Emergency response personnel are unique in that they dedicate their time and energy in assisting persons during stressful times of their lives, for example, after disasters such as hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, etc. The repeated exposure does have a potentially deleterious effect on their psychological well-being, what can greatly affect the overall outcome of such situations, including the prognosis of the primary victims of the event.
EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database.
EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED Intenrational Diaster Database.
EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database.
Earth Watch keeps an eye on the many different disaster events happening around the world.
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In the context of people experiencing psychological
stress caused by exposure to armed conflict, this report looks at training
approaches and perspectives on trauma relief. For this purpose, it looks
at the following issues:
- Defining trauma
- Trauma caused by ethnic conflict
- Goals for trauma training
- Training for trauma relief
- Designing trauma curricula
- Training programs in action
- Lessons learned
This report offers information on the nutritional
status of populations worldwide. The figures are provided in the context
of global and national efforts to reach the goal set by the 1996 World
Food Summit of reducing by half the number of undernourished people in
the world by the year 2015. The report is divided into three sections:
'Under-nourishment around the world' estimates under-nourishment in 125 countries for the period 1997-99 and evaluates country performances over the past decade.
Aiming to be of use to managers, team leaders
and other readers to support those they work with and take care of themselves
during emergency assignments, this guide focuses on stress management in
humanitarian emergencies. For this purpose, it examines the following issues:
- Stress and UNHCR
- Recognizing signs and sources of stress
- Stress management strategies
- Mobilising special support
What is Rift Valley Fever?
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever-causing viral disease that affects domestic animals (such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and camels) and humans. RVF is most commonly associated with mosquito-borne epidemics during years of heavy rainfall.
The disease is caused by the RVF virus, a member of the genus Phlebovirus in the family Bunyaviridae. The disease was first reported among livestock by veterinary officers in Kenya in the early 1900s.
This Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) In-Depth takes a comprehensive look at the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa circa 2001. Frontline reporting from Angola, Kenya, South Africa and Zambia is featured alongside fact sheets on the subject.
ICG was founded to help prevent and end
conflict in and between nations. But where it reaches epidemic proportions,
HIV/AIDS can be so pervasive that it destroys the very fibre of what constitutes
a nation: individuals, families and communities; economic and political
institutions; military and police forces. It is likely then to have broader
security consequences, both for the nations under assault and for their
neighbours, trading partners, and allies.
This paper describes the theory
and practice of Oxfam GB's livelihoods approach to assessing food security
in emergencies, i.e. its emergency programming aimed at supporting livelihoods,
as well as saving lives.
Part I: Describes key concepts that make up food-security theory and relates them to a livelihoods approach.
Part II: Assessing food security - whether people are able to meet their immediate food needs and the vulnerability and risks faced by different livelihood groups and their coping strategies.
This paper describes the evolution leading to the current consensus on information that can realistically be gathered and effectively analysed for rapid decision-making regarding nutrituional status, as well as summarises some key aspects of rapid nutritional surveys. For this purpose, it includes the following chapters:
- Historical perspective
- Why measure malnutrition in emergencies?
- Types of assessment
- Elements of an assessment
- Data collection
- Survey subjects
- Survey methodology and recording
Focusing on distribution in natural disasters
and/or in relatively peaceful settings, this
paper reviews the theoretical underpinnings of a cash-based approach to
food emergencies, and presents case-studies of cash distribution drawn
from Africa, South Asia and the Balkans.
Highlighting both the risks and the benefits of cash-based responses as against traditional food aid, the paper concludes by setting out the conditions under which cash aid might be an appropriate response, and highlights how its associated risks can be minimised.
The impact of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) on people's lives and on development
is staggering. Millions have died and livelihoods have been devastated,
particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agriculture and natural resources are
important components of such livelihoods. And the nutritional status of
those infected and affected plays a large part in determining their current
welfare and their ability to further develop their livelihoods towards
activities that help to mitigate the impacts of AIDS and prevent the spread
En Honduras el huracán Mitch entro desde
las costas de Nicaragua por el oriente del país cerca de las costas de
La Mosquitia subiendo hacia las Islas del Cisne los días 23 al 25 de octubre.
El 26 de octubre comenzó a realizar un viraje hacia el nor oeste llegando
con su fuerza devastadora a la Isla de Guanaja el día 27 de octubre, donde
destruyo toda la comunidad del mismo nombre.
Related document contains details related to outbreak of Meningitis
Health in Africa costs dearly: in quality of life, in chances of survival, and in resources. This Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) In-Depth considers the challenges to health in Africa and features information about infectious and emerging diseases, mental health, and healthcare facilities.