by Martina Ulrichs, Jessica Hagen-Zanker and Rebecca Holmes
by Robert Trigwell
by Eric James and Laura James
by Monica Zikusook, Zinet Nezir Hassan, Alison Donnelly and Rachel Mose
by Dr. Fiona Shanahan and Reiseal Ni Cheilleachair
This edition of Humanitarian Exchange focuses on the humanitarian crisis created in West Africa by the Ebola outbreak, the largest and most complex since the virus was discovered in 1976. More than 11,000 people are believed to have died and over 26,300 cases have been reported. While Liberia was declared Ebola-free on 9 May 2015, Sierra Leone and Guinea are still struggling to contain the disease and assess the social and economic impact of the crisis.
Read the full issue
by Aanjalie Collure and Leonard Rubenstein
This edition of Humanitarian Exchange focuses on the crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR), where spiralling violence has left thousands dead and more than a million displaced.
In her lead article, Enrica Picco highlights the slow and inadequate response to the crisis, and questions whether the humanitarian system has the will and capacity to respond in such contexts.
The theme of the 61st edition of Humanitarian Exchange is the humanitarian situation in Yemen. Despite a political transition process, conflict between state and non-state armed actors has exacerbated the country's long-standing humanitarian challenges and restricted access to people in need.
The current Ebola (filovirus) outbreak in West Africa has focused attention once again on the detection of and response to the disease. By late March some 60 people had died in Guinea – the first recognised outbreak of the virus in the country – with suspected cases reported in neighbouring Sierra Leone and Liberia.
This review is concerned with the financing arrangements for programmes that address acute malnutrition at scale through the community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM). The CMAM approach is geared towards the early detection, treatment and counselling of moderately and severely acutely malnourished children, in the community, by community agents.
The special feature of this issue of Humanitarian Exchange focuses on the humanitarian crisis in the Sahel region of Africa, where aid agencies estimate that more than 18 million people are affected by food insecurity.
The special feature of this issue of Humanitarian Exchange focuses on humanitarian action in the Middle East.
Humanitarian space in Afghanistan and Pakistan is the theme of this edition of Humanitarian Exchange. A combination of violent conflict and natural disasters has led to widespread humanitarian needs in both countries. At the same time, humanitarian organisations face increasing challenges, undermining their ability to respond. The articles in this issue assess the nature of these challenges, and outline ways in which humanitarian organisations are attempting to overcome them.
- This Network Paper draws on field experience from more than a dozen Common Needs Assessments (CNAs) to identify the opportunities, costs and trade-offs involved in carrying them out.
- At their best, common inter-agency, inter-sectoral needs assessments help to develop a better joint understanding of needs, capabilities, and appropriate response.
The paper examines the origin of evidence-based decision-making in medical care, its extension into public health and ultimately its diffusion throughout humanitarian assistance.
- This Network Paper argues that a substantial new opportunity for people-centred disaster risk assessment in Ethiopia can be found in the information and analysis system recently established within the Ministry of Agriculture, through the Livelihoods Integration Unit.
- The national livelihoods database provides the capacity to understand the diverse vulnerabilities of populations and to mathematically link these to hazards - a core requirement for carrying out anticipatory disaster risk assessments.
This edition of Humanitarian Exchange focuses
on the global food price crisis of 2007 and 2008. The
sharp rise in food prices was mainly caused by a combination of reduced cereal stocks, increased demand and the rising price of oil, increasing the cost of fertiliser and stimulating the production of biofuels
This Good Practice Review explores programming practices in emergency food security. It is not intended to be a guide or a 'how-to' manual. It is fairly brief, offering an overview and suggestions for where to dig deeper: it is not intended as a reference encyclopaedia. The objective of this review is to provide a concise overview of conceptual issues and analytical and planning approaches, together with state-of-the-art programming practices in interventions designed to protect the food security of disaster- or crisisaffected groups.
Emergency Supplementary Feeding Programmes have been widely implemented for a number of decades as part of the standard toolkit of emergency response. Programmes are normally implemented in conjunction with general food distributions in order to address moderate malnutrition in emergencies.
While individual implementing agencies routinely monitor and evaluate programme performance, findings are rarely published in peer-reviewed literature. There have been no large-scale studies of the effectiveness of these programmes in emergencies, despite frequent claims of poor performance.