Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylumseekers and more than 56,000 Malian refugees in Mbera, a camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In May alone, 321 new arrivals were registered in Mbera.
As the situation in northern Mali continues to be unstable, Mauritania struggles to cope with the growing needs of new refugees and the vulnerable host communities.
The multi-sectoral Response Plan targets 818,250 recently displaced people. A total of $117.7m is urgently required, of which approximately $6.99m has already been mobilized by Government and partners, primarily through diverting resources that were originally intended for important response elsewhere in the country.
Around 400,000 people have been newly displaced on both sides of the regional borders of Gedeo (SNNP region) and Guji (Oromia region) zones since 1 June (ECHO 19/06/2018). In total, some 700,000 people have been displaced since a new wave of violence between the Gedeo and Guji communities started on 13 April. Insecurity continues to prevent IDPs from returning to their areas of origin (OCHA 14/06/2018; OCHA 22/05/2018; UNICEF 10/05/2018). IDPs are staying in shelters in public buildings and spontaneous IDP sites.
The onset of the conflict in South Sudan in December 2013 changed the landscape of humanitarian access to populations in the conflict-affected states in the Greater Upper Nile region.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
In early 2017, Chad was found to have pockets of severe food insecurity with population facing serious nutritional issues.
Peter Martell in Riwoto
The breath is shallow and ragged, as if the intake of air is painful for two-year- old Lotabo Loworet, his bony ribs visible through his ragged shirt.
“I had nothing to feed the baby,” says Lowerio Loworet, his aunt, who has looked after the boy since Lotabo’s mother died of a fever in the Kapoeta region, in the far southeast of war-torn South Sudan. “I was afraid he would die.”
As well as severe acute malnutrition, he is suffering from medical complications including pneumonia, causing a cough that wracks his tiny body.
The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) was revised to include response to the drought and now calls for $547 million.
In May, flash floods and flooding affected more than 46,000 people across the country.
In provinces like Kandahar, Helmand, Wardak, Paktika, Zabul or Uruzgan up to 85 per cent of all girls are not going to school.
In 2018, more than 320,000 Afghan citizens have returned from Iran, many of them deported by authorities.
OVERVIEW: APRIL REVISION
The South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2017 articulates the regional protection and humanitarian needs of an anticipated 2.13 million South Sudanese refugees by 31 December 2017. The RRRP outlines the inter-agency response strategy and financial requirements of 58 agencies responding across six countries of asylum: Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.
Bruxelles, le 21 juin 2018
La Commission a débloqué aujourd'hui une aide humanitaire de 34 millions d'euros en faveur des populations les plus vulnérables en Ouganda et au Kenya; une attention particulière sera accordée aux personnes déplacées dans ces deux pays.
European Commission - Press release
Brussels, 21 June 2018
The Commission has released today €34 million in humanitarian assistance for the most vulnerable populations in Uganda and Kenya, with a special focus on displaced populations in both countries.
Summary of adjustments made to the emergency plan of action:
The operational strategy changes as follow:
The emergency food assistance activities focus now only in the four communes on the department of Magta Lahjar (Oud Amour, Sangrave, Magta Lahjar and Djonabe bordering Barkeole). Such activities will not be implemented in the department of Barkeole anymore as the CSA (Commissariat a la Sécurité Alimentaire from the Government of Mauritania) and the WFP are already covering this area.
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
• Alarming malnutrition rates:
In the lead up to the lean season of May–July 2018, the nutrition situation is expected to deteriorate significantly as a result of unprecedented levels of food insecurity, outbreaks of diarrhea and other illness, poor infant and young feeding practices as well as limited access to services due to the heavy rains. During this period, the counties of Leer and Mayendit in Unity and Longochuk and Renk of Upper Nile are expected to reach Extreme Critical levels (IPC Phase 5) as per the IPC for Acute Malnutrition Classification (GAM ≥ 30%).
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
• Humanitarian situation overview:
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners have released updated immediate humanitarian funding priorities.
The needs urgently require US$280.4 million to ensure a response for the next six months. Assistance needed includes delivering emergency health and nutrition services, expanding water and sanitation facilities, improving access to education, and ensuring Improvements in basic living conditions .
• Disaster after disaster:
After months of a devastating drought, many of the same areas have now been inundated with flooding. An estimated 800,000 people have been affected by the flooding countrywide. Even after the floodwater disappears, families who lost livestock and crops during the drought will struggle to rebound as they have no seeds, livestock nor means to earn an income.
KARACHI: The Supreme Court on Wednesday constituted a commission to conduct an inquiry into causes of death of eight infants in Tharparkar district, where the level of malnutrition remains high due to frequent drought.
Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar directed the commission, headed by Additional Inspector General of police Sanaullah Abbasi, to submit a report to the court in two months.
During the month of April the main driver that has impacted the operation’s context was flash and riverine floods.
The flash and riverine floods affected around 427,000 persons and left 199,000 displaced in southern and central part of the country.
The monitoring agencies predict that the Gu rains will continue and possible causing flash and riverine floods.
Early Gu rains caused floods
Ongoing fuel shortage across Sudan hindering refugee operations.
Delayed site extensions for refugee camps in East Darfur.
Heavy rains damage shelters and refugee school in South Kordofan.
OVER 2,600 SOUTH SUDANESE REFUGEES ARRIVE IN MAY – Decreasing new arrival flows continued through May, with 2,641 refugees arriving to East Darfur, White Nile, West Kordofan and South Kordofan. This brings total new arrivals in 2018 so far to 20,327.
Key updates, May 2018
Due to the upcoming elections, 5 health facilities are used as polling centres, which will negatively affect the provision of services.
In May, 10 attacks on health care were reported. These included closure of 6 health facilities, 3 incidents of looting of equipment and supplies, one health worker killed and one more detained by AGEs.
Health Cluster partners are responding to a drought that affects the northern region. Up to 2.2 million people may be affected by food insecurity.