This is the first annual report produced by the newly established Communicable Diseases Cluster (CDS) of the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa.
The overwhelming majority of deaths in the WHO African Region are caused by HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis (TB). Along with neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), these infections are diminishing Africans’ quality of life as individuals and thwarting entire countries’ ability to develop vibrant and productive communities, stronger economies and safer societies.
La RDC compte 1 087 000 filles de dix ans en 2016 qui représentent 2,3% de la population totale.
Ces adolescentes sont les rescapées des enfants de 0 à 5 ans qui ont échappé à la mortalité infantile et juvénile due aux causes évitables telles que les infections respiratoires aigües, les maladies diarrhéiques, le paludisme et la malnutrition.
FORWARD BY THE HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR
In 2016, the Iraq Humanitarian Pooled Fund (IHPF) became the second largest of all OCHA-managed country-based pooled funds (CBPF) globally.
With generous contributions amounting to USD 102 million at a time when military operations to retake Fallujah and Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) saw an upsurge in humanitarian needs, the IHPF disbursed USD 88.3 million to 55 partners to implement 135 projects.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
During the first half of 2016, humanitarian needs in parts of central and northern Iraq continued to rise as Iraqi state military and allied forces embarked on a military offensive to retake areas in northern and central Iraq including Fallujah, which have been occupied by organized non-state armed groups over the past two years.
In 2016, a total of $39.8 million from the CHF improved the relevance and coherence of humanitarian response through two Standard Allocations and three Reserve Allocations, representing 11 per cent of the total contributions to the 2016 HRP received ($356 million), making the CHF the second largest source of funding for humanitarian action in Afghanistan for the third consecutive year.
In Sudan Conflicts and displacement have had devastating effects on the psychosocial wellbeing of its children.
Many children have experienced or have been directly affected by abuse and violence, which put them at heightened risk of psychosocial destress. Other children may have experienced the death of parents or have had displacement and camp life or recruitment which severely disturbs children daily routine, which in turn affect their psychosocial wellbeing
The African region experiences around 100 public health events annually, of which 80% are caused by infectious diseases. Although only a portion of these public health events are caused by emerging and dangerous pathogens (EDP), recurring outbreaks of diseases such as Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and Dengue Fever/Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever are a feature of the regional situation.
Note by the Secretary-General
The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the members of the General Assembly the forty-eighth report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/87.
Les crises militaro politiques récurrentes qui ont secoué la République Centrafricaine ont profondément bouleversé l’organisation des services sociaux de base dans leur globalité.
Le secteur santé a été l’un des plus touchés.
More than two years of conflict have devastated Yemen. An estimated 18.8 million people, or 66 per cent of the population, are in need of assistance, including 10.3 million persons who are in acute need. In this challenging environment, the Yemen Humanitarian Fund (YHF) has been, and continues to be, an invaluable funding mechanism which strengthens the humanitarian response to affected people by utilising the strategic and flexible funding windows available in a timely manner.
For UNICEF Somalia, 2016 was a year where we succeeded in making important progress for children’s rights despite significant challenges.
During the year, the Federal Government of Somalia adopted the country’s first National Development Plan in 30 years. UNICEF ensured that it included child-focused data and a multi-sectoral nutritional approach coherent with the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement. Additionally, we emphasized social protection and resilience as key elements supporting improved access to basic services.
The Lebanon Cash Consortium (LCC) is comprised of six INGOs that provide severely socio-economically vulnerable refugees with $175 worth of Multipurpose Cash Assistance (MCA) per month. The LCC uses a formula called the Proxy Means Tests (PMT), which generates a composite score representing economic welfare, to target households eligible for MCA.
Over the past three decades high levels of maternal mortality in developing countries have been increasingly recognized as a pressing public health issue by governments, as well as in international forums and development agendas. Although levels have declined over the past two decades, maternal mortality levels are still comparatively high and more progress is needed. This is the case in most developing countries, including Myanmar.
Sixty two brave men and women; staff and volunteers of Syrian Arab Red Crescent have lost their lives saving the lives of others and bringing relief to the suffering since the conflict broke out in Syria in 2011 . And they were not the only ones. All over the world, being an aid worker has become increasingly dangerous. At the same time, there are now more people than ever in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. Wars, conflicts, extreme poverty and impending famine is sending an unprecedented number of people onto the path of migration.