Between June 1 and August 18, 2018, Kerala experienced the worst floods ever since 1924. The torrential rains triggered several landslides and forced the release of excess water from 37 dams across the state, aggravating the flood impact. Nearly 341 landslides were reported from 10 districts. The devastating floods and landslides affected 5.4 million people, displaced 1.4 million people, and took 433 lives. The Government reports that 1,259 out of 1,664 villages spread across the state’s 14 districts were affected.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
5th December 2018
Description of the disaster
During the night of Thursday the 15th November 2018, the state of Tamil Nadu in India, was affected by the Gaja Cyclone. Severe cyclonic storm “Gaja” crossed between Pondicherry and Nagapattinam with wind gusts up to 120 kilometres speed per hour. Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Tiruvarur, Tanjavur, Pudukottai and Karaikal Districts are the most affected by this cyclone. As of 19th November 2018, at least 45 people are feared dead and many people have also incurred injuries. Many trees have been uprooted.
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Situation Overview Highlights:
Humanity Road activated its disaster desk on Thursday November 15, 2018 in advance of landfall of Cyclone Gaja in India. This situation report number 1 provides helpful links and situational information based on early indications in social media.
Andhra Pradesh and Odisha stared at a possible flood situation, a day after Cyclone ‘Titli’ hit coastal Odisha and Andhra Pradesh at around 4:30-5:30am on October 11, bringing with it strong winds and heavy rains in these two neighboring Indian states. As the cyclone - with a speed of 140-150 kmph - hit the coastal area, trees and electric poles were uprooted in the region. Ganjam and Gajapati districts of Odisha were badly affected.
by Amal Devaraj
Kerala is the southern part of India. In the mid of August 2018, major areas in Kerala witnessed heavy rainfall continuously for more than a week. All the lakes, rivers and other water bodies were filled and it became severe as the water started overflowing into the land areas.
1. Executive Summary
With the state receiving 758.6 mm rainfall between 1st August and 19th August, 164% more than the average of 287.6 mm, Kerala faced unprecedented flooding. Kerala received 42% more rains than usual since the onset of the Monsoon in June. By midAugust, there had been 2346.3 mm of rainfall instead of an average of 1649.55 mm. The highest rainfall was in Idukki district, which received 92% more rains. This was followed by Palakkad, which received 72% more rains.
Indian Red Cross Society has been on the ground and responding to the unprecedented floods that Kerala faced in August. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), as on August 24th, 417 people have died and over 54.11 lakh people were affected,12.47 lakh of whom had to seek shelter in 5,645 relief camps.
The Very Severe Cyclonic Storm 'TITLI' crossed north Andhra Pradesh south Odisha coast near 18.80 N and 84.50 E (near Palasa, Srikakulam district) to the southwest of Gopalpur, as a very severe cyclonic storm with estimated maximum sustained surface wind speed of 140-150 kmph gusting to 165 kmph between 0430 and 0530 hours IST of today, the 11th October 2018. Gopalpur recorded 126 kmph wind speed at 0430 hrs IST of 11th October.