Malaria is caused by parasites of the Plasmodium family and transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. There are four different human malaria species (P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae and P. ovale), of which P. falciparum and P. vivax are the most prevalent and P. falciparum the most dangerous. P. knowlesi is a zoonotic plasmodium that is also known to infect humans.
Every child has the right to a fair chance in life. Leaving no child behind is both a moral imperative and a strategic priority for the development of inclusive, sustainable and stable societies everywhere. In 2015, UNICEF worked with partners around the world to make that fair chance a reality.
There is agreement in the scientific community that the global food system will experience unprecedented pressure in the coming decades – demographic changes, urban growth, environmental degradation, increasing disaster risk, food price volatility, and climate change will all affect food security patterns.
For the first time, the SDC is publishing the results of its activities over a five-year period. This new general activity report illustrates eight thematic areas of SDC activity by presenting sample projects, the funds earmarked, and the contribution thus made to worldwide poverty reduction and the reform of structures.
Last update 09.11.2015
In many respects the world is a better place today than it was 20 years ago or at any other time in history. So says the 2010 UNDP Human Development Report. Switzerland has made important contributions to this progress.
INTRODUCTORY MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTORS
HealthNet TPO is a Dutch aid agency that works on recovery of communities in war torn societies.
We improve health and wellbeing by changing victims into agents of change, building on existing community resources to create new resources, thus help people gain health, hope and confidence.
UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment
INTRODUCTION AND STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT
Cities have never been immune from warfare, but over the last century, armed conflicts have, increasingly, come to be fought in population centres, thereby exposing civilians to greater risk of death, injury, and displacement. This trend is only likely to continue with increasing urbanization. It is compounded by the fact that belligerents, and non-State armed groups in particular, often avoid facing their enemy in the open, intermingling instead with the civilian population.
Annual Report: relief aid tripled in 2015
In 2015, Dorcas helped 373,375 people in emergency situations, which is more than three times as many people as last year. Many of these people were displaced because of the earthquake in Nepal, others were refugees from Syria and Iraq and there were many who fled because of the turmoil in eastern Ukraine. You can read all the details in our recently released annual report. Dorcas is thankful for all the donations and funds that made all of this possible.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) was founded in 1951, in the aftermath of World War II in order to assist displaced people.
MESSAGE FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
At IRT, our mission and focus is to alleviate human suffering by aiding victims of disasters and building healthy communities. In times of disasters, we rely on partnerships with other international organizations to achieve maximum impact with your donations. In this way, we establish clear and appropriate roles, avoid duplication of efforts, and maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of our response.
Period covered: January to December 2015
The DREF allocated a total amount of CHF 19,762,920 in 2015, to 77 different National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies to support their response to 109 disaster events. The amount was 3.6 per cent lower than forecast but 3 per cent higher the amount allocated in 2014. The amount of allocations made as start-up funding for emergency appeal operations continued its upward trend against the last two years, with a small increase of 5 per cent against 2014 figures.
By the end of 2015, strong progress continued towards each of the Endgame Plan’s four objectives. The world has never been closer to eradicating polio, with fewer cases in fewer areas of fewer countries than at any time in the past. The virus is now more geographically constrained than at any point in history. As the GPEI enters 2016, it is more important than ever to redouble efforts to eradicate poliovirus in every corner of the globe.
WHO report highlights health impacts of climate change
The health sector has a vital role to play in order to respond and minimize the threats that climate change poses to human health
MANILA, 26 APRIL - The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for the Western Pacific has released a new report with scientific evidence of climate change affecting health and recommended actions for countries in the Region.
Climate change heightens Pacific island countries’ vulnerability, according to a new report by WHO
Ensuring a health-in-all-policies approach, health considerations should be incorporated into national policies and plans relevant to climate change
A number of recent reviews of crises, including Syria (ENN 2014), Lebanon and the Ukraine (GNC-ENN 2015) have raised questions about the humanitarian nutrition response in contexts where levels of wasting are not elevated or high in terms of emergency thresholds, but where stunting is prevalent.
Rationale and objectives of the meeting
In the East Asia and the Pacific Region (EAPR), despite economic growth and achievements in health and nutrition indicators, maternal and child undernutrition rates and burden remain extremely high. The annual estimated number of cases of severe wasting in EAPR countries is over six million, but the indirect coverage of the treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) is less than 2%. Prevention and management of acute malnutrition is therefore a large unfinished agenda in this region.
La malnutrición aguda grave afecta a más de 17 millones de niños y niñas en todo el mundo. A pesar de los notables progresos alcanzados en los últimos años, en 2013 aproximadamente 2,9 millones de niños de 65 países tuvieron acceso a tratamiento, cifra que representa tan sólo el 17% de los niños del mundo que lo necesita.
These Discussion Papers focussing on Gender and Malaria, and Gender and TB, are intended to support practitioners, civil society and government partners wishing to make the investment case for increased and improved programming that addresses the specific vulnerabilities and needs of both males and females who are affected by or at risk of malaria and TB. The papers summarize the existing evidence base, demonstrating the ways in which gender impacts on Malaria and TB risks and effects (including those that intersect with HIV), and highlighting existing data and implementation gaps.