Note: Map date estimated.
Edited by B. Wisner and J. Adams
The WHO Guide to sanitation in natural disasters (Assar, 1971) summarized the essential aspects of environmental health management in disasters. These included the provision of emergency water and sanitation services; the burial or cremation of the dead; vector and pest control; food hygiene; and the assessment of the danger of epidemics following emergencies and disasters, etc. Thirty years later these aspects remain essential, though the needs, challenges and opportunities are greater.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies launched its annual appeal for 2004 in Geneva today. The appeal seeks 217.6 million Swiss francs to support programmes and operations around the world with an unprecedented emphasis on health programmes which account for just over 40 per cent of the total.
Millions of young girls in the developing
world are married when they are still children, and as a result are denied
the ordinary experiences that young people elsewhere take for granted:
schooling, good health, economic opportunities, and friendship with peers.
Despite national laws and international agreements forbidding early marriage,
gender roles and marriage systems in many countries dictate the practice,
through which girls are deprived of basic rights and subjected to discrimination
and health risks.
This document reports on the latest developments
in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. It demonstrates that there have been steady
increases in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS, as well as in the
number of AIDS deaths.
With maps and regional summaries, the 2003 edition provides the annual estimates of the epidemic's scope and human toll, explores new trends in the epidemic's evolution, and features a special section examining stigma and discrimination.
NUTRICIÓN DE LOS ENFERMOS DE VIH/SIDA:
UN COMPONENTE VITAL Y A MENUDO DESCUIDADO DEL APOYO FAMILIAR
La malnutrición es un peligro grave para los enfermos de VIH/SIDA. Incluso en las primeras fases de la infección con el VIH, cuando no hay síntomas aparentes, el virus compromete el estado nutricional del organismo. Aumenta mucho el riesgo de malnutrición durante el curso que sigue la infección.
This essay was invited by USAID, and is intended to inform its strategic planning in agriculture. It seeks to create an awareness of the connections between rural poverty, undernutrition, and HIV/AIDS in developing nations and to then suggest specific cross-sector investment strategies that can be used more effectively to combat these three deplorable human conditions. Striking is the finding that the integration of work in the agricultural, nutrition, and health sectors has not been pursued systematically to date. The exceptions have been termed "isolated and small scale."
Maintaining proper storage conditions for
health commodities is vital to ensuring their quality. Product expiration
dates are based on ideal storage conditions and protecting product quality
until their expiration date is important for serving customers and conserving
LA NUTRITION POUR LES PERSONNES VIVANT
AVEC LE VIH/SIDA: UNE COMPOSANTE SOUVENT NÉGLIGÉE ET POURTANT VITALE DES
SOINS À DOMICILE
La malnutrition est un danger sérieux pour les personnes affectées par le VIH/SIDA. Même au tout début de l'infection par le VIH, quand les symptômes ne sont pas apparents, le virus sollicite l'état nutritionnel de l'organisme. Le risque de malnutrition augmente de façon significative durant l'évolution de l'infection.
Over the last decade, HIV/AIDS has become increasingly associated with malnutrition and household food insecurity in many countries around the world. Life-prolonging medication exists for HIV/AIDS, but access to such medicines and accompanying care is beyond the reach of most people living with the disease. This is especially the case in countries where the rapid increase in HIV-positive individuals and those affected by HIV/AIDS, such as orphans, is creating additional pressures for communities with already scarce resources.
This Manual has been designed as a guide
to assist the Environmental Health (EH) sector in the development of contingency
plans for flood events. It outlines the basic steps in the contingency
planning process and provides instructions on the structure and elements
of the plan. It also outlines the key management issues in contingency
planning. The Manual also includes some assessment tools for use by EH
Units both during and after flood situations.
By Christine Tokar, former Social Welfare Delegate for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
By Ruud Lubbers
UNICEF Marks Anniversary of Convention on the Rights of the Child
This report offers information on the nutritional
status of populations worldwide. The figures are provided in the context
of global and national efforts to reach the goal set by the 1996 World
Food Summit of reducing by half the number of undernourished people in
the world by the year 2015. The report is divided into four sections:
- Under-nourishment around the world: Analyses the latest data on hunger
- Special Feature: International trade
- Towards the Summit commitments: Discusses approaches to fulfilling commitments in WFS Plan of Action
[SPRING LAKE, Mich., Oct. 28, 2003]
People in developing nations will receive more of the proper medical
equipment they need thanks to guidelines developed by International Aid
and presented at a meeting of leading donor organizations.
22 October 2003, Geneva, Switzerland
- A new polio outbreak spreading from Nigeria to neighbouring countries
is putting 15 million children at risk, requiring a massive immunization
campaign across five countries in west and central Africa. Beginning today,
hundreds of thousands of volunteers and healthworkers in Benin, Burkina
Faso, Ghana, Niger and Togo will aim to reach every child in those countries
with polio vaccine in just three days.
Major international partners agree to strategic framework for the protection, care and support of orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS
Measles strategy works - Now it must expand to more countries
This paper highlights the implications of the
HIV/AIDS pandemic for food aid and strategy and programming.
For this purpose, it emphasises the need for viewing food aid programs through an 'HIV/AIDS' lens and in the context of a livelihoods approach in order to design effective interventions reducing both susceptibility to HIV and vulnerability to AIDS impacts.
The paper is based on a detailed review of the relevant literature and the findings of a mission to eastern and southern Africa.