ADDIS ABABA, 2 October 2009 (PLUSNEWS) - The life of a domestic worker in Ethiopia is rarely an easy one. Often escaping a deeply impoverished existence in the rural areas, these women find themselves in employment hundreds of miles away from their hometowns as maids - or serategnas in the national language, Amharic.
A lack of education, minimal opportunity for normal interaction with society and anecdotal evidence of sexual activity and abuse have led health workers to classify domestic workers as a high-risk group for the contraction of HIV.
JOHANNESBURG, 1 July 2009 (PlusNews) - HIV-positive babies who receive the global standard tuberculosis (TB) vaccine are at hightened risk of contracting this infectious disease, says a new study in Bulletin, a journal published by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
HIV-positive babies who received the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine were three times more likely to contract TB from the vaccine than previously thought.
Earlier studies documented HIV-positive infants running a risk of contracting TB twice that of their HIV-negative peers as a result of the live cultures in the …
JOHANNESBURG, 30 June 2009 (PlusNews) - The United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) has taken a damagingly narrow approach to HIV prevention in Zambia, ignoring realities on the ground and neglecting the most at-risk populations, says a new report.
Researchers from the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), a non-governmental organization that advocates sexual and reproductive health education and services, travelled to Zambia to determine what nearly US$577 million in PEPFAR funding between 2004 and 2008 had …
JOHANNESBURG, 24 June 2009 (PlusNews) - A large number of South African women are being infected with HIV during pregnancy but not diagnosed, according to a new study published in the latest issue of AIDS, the official journal of the International AIDS Society.
The findings of a South African study published in the 19 June edition of AIDS found that 3 percent of women who had a negative HIV test result when first accessing antenatal services later tested positive.
Although national guidelines state that all women should be offered voluntary HIV testing and counselling when they first …
NAIROBI, 24 June 2009 (PlusNews) - About 40 percent of HIV-positive Ugandan patients are already ill or displaying symptoms of AIDS when they are diagnosed, a new study in the latest issue of the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes has found.
The study, conducted by western Uganda's Mbarara University Teaching Hospital, noted that more than one-third of the 2,311 respondents were at World Health Organization disease stages three or four, when the immune system has already been severely damaged by HIV.
Lower education levels, unemployment, living in crowded households, …
ESPUNGABERA, 24 June 2009 (PlusNews) - Eurico Jero, 31, opens his satchel and takes out condoms to distribute to the crowd at a rally in Espungabera, a city of some 27,000 in Mozambique's central region, and the capital of Mossurize district.
JOHANNESBURG, 23 June 2009 (PlusNews) - It has been two years since the World Health Organization recommended male circumcision (MC) as an HIV prevention measure, and countries in Southern Africa - the region hardest-hit by AIDS - have been slowly gearing up to provide widespread access to the procedure.
IRIN/PlusNews has compiled a list of the progress made so far in eight southern African countries.
Botswana: Botswana's Ministry of Health has set a target to circumcise 80 percent of eligible men, or about 460,000, by 2012.
GULU/AMURU, 21 April 2009 (IRIN)- Stella Aceng, a mother of 10 living in Gulu district, northern Uganda, recently left the camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) that had been her home for the past 20 years and moved back to the village where she spent her childhood, but it has been a less than happy homecoming.
"I am the only bread-winner for the family, yet I am sick [HIV-positive]; I have no energy to cultivate or to plant food for the family," she told IRIN/PlusNews.