Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2017, USAID/OFDA continued to respond to urgent needs resulting from disasters and support DRR programs that improve emergency preparedness and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Food security improves significantly in southeastern areas, but continued assistance is needed
UN records at least seven aid worker deaths since January
ICRC delivers humanitarian assistance in Leer for the first time since early April
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in May
CERF announces new findings in latest Results Report
Claudia Hargarten June 26, 2018
A new Results Report takes stock of how a US$439 million humanitarian investment from more than 50 donors delivered life-saving assistance to over 22 million people facing the consequences of natural disasters and conflict around the world.
Humanitarian Situation and Needs
• Plus de 80 000 burundais affectés par les pluies diluviennes depuis janvier ;
• Malgré une bonne saison agricole 2018A, près de 1,7 million de burundais restent en insécurité alimentaire (IPC3, en crise) ;
• Entre janvier 2016 et mai 2018, la Hotline a reçu 7 370 appels.
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions
Population ciblée 2,4 millions
PDI 169 374
Réfugiés congolais 72 212
Réfugiés burundais 413 283
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 1,7 million
35,272 refugees benefited from general food distribution in Luwani and Dzaleka camps
884,522 children benefiting from school meals in 13 food insecure districts
88,000 people suffering from acute malnutrition received nutrition treatment
3,500 mt of food assistance distributed
Nearly 84,000 Congolese have fled to neighboring Uganda to date in 2018
Continued FAW infestations could reduce harvests in eastern DRC
USG, relief organizations respond to Ebola outbreak in northwestern DRC
Fighting in Unity displaces populations, worsens humanitarian needs
Famine risk increases in parts of Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity, and Western Bahr el Ghazal
USAID/FFP partner WFP reaches 2.6 million people with emergency food assistance in April
- Rainfall: There was early onset of the long rains which was in the first dekad of the month of March. Above normal rainfall was received in the region during the reporting month.
- Vegetation Condition: The pasture and browse condition is good in both livelihood zones occasioned by regeneration due to the ongoing rains.
- Uncharacteristically high rainfall was received this month. Spatial distribution was however good. Temporal distribution was poor leading to flash floods in several pockets.
- Natural vegetation has improved significantly with Vegetation Condition Index increasing strikingly.
- Pastures and browse are of good conditions and in all livelihood zones.
- The biophysical indicators show positive fluctuations above the expected seasonal ranges.
- Above average rainfall was received in the month of March 2018.
- The April Vegetation Condition Index values for Baringo County are above normal indicating the condition is normal.
- The Water levels in water pans are normal at 5 (70%-100%).
- Rainfall: Marsabit County received torrential rainfall amounts which were well distributed in time and space across the livelihood zones.
- Vegetation condition: 3-months Vegetation Condition Index for April was 68.93 which depicted significant vegetation rejuvenation from moderate vegetation deficit in March to above normal vegetation greenness in the month under review. Forage condition is generally good across the livelihood zones.
- The month of April experience above normal rainfall. The rainfall was heavy in space and time across all livelihood zones.
- The vegetation greenness was above normal in all the livelihood zones.
- Rivers were recharged to above normal flows while water holding structures are at full capacity.
- In April, the County experienced 9-15 days of moderate to heavy rainfall. The rains received were generally well distributed in terms of time and space.
- The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) is above the normal range for the period, indicating very good state of pasture and browse condition across most areas.
- The available pasture and browse is expected to last for at the least 2-3 months.
- The county received 297.5 percent of normal rainfall which was evenly distributed in amount, time and space.
- The vegetation condition was good and above the normal range.
All ASAL counties received favourable rainfall in April which supported considerable improvement in pasture and browse situation, water availability and access. Water levels have improved since most surface water sources were recharged to over 80 percent of their normal capacity. Livestock body condition and milk production are starting to improve, while overall, the season has been favourable to crop production.
On 19 May, Tropical Cyclone Sagar made landfall in North-western Somaliland bearing winds in excess of 120 km/h and an entire year’s worth of rain (200-300mm) affecting approximately 700,000 people and widespread destruction of property, infrastructure and the loss of livestock (Government of Somaliland 21/05/201; GDACS 19/05/2015; SWALIM 18/05/2018). The cyclone led to flooding that impacted populations previously devastated by droughts and that had not yet recovered, further worsening existing food insecurity. Urgent needs include food, shelter, WASH, and health (OCHA 20/05/2018).
- Most of Southern Africa experienced erratic rainfall, delayed start of rainy season and extended midseason dry-spell from December to February which have wilted early planted crops in the region.
- In March 2018, significant rainfall was received in central and eastern parts of South Africa.
Cereal production during the upcoming harvest season in Southern Africa is expected to be below average, despite the heavy late rains, which benefitted the late planted crops. This is due to a late start of the rainy season, minimal to no rains during the critical planting season (December -January), high temperatures and the prevalence of Fall Armyworm (FAW).