The 2017/2018 winter period was the fifth consecutive year wherein the main planting season for wheat (October-February) has been compromised due to drought. In 2018, more than two thirds of the country – some 20 provinces – are affected by severe rain deficit and limited snowfall in winter season, negatively affecting water availability and impacting both rain fed and irrigated agricultural lands, and pastures. Due to the drought, nearly 50,000 people from affected provinces have been displaced to Herat and Qalai Naw.
UNITED NATIONS, Sep 24 2018 (IPS) - The United Nations warned last month that the accelerating impacts of climate change—“already clearly visible today”– have triggered an unpredictable wave of natural disasters– including extreme heatwaves, wild fires, storms, and floods during the course of this year.
“If we do not change course by 2020”, cautions UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, “we risk missing the point where we can avoid runaway climate change, with disastrous consequences for people and all the natural systems that sustain us.”
The Eastern and Southern Africa region continues to face multiple and more frequent humanitarian crises, including conflict and insecurity, economic shocks, climate change, natural hazards and disease outbreaks.1 More than 17 million people (45 per cent children) remain food insecure throughout the region.
The Ethiopian Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan for 2018, currently estimates that 7.9 million people need food and cash assistance, 6.86 million people need water,sanitation and hygiene support, 6 million are at risk of communicable diseases, an estimated 350,111 children require treatment for severe acute malnutrition, and 340,000 (estimated 90,000 children) vulnerable people require protection from gender based violence and exploitation. Ethiopia has the second largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in Africa, nearly 923,863.
Key issues in the past week:
Fighting across the country displaced more than 9,400 people, according to initial reports.
Fear of attacks on education impacts schools in Nangarhar province.
The UN officially opened Awaaz Afghanistan (https://awaazaf.org/).
Countrywide Conflict Displacement
By Hanif Samoon
MITHI: The much-awaited emergency relief operation in the drought-hit Tharparkar region begins on Monday (today), according to a statement issued by Deputy Commissioner Mohammad Asif Jamil.
The statement issued on Sunday evening said that the operation was being launched on the direction of the Sindh government. A total of 208,247 families would be provided wheat free of cost during the relief operation, it said.
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Situation in Numbers
1.6 Million children at risk of SAM in 2018*
403,255 SAM children admitted for treatment (January - June 2018)
4,95 Million people will require food assistance over the lean season (June-August) in 2018
Funding needs (US$)
Mauritania hosts over 2,000 urban refugees and asylumseekers and more than 57,000 Malian refugees in Mbera camp established in 2012 in the arid south-eastern region close to the Malian border.
Despite the conclusion of a peace agreement in 2015, large-scale returns of Malian refugees are not expected due to persistent violence in northern Mali. In July alone, 233 new arrivals were registered in Mbera camp.
As the situation in northern Mali continues to be unstable, Mauritania continues to receive Malian refugees and to support refugees and vulnerable host communities.
In Mauritania, UNHCR provides protection and assistance to over 57,000 Malian refugees in the arid south-east region where Mbera refugee camp was established in 2012.
UNHCR protects and assists over 2,000 urban refugees and asylum-seekers in the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou, mostly from Central Africa, Syria and Côte d’Ivoire.
Security in northern Mali is still volatile and largescale returns are not expected. The host area is subject to drought and is under pressure from the increasing refugee population
Additional Remarks / Justification for Assistance, including baseline data, weather conditions etc
Kabul, Afghanistan - The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) contributed approximately $44 million to the UN World Food Programme (WFP) to support the provision of critical food assistance to people affected by drought in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is currently facing the worst drought in decades, affecting 20 of the country's 34 provinces.
Although the pastoral northeast (Garissa, Wajir, Mandera and parts of Tana River counties) and pastoral north-west (Mainly Turkana, West Pokot and Marsabit) are generally classified as Stressed under the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), there are about 700,000 people here in the Crisis phase of food insecurity. After two to three poor seasons, these households have not fully recovered. Most of them lost productive assets during last year’s drought and face considerable food gaps.
• Since the signing of the peace agreement between the government and the opposition groups on 5 August in Khartoum, incidents of armed conflict have reduced significantly. However, the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) has accused government and SPLA-iO pro-Machar forces of violating the Permanent Ceasefire, following reported clashes in Unity and Bringi on 19 and 21 August, respectively.
Ethiopia has a long standing history of hosting refugees. In 2004, a National Refugee Law was enacted based on the international and regional refugee conventions to which Ethiopia is a party. Currently, the country is host to some 905,800 refugees, the majority from South Sudan (46.6%), Somalia (28.4%), Eritrea (19.2%) and Sudan (4.9%). As conflicts are ongoing in neighbouring countries, refugees continue to enter Ethiopia on a daily basis, making it the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa.
• Some 120,000 people have newly displaced from rural areas of Badghis to Qala-e-Naw during the reporting period.
• The number of people displaced due to the drought is currently more than 250,000 in the Western Region.
• Assistance is being provided in the displacement sites in Badghis and Hirat provinces and efforts are ongoing to scale up assistance in rural areas of origin.
• Around 190,000 people have been reached with safe drinking water in areas of origin and of displacement in Hirat and Badghis provinces.
WHITE NILE STATE
Drugs shortages persist for refugee camp clinics in White Nile State.
Flash flooding destroys refugee and host community homes in El Meiram, West Kordofan.
Inter-agency response plan for Khartoum’s ‘Open Areas’ launched in August.
• Approximately 141,410 people were displaced in Somali region after conflict erupted on 4 August. The conflict led to the exodus of government personnel, leaving essential services significantly understaffed. This in turn created pressing and urgent humanitarian needs for children and women in the region.
• Through UNICEF support, 134,446 people in Gedeo-West Guji received essential and life-saving health care services and 30,579 children under 5 years were treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).