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16 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Food security conditions improve in Kenya, decreasing the food-insecure population to approximately 700,000 people

  • March-to-May long rains result in extensive flooding, affecting an estimated 800,000 people

  • The USG provides more than $131.4 million in FY 2018 humanitarian funding

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

08 Nov 2018 description

186,001 The number of refugees and asylum seekers registered in Kakuma camp and Kalobeyei settlement as at 31 October 2018.

8,637 The number of new arrivals refugees and asylum seekers registered in 2018.

4,088 Individuals assisted to return to their home countries since February 2016.

Highlights

07 Nov 2018 description

Across the globe, climate change-related displacement has become a norm rather than an exception. Weather and climate hazards that are becoming increasingly common are displacing millions of people. In Kenya’s far flung county of Tana River, 2018 will go down as another year of catastrophic weather. Mid this year, just when the area was recuperating from the 2017 devastating drought, extensive flooding occurred.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification Biophysical Indicators

  • The County received insignificant off season precipitation during the Month.

  • The vegetation condition Index (VCI-3Month) was showing a decrease of 6% compared to previous month.

  • The VCI indicated vegetation greenness above normal. The overall drought phase in the county was at Normal in September.

  • Forage condition was good across all livelihoods zones during the month.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

** Biophysical Indicators Rainfall:**

  • During the month of September, heavy to shallow rainfall spanning 0-3 days was recorded across Laikipia. Generally, the rainfall was poorly distributed in terms of time and space.

Vegetation Condition:

  • The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) is above the normal range for the period, indicating a good to fair state of pasture and browse condition across most areas.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The first two dekads of the month received normal rainfall.

  • The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) was above-normal at 52.24.

  • The state of water sources was normal for this time of the year.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The month of September was dry and this is normal

  • The vegetation condition was fair and within the normal range.

Socio-Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production Indicators

  • Land Preparation had begun in anticipation of the short rains

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought situation and phase classification

Biophysical Indicators (Environmental indicators)

  • The month of September recorded average rainfall amount above the long term mean following off season rains recorded in 3 rd dekad of September.

  • The state of water sources was normal at this time of the year.

  • The 3-month Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) for the month of September recorded above normal vegetation greenness.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Vegetation greenness was far above normal for similar period of the year.

  • Pasture, browse and water situations remain above the long-term average since April. Southern pastoral zone is water stressed. Production Indicators

  • Livestock body condition was good and stable for all species.

  • Household daily milk production was still below the long-term average due to low livestock tropical unit and low calving rate.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The month of September was characterized by hot weather with relatively strong winds. There was continuous sunny weather during the day and mild rainfall onset indications.

  • The 3-Month Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) increased slightly maintaining an above normal vegetation condition.

  • Pasture and browse availability was good in the pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihood zones.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • No rainfall was recorded during the month of September. This is normal at this time of the year.

  • Quantity and quality of Pasture and browse ranged from good to fair across the Mixed farming livelihood zones and was worsening in the Marginal mixed farming livelihood.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Light showers were received in the 2 nd dekad of the month in Ijara sub county for two days

  • The rest of the sub counties experienced dry and hot weather condition throughout the month.

  • The average greenness for the county as per the vegetation condition index for 3 months reduced from 77 to 69.54 but remained in the above normal vegetation greenness.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Light showers received in some parts of County during the reporting month.

  • Vegetation condition; the current three-month Vegetation Condition index for the County showed above normal vegetation greenness but worsened compared to the previous month.

  • The pasture and browse conditions is fair across the county during the month.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Rainfall: There was no rainfall received across the County with exception of Mt. Marsabit and Moyale Central which received traced amounts of 9.4mm and 7.7mm respectively. 6months cumulative rainfall is 133percent of the normal.

  • Vegetation condition: 3-months Vegetation Condition Index for the month of September was 83.1 which fell in the above normal vegetation greenness strap. Currently, forage condition is good across the County.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • September has been generally dry across all livelihood zones, a normal situation at this time of the year.

  • The dry spell that began in late June has led to slight declines in forage resources across all livelihood zones.
    Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • Livestock body conditions are good in all species and across all livelihood zones.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

SEPTEMBER EW PHASE

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Rainfall
  • The county experienced relatively dry spell in September.
  • Vegetation condition:
  • The vegetation greenness as depicted by the vegetation condition index (VCI) is above normal greenness across the county.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators:

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Rainfall: minimal amount of rainfall was recorded in both livelihood zones during the month under review. The rains were poorly and unevenly distributed in terms of space and time.

  • Vegetation Condition: The vegetation condition across the livelihood zones remain normal in the current month. Pasture and browse condition range from good to fair across both livelihood zones.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • No rainfall was received during the month.

  • Vegetation condition cover remained above normal but with deteriorating trend.

  • Surface water points diminishing and are currently holding about 50% of their capacity.

Socio Economic Indicators Details

  • Trekking distances to water points for both household and livestock increased across the county.

26 Oct 2018 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The county experienced light rains in the highlands. Low temperatures prevailed during the reporting period.
  • The county vegetation condition index was above normal. All the four Sub Counties VCI depicted vegetation greenness above normal.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production Indicators