Heavy rainfall has caused the Niger and Benue rivers to overflow, displacing thousands across 12 states as of late August (DG ECHO 16/09/2018; 21/09/2018). The National Emergency Management Agency has declared an emergency in Kogi, Niger, Delta and Anambra states, and is monitoring eight other states in central and southern Nigeria (Floodlist 19/09/2018). In addition to river flooding, flash floods have occurred in central and northern Nigeria since July, affecting Katsina, Kano, Jigawa and Sokoto states.
489 Cholera, 2017
497 Performance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance and incidence of poliomyelitis, 2018
489 Choléra, 2017
497 Fonctionnement de la surveillance de la paralysie flasque aiguë (PFA) et incidence de la poliomyélite, 2018
Violence must end and inclusive peace talks resume
The Saudi and UAE-led Coalition has intensified its assault towards Hudaydah’s city and port, with already devastating consequences for civilians. Despite their assertions, international actors should not believe that this can go on without disproportionate harm to civilians, or with any confidence that it will bring Yemen’s conflict to an end.
• Tuberculosis is now the leading cause of death from infectious disease, with 1.3 million deaths per year, not including HIV co-infections.
• Globally, the rate of decline in TB incidence has been slow, at 2 percent per year from 2000 to 2016, mainly due to low case notification. An estimated 4.1 million people with TB have been missed every year and contribute to ongoing transmission. To achieve the milestones set in the End TB Strategy, we must accelerate the rate of reduction to 4-5 percent each year by 2020.
Migration is a multifaceted phenomenon that plays a critical role in today’s world. Morerecently, the international importance of migration was emphasized through its inclusion on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which recognizes the integral function of migration in achieving development goals. Furthermore, migrant health has been and continues to be an important part of the global health agenda.
Disability Assessment among Syrian Refugees in Jordan and Lebanon
Concerning the lack of disability data in the Syria crisis context, Humanity & Inclusion (HI) and iMMAP conducted the study aimed at the following:
1.Provide statistically reliable prevalence of disability as well as disability disaggregated data indicators on access to services.
The crisis in the Kasais region of the Democratic Republic of Congo is first and foremost a child protection crisis, one of the worst in the world. Children make up more than two million of the 3.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection across the region.
Humanitarian emergencies can have catastrophic effects on children, exacerbating existing forms of violence and making them more vulnerable to exploitation, including being recruited into armed forces or armed groups, being sexually abused and being trafficked.
by Christiana Smyrilli, Pamela Silva, Lenulisy Rosado, and Martha Thompson
Typhoon Mangkhut made landfall on Luzon island in the northern Philippines on 15 September, affecting more than 890,000 people in Ilocos region, Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, National Capital Region (NCR) as well as Calabarzon, Mimaropa and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR).
As of 18 September, 236,133 people are displaced, of whom 162,472 are staying in evacuation centres while 73,661 are staying outside evacuation centres (DSWD 18/09/2018).
The storm killed at least 65 people and damaged at least 1,477 houses (DSWD 18/09/2018).
The UK Department for International Development (DFID) requested the Syria Independent Monitoring (SIM) consortium to investigate efforts to protect healthcare facilities and workers in Syria from conflict risks, primarily targeted attacks. This report provides additional details to the existing body of evidence documenting the destruction of health facilities, the targeting of health workers and the subsequent deterioration of access to healthcare for Syrians.
An outbreak of cholera declared on 6 September has killed at least 30 people and infected at least 5,460. The most severely affected areas are the two epicentres of the outbreaks in the suburbs of Glenview and Budiriro in western Harare. The outbreak has spread from Harare to Chitungwiza, and west to Gokwe and Bulawayo. Cholera is reportedly spreading to different areas of the country. Poor WASH and health infrastructure are facilitating the rapid spread of the disease.
A child under 15 dies every five seconds around the world – UN report
Children from the highest mortality countries are up to 60 times more likely to die in the first five years of life than those from the lowest mortality countries, report also says.
In the past decade, counterterrorism measures have had an increasingly adverse impact on the provision of medical care and the conduct of principled humanitarian action in armed conflict settings. Whether inadvertently or not, they have impeded, and at times prevented, the provision of essential and lifesaving aid, often in violation of international humanitarian law (IHL).
As of 15 September 2018, between than 4,200 and 5,000 people of Naria Upazila have become homeless due to the erosion on the Padma river. There is severe erosion in at least 10 points covering 7 kilometers on the banks of the Padma in Shariatpur district including Naria Pourashava, Kedarpur Union, Moktarer Char Union, Nawa Para Union, Charatra Union and Gharisara union (BDNews24 10/09/2018). In addition to homes, all of the roads, bridges, culverts, and other critical infrastructure in the areas have submerged in the river.
The Regional Strategic Plan for Immunization (RSPI) for the African region was adopted, in 2014, by the 64th session of the WHO Regional Commiמּee for Africa with the goal of achieving universal immunization coverage and reducing mortality and morbidity from vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) within the WHO African Region by the end of 2020. The plan was developed in line with the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP), approved by the World Health Assembly in 2012, which aims to prevent millions of deaths by the end of the Decade of Vaccines in 2020.
477 Widespread transmission of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus identified by environmental surveillance and immunization response, Horn of Africa, 2017–2018
480 Isolation and identification of human influenza viruses in cell culture: summary analysis of the WHO external quality assessment programme for National Influenza Centres in the WHO regions of the Americas, Africa and Eastern Mediterranean, 2017