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23 Jun 2018 description

Ashley Jackson

Based on first-hand interviews with more than 160 Taliban fighters and officials, as well as civilians, this paper examines how the Taliban govern the lives of Afghans living under their rule. Taliban governance is more coherent than ever before; high-level commissions govern sectors such as finance, health, education, justice and taxation, with clear chains of command and policies from the leadership based in Pakistan down to villages in Afghanistan.

15 Dec 2017 description

Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) is critical to ensuring sustainable and resilient lives for all, and therefore to meeting the goals set out under the Sustainable Development Agenda. But health and wellbeing are also subject to other risk drivers, such as climate change and disasters, which disrupt the health and financial benefits that UHC can offer.

This report explores:

20 Jul 2017 description

Much attention has been paid to aid allocation across countries, including whether aid should target poor people or poor countries. There has been less focus on where aid is spent when it reaches recipient countries, at sub-national levels. This is becoming an increasingly important issue in the context of the ‘leave no-one behind’ agenda. This short note presents new analysis on the relationship between aid allocation and sub-national estimates of poverty in four countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Honduras and Nigeria.

20 Feb 2017 description

Hanna Röth, Zina Nimeh and Jessica Hagen-Zanker

Key messages

  • Around 655,000 Syrian refugees are currently registered in Jordan and are unlikely to return to Syria in the near future. With many living outside camps, they struggle to meet basic needs such as shelter and food.

  • Vulnerable Jordanians benefit from various government-run social protection schemes depending on the type and extent of their vulnerability, but these programmes do not support refugees in need.

20 Feb 2017 description

Alexandra Spencer, Chloe Parrish and Charlotte Lattimer

Key messages

  • Data from aid agencies suggests that, in 2015, at least $1.9 billion was spent on humanitarian assistance in the form of cash-based responses (51% cash and 49% vouchers).

  • There is currently no systematic tracking of the volume of humanitarian assistance delivered in the form of cash and vouchers. As such, the international system is not ready to report on its cash-related commitments from the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit and the Grand Bargain.

06 Feb 2017 description

The world is now experiencing the biggest refugee crisis since the second world war. Many of the countries with the highest outflow of refugees are facing ongoing conflicts that are unlikely to end anytime soon. In fact, most displacement crises are protracted, with 80% lasting ten years or more.

28 Jan 2017 description

The world is now experiencing the biggest refugee crisis since the second world war. Many of the countries with the highest outflow of refugees are facing ongoing conflicts that are unlikely to end anytime soon. In fact, most displacement crises are protracted, with 80% lasting ten years or more.

08 Aug 2016 description

Briefing papers
July 2016
Olivia Tulloch, Fortunate Machingura and Claire Melamed

This briefing presents an overview of how international migration can have an impact on the sustainable development goal for health and wellbeing. It describes the health needs and health service delivery for migrants and refugees in different settings and highlights the ways they may be excluded in national policies relating to health and from specific policies that work towards achieving the Agenda 2030 on sustainable development.

Key messages

30 Oct 2015 description

The study explores how the conflict in Gaza has affected the psychosocial and mental health status of adolescents, and particularly adolescent girls. It looks in depth at the coping strategies adolescents use at the individual, household and community levels, the current level of service provision (including the role of health workers in shaping adolescent service provision), and adolescents access to and uptake of available psychosocial and mental health services.

17 Sep 2015 description

This research brief provides an overview of the impact of project interventions and CARE’s best practices under the GSK ‘20% Reinvestment Initiative’ in Asia. This strategic partnership between CARE and GSK focuses on improving maternal and neonatal child health by improving the quantity and quality of frontline community health workers in the most remote and marginalised communities in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Nepal.

23 Sep 2014 description

This paper is based on qualitative fieldwork conducted by the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) South Sudan team in Juba, South Sudan in November 2013. This study followed qualitative research conducted in Uror and Nyirol Counties in northern Jonglei State in early 2013, described in the report ‘Livelihoods, access to services and perceptions of governance: An analysis of Uror and Nyirol counties, South Sudan’ (Maxwell et al., 2014a), and a household survey conducted by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and SLRC in 2012, described in d’Errico et al. (forthcoming).

30 Apr 2014 description

Key Messages

  • The Palestinian National Cash Transfer Programme (PNCTP) is well targeted to reach the poorest households in Gaza and the West Bank.

  • Children benefit from its effects on household economic strengthening, especially in terms of improved health and nutrition.

  • However, the PNCTP is not child-focused, and other key dimensions of children’s right to social protection and a life free from poverty and vulnerability are not sufficiently addressed by the programme.

22 Nov 2013 description

The need for a stronger scientific evidence base for responses to humanitarian crises has been identified by various public health actors. To this end, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Wellcome Trust commissioned a project to review the evidence base of public health interventions in humanitarian crises. The overall aim of the project is to provide a rigorous assessment of the current quality and depth of the evidence-base that informs humanitarian public health programming globally.

21 Oct 2013 description

This Development Progress case study explores the lessons that can be drawn from a remarkable story of progress, revealing that despite a 10-year insurgency, persistent political upheaval, and some of the world's most challenging terrain for the delivery of healthcare, Nepal has reduced its maternal mortality ratio by almost 50% - meaning it is one of the few countries on track to achieve MDG 5.

29 Jul 2013 description

This working paper, part of ODI's Development Progress project, looks at the relationship between neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and poverty. With a view towards progress in development, the paper identifies the problem that NTDs cause, how they present a problem to the alleivation of poverty generally, and how progress has and can be made in tackling them, particularly with the achievement of the MDGs in mind.

The key messages from this working paper are: