World is failing newborn babies, says UNICEF
Babies from the best places to be born up to 50 times less likely to die in the first month of life
NEW YORK, 20 February 2018 – Global deaths of newborn babies remain alarmingly high, particularly among the world’s poorest countries, UNICEF said today in a new report on newborn mortality. Babies born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore have the best chance at survival, while newborns in Pakistan, the Central African Republic and Afghanistan face the worst odds.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
61 Implementation of hepatitis B birth dose vaccination – worldwide, 2016
61 Mise en œuvre de la vaccination contre l’hépatite B par une dose à la naissance à l’échelle mondiale, 2016
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee hosting country in Africa, with 889,071 refugees and asylum seekers as of November 2017.2 At the Leaders’ Summit held in New York in September 2016, and co-hosted by Ethiopia, a day after the adoption of the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants, the Government of Ethiopia made the following nine pledges to relax its reservations to the Refugee Convention and encampment practices, and to strengthen support to refugees.
On 12 February, Cyclone Gita passed over the Kingdom of Tonga, mainly affecting the islands of ‘Eua (pop. 4,950) and Tongatapu (pop. 74,679). Ha’apai (pop. 6,144) was also impacted to a lesser extent. The Category Four cyclone brought heavy rain, strong winds of 230 km/h and storm surge. As the cyclone hit at low tide, the storm surge did not have a major impact. The cyclone caused extensive damage to homes and public buildings, along with the water supply, agricultural fields, and transport and communication infrastructure. Initial assessments suggest some 50,000 people are affected.
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS AND KEY FIGURES
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉ
1. APERÇU HUMANITAIRE
Le nord du Sénégal fait face à une situation de crise humanitaire suite au déficit de pluies durant l’hivernage 2017 et à la faible production de la biomasse. La période de soudure sera précoce, frappant les familles les plus vulnérables dès le mois de mars.
The last few weeks have seen an encouraging surge in the opposition to the government’s decision to deport asylum seekers from Sudan and Eritrea who have been living in Israel for over a decade.
Public health systems have critical and clear relevance to the World Bank’s twin goals of poverty eradication and boosting shared prosperity. In particular, they are impacted by, and must respond to, significant threats at human-animal-environment interface. Most obvious are the diseases shared between humans and animals (“zoonotic” diseases), which comprise more than 60 percent of known human infectious pathogens; but also aspects of vector-borne disease, food and water safety and security, and antimicrobial resistance.
Rebecca Short , Rajina Gurung, Marcus Rowcliffe, Nicholas Hill, E. J. Milner-Gulland
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 4,4M
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉS
L’insécurité alimentaire, les déplacements de population et les urgences sanitaires entrainent plus de 8 millions de personnes (presque deux tiers de la population tchadienne) dans une vulnérabilité aigüe ou chronique, souvent exacerbée par le faible développement et les risques climatiques. Plus de 4,4 millions de personnes dont 52% de femmes ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire d’urgence et de soutien pour renforcer leurs moyens d’existence.
45 Creating new solutions to tackle old problems: the first ever evidence-based guidance on emergency risk communication policy and practice
55 The role of extended and whole genome sequencing for tracking transmission of measles and rubella viruses: report from the Global Measles and Rubella Laboratory Network meeting, 2017
60 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January-December 2017
En 2016 se ha vuelto a registrar un volumen récord de personas refugiadas, desplazadas y solicitantes de asilo
Since the very outbreak of the current migration and refugee crisis, my Office and I have been closely engaged in assisting the OSCE participating States and Partners for Co-operation to better address migration-related human trafficking challenges in line with the OSCE commitments.