The humanitarian situation in Somalia is at its worst level for 18 years. Currently 3.64 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance with 1.55 million displaced across the country, most of whom are in South Central Soma-lia.1
Escalating conflict, new displacement, shrinking humanitarian space and limited capacity of the service provider network are posing specific risks to the health of populations of humanitarian concern in Somalia.
At a glance
Current number of people of humanitarian concern: 3.64 million
Number of displaced people: 1.55 million
Total CAP requirements for 2010 in health: USD $46.4 million
Number of health cluster projects in CAP 2010: 36
Number of health cluster partners in 2010: 18 who contributed to the CAP; over 30 active partners in coordination
The health cluster produces a regular bulletin of partners' activities
Context: Somalia has suffered from ongoing civil strife since early 1990s which continues up to the present day.
The Emergency Preparedness and Humanitarian Action (EHA) Newsletter provides a summarized overview of the current humanitarian health situation in Somalia and activities that WHO is carrying out in response to the ongoing humanitarian crisis.
The newsletter is issued on a monthly basis and is available online at www.emro.who.int/somalia/ CollaborativeProgrammes-eha.htm
Health events & situation overview
- On 3 December, a suicide bomber at Banadir University …
The Somalia Health Cluster Bulletin provides an overview of the health activities conducted by the health cluster partners operating in Somalia.
In October and November 2009, FSNAU with partners conducted 9 representative nutrition surveys in Central/Northeast (Galgadud, Mudug, Nugal), Hiran and Togdheer regions. The results of the surveys indicate a Sustained Nutritional Crisis in Central/Northeast and Hiran regions, with a less concerning, yet Critical situation in Togdheer region.
Key Overall Developments
The worsening security situation in South-Central Somalia continues to jeopardize the work of local and international aid agencies trying to assist millions of Somalis who are in need of humanitarian assistance.
On 22 December, unknown gunmen shot dead the head of WFP security guards in Belet Weyne town. The motive for the killing has not yet been determined. On 27 December, unknown masked gunmen shot and killed a staff of a local NGO (Jubbaland) at his residence in Belet Xaawo town, Gedo region.
The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated $33.2 million for one of the worst complex emergencies in the world today. Seasonal assessments confirm that Somalia faces its worst humanitarian crisis in eighteen years, with half the population or an estimated 3.6 million people in need of emergency livelihood and life-saving assistance. Around 75 percent of those in crisis are concentrated in South and Central Somalia.
- A suicide attack on 3 December at Shamo Hotel in Mogadishu left 24 people dead, including four Transitional Federal Government (TFG) ministers, and more than 46 seriously injured. The hotel was hosting a graduation ceremony for medical students from Banadir University.
- According to the latest update from Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit's (FSNAU), there are signs of improvement in the overall food security in Somalia, following average and above average 2009 Deyr rains.
Key Overall Developments
According to Famine Early Warning Network (FEWSNET), above-average rainfall was forecasted for the ongoing Deyr rains (October-December) in Somalia due to the current El Niño event. These rains were expected to contribute to a reduction in food insecurity following several consecutive failed rainy seasons. However, while October rains were above normal in some parts of the country and generated some moderate improvements in pastoral conditions, little rain fell during November in northern pastoral and central rainfed cropping areas.
Brussels, 17 December 2009 - The European Commission is providing €50 million in humanitarian aid to vulnerable drought-affected people in Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. The funds are channelled through the Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) under the responsibility of Commissioner Karel De Gucht.
"We face a disastrous situation in the Horn of Africa that demonstrates the terrible potential of climate change.
Sweden is to contribute SEK 1.4 million to provide medical care for the people injured in the suicide bombing in Mogadishu on 3 December 2009.
"I was deeply shocked to hear about yet another terrorist attack in Somalia targeting civilians and government officials.
December 11, 2009, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - International Medical Corps is launching a program to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) among Somali refugees living in southeastern Ethiopia. The program, funded by the U.S. government's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (BPRM), will build local capacity to effectively prevent and manage cases of SGBV and sexual exploitation and abuse in Boqolmayo, a camp of approximately 15,000 Somali refugees.
"The SGBV program comes at a critical time.
At a glance
Total population: 8.70 million
Number of people in need of humanitarian assistance: 3.64 million
Infant mortality: 88/1000 live births
Child mortality: 142/1000 live births
Maternal mortality: 1044 to 1400/100 000 live births
Global acute malnutrition: 19%
Severe acute malnutrition: 5%
Routine child immunization coverage: 30%
Number of basic emergency obstetric care (EmOC) facilities per 500 000 population: 0.8 (international standard of 5)
Antenatal care coverage: 26%
Worsening humanitarian situation
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has …
On 3 December, a suicide bomber at a graduation ceremony in Mogadishu claimed the lives of 20 people and injured over 60. Among the dead and wounded was some of the country's brightest medical talent.
Over 20 medical students were celebrating their graduation from Benadir University. Hundreds of friends, family, professors and senior Ministers had gathered to share in their phenomenal achievement: the students are only the second class to complete their training, having spent six years studying.
In response to a request of the Transitional Federal Government of the Somali Republic, the Government of the Russian Federation took decision to provide urgent humanitarian medical assistance worth 1 million US dollars to the population of Somalia via Russia's Emergency Situations Ministry.
Oxfam's Hassan Noor recently visited Banaadir and Medina Hospitals in Mogadishu.
Medina and Banaadir are two of the biggest hospitals in Mogadishu, and every day all of the city's problems come through their doors - young men with gunshot wounds, malnourished children, old women with malaria, cholera and other diseases which, at hospitals in most capital cities in the world, should be easily prevented and treated.
The doctors and nurses here work day and night, but they can only do so much with the resources they have.
Since 1991, widespread chronic food insecurity, violence, political instability, endemic poverty, and recurring cycles of flooding and drought have led to an ongoing complex emergency in Somalia. High inflation, massive population movements, and disease outbreaks throughout the country have compounded emergency humanitarian needs. Escalated fighting in southern and central Somalia and continued targeting of humanitarian staff have resulted in reduced humanitarian access and hampered response efforts.
Key Overall Developments
The 2010 Somalia Humanitarian Appeal was launched on 3 December, requesting for US$689 million to respond to the most serious humanitarian crisis in 18 years of civil war. Following low funding throughout 2009, delays and imbalances between sectors, the donor community was urged to provide early funding crucial to respond to humanitarian needs in Somalia. The decline in funding in 2009 also means that agencies have little or no carry-over into 2010.