recognition of these limitations, several ‘cash plus’ initiatives have been introduced, whereby cash transfers are combined with one or more types of complementary support.
Lucas, H and Zwarenstein, M
Report Publisher Future Health Systems
This is an open access resource targeted primarily at post-graduate students intending to undertake field research on health systems interventions in resource-poor environments.
IDS Practice Paper in Brief 16
As the Ebola crisis continues to unfold across West Africa and the international community belatedly responds, broader questions arise beyond the immediate challenges on the ground.
Last week, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine launched the Ebola Response Anthropology Platform (ERAP), in partnership with the Institute of Development Studies and the University of Exeter. The platform is an online resource to help health workers work more effectively with local communities.
Improving evidence and understanding of Ebola
Haddad, Lawrence; Nisbett, Nick; Barnett, Inka; Valli, Elsa
Abstract: This document attempts to determine the impact of forced displacement on early childhood nutritional development. I use two identification strategies in order to address the endogeneity caused by the potential correlation between forced displacement and the unobserved heterogeneity of the household. Using instrumental variables, the first strategy compares the outcomes of the displaced children with those of the children who stayed at the municipality of expulsion.
The Ebola outbreak in Guinea and its spread to other areas of West Africa has caused global alarm. As one of the world's most infectious and deadly diseases, with no cure, the level of fear surrounding Ebola is to an extent expected. However, much of the fear is rooted in misunderstandings. Dispelling these misunderstandings is perhaps the biggest challenge in tackling Ebola and is critical to furthering our knowledge about the disease and efforts to control it.
Visram, A., Jasper, P., Moore, L., Adegoke, F., Kveder, A., Arif, S., Ward, P.
Nutrition Research in Northern Nigeria (ORIE)
This report presents the findings from the baseline survey of the quantitative impact evaluation of the Working to Improve Nutrition in Northern Nigeria (WINNN) Programme interventions in Northern Nigeria.
IDS Evidence Report 80
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We analyse the combined effect of political violence and adverse climatic shocks on child nutrition. Instrumental variable models using longitudinal data from Andhra Pradesh, India, yield two key results: (i) drought has an adverse effect on child nutritio n in Andhra Pradesh only in violence - affected communities, and (ii) political violence has large negative effects on child nutrition through a reduction of the ability of households to cope with drought. FE - 2SLS results are complemented by the use of a unique natural experiment created by a ceasefire in 2004.
In this special podcast interview IDS Director and Bulletin editor, Lawrence Haddad, explains the economic and social effects of the nutrition crisis in Pakistan, what drives the crisis and why the country may be on the brink of change.
With the Pakistan elections imminent, Haddad offers his view on how a newly elected government could show its commitment to eradicating undernutrition.
New IDS rapid response briefing calls for more integrated approach to zoonoses
In the latest issue of the IDS rapid response briefing series, authors from the Dynamic Drivers of Disease in Africa Consortium explore the benefits of developing a more joined up approach to tackling zoonoses.
By Lauren Everitt and Samantha Nkirote McKenzie, 15 October 2012
Nairobi — A colorful pamphlet flies through the clinic's open doorway and hits the rooster headed towards it head-on. The disgruntled bird stops mid cockle-doodle-doo and struts away.
Abstract: The exposure to violence in utero and early in life has adverse impacts on children's age-adjusted height (z-scores). Using the experience of the Kashmir insurgency, I find that children more affected by the insurgency are 0.9 to 1.4 standard deviations smaller compared with children less affected by the insurgency. The effect is stronger for children who were born during peaks in violence. A robust finding in the health literature is that shorter children perform worse in schools, in jobs, and are sicker throughout their life.
In Africa and Asia, many people buy their own medicines and seek health care from providers who are informally trained. Patients may receive drugs that they don’t need or that don’t work - with antibiotics, in particular, being widely overprescribed.
Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between violent conflicts and risky sexual behavior in Uganda. We use geographical and temporal variation in conflict intensity and a difference-in-differences approach to evaluate how individual exposure to conflicts in the past 5 years influences the decision to engage in risky sex. We find that exposure to more conflicts leads to safer sex practice. We further investigate how the relationship between risky sexual behavior and violent conflict exposure varies depending on the malaria risk in the region where individuals live.
The Human Development Resource Centre (HDRC) provides timely expert and quality advice to DFID advisers in the field in the areas of health, nutrition and education.
The new HDRC website now shares this unique collection of resources which represent research in action, responding to development programming and policy needs as and when they occur so that the wider community working in these areas can benefit. HDRC is uniquely placed to support important policy decisions
Abstract: The Nigerian civil war of 1967-70 was precipitated by secession of the Igbodominated south-eastern region to create the state of Biafra. It was the first civil war in Africa, the predecessor of many. We investigate the legacies of this war four decades later.
Using variation across ethnicity and cohort, we identify significant long-run impacts on human health capital. Individuals exposed to the war at all ages between birth and adolescence exhibit reduced adult stature and these impacts are largest in adolescence.