This report assesses the situation of economic and social rights in Afghanistan and investigates the progress made by the Afghan government in ensuring these rights from early 1387 (March 2008) to late 1387 (March 2009). The Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) has already published three reports on economic and social rights in the years 2006, 2007, and 2008. This report is also available online at AIHRC website at www.aihrc.org.af.
Since the beginning of the implementation of the Humanitarian Reforms in September 2005, WHO and partners have been working together both at the global/regional and country levels to improve the effectiveness, predictability and accountability of humanitarian health action.
The second half of 2009 has been a very busy but productive period as the Asia Pacific zone office has responded to multiple disasters simultaneously, while carrying forward its aim to introduce several new initiatives designed to increase the impact of its work with Asia Pacific national societies.
- Access limitations and attacks on aid operations continue
- 2010 Humanitarian Action Plan launched on 30 November
- Winter response ongoing; no major gaps reported
- Conflict-induced displacements in South, East, Western regions
- Civilian casualties unchanged despite onset of winter
6.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs)(1) and eight million refugees(2) hosted by countries in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia (MENACA) region. Population were uprooted as a result of political instability and violence. Although some returns have been recorded over the past year, these were either limited or unsustainable, owing to the still fragile security context in the areas of origin.
A pioneering new vaccine that provides more effective protection against the two remaining strains of polio is being used for the first time in the world in southern Afghanistan, International Development Minister Mike Foster announced today.
The new 'Bivalent' OPV vaccine (bOPV) has been developed over the last 12 months by the World Health Organisation, with the support of funding from the UK's Department for International Development.
A clinical trial that compared bOPV with the traditional oral poliovirus vaccine found that for both types 1 and 3 polio, bOPV was at …
Dr S.M. Amin Fatemie Minister of Public Health met Mr. Najib Awzai Awztok chief of TIKA (Turkey International Corporation Agency) in Kabul. During this meeting Mr. Awztok pledged to donate $ 5 million for construction and rehabilitation of some health institutions in Afghanistan.
Chief of TIKA explained that in 2010 Turkey constructs one health facility plus three buildings for health workers' accommodation, one building for health institute at Behsood, Chak and Dai Mir Daad districts of Maidan Wardak province. Meanwhile Turkey expands Maidan Wardak Provincial Hospital as well.
HERAT, Afghanistan (Dec. 29) - The Italian-led Provincial Reconstruction Team here, taught local nomads the principles of first aid and basic life saving this week.
Along with basic life saving, the nomads received training in emergency management, the correct use of medical equipment and general information concerning health risks.
This report covers the period 01 July to 31 December 2009.
- Improve the health status of vulnerable people in targeted areas.
- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.
- Promote respect for diversity and human dignity, and reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion.
- Enhance the service delivery capacity of Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) at all levels.
The major activities during the reporting period include the following:
Disaster management: The disaster management …
For UNICEF 2009 was an extension of its preceding Country Programme 2006-2008. In line with national priorities outlined in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) 2008-2013, related MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) and the UNDAF (United Nations Development Assistance Framework) 2010-2013, UNICEF has designed the new Country Programme of Cooperation with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan which will start in January 2010, covering a four year period.
UNICEF continued its support to increase enrolment and retention of girls in schools.
We are helping provide emergency assistance to people in Afghanistan, where a combination of severe winter weather in 2008, floods and the rise in global food prices has left 2.7 million people short of food
Landslides, avalanches and floods caused by heavy rainfall and melting snow in western and northern Afghanistan in spring 2009 damaged more than 10,000 hectares of agricultural land, and killed a large number of livestock.
Crops that had been planted could not be harvested, and many families could not afford to replace their animals.
Now facing another harsh winter, …
Dr S.M Amin Fatemie left Afghanistan for United States Emirates as per the invitation of His Excellency Mr. Hanif Hassan Ali Health Minister of United Arabic Emirates. Dr. Fatimie and his delegate was very warmly welcomed by Mr. Ahmad u Sayeed Ebrahim al Hashimi the Deputy Minister of Health of the United Arabic Emirates and the chief of Health Department of Dubai as well as some other high authorities at Dubai International airport.
On December 23, 2009 the Afghan Minister of Public Health met His Excellency Mr.
38% reduction in Child Mortality, 40% reduction in Maternal Mortality achieved during 2002-2008 due to participatory work of MoPH, health sector stakeholders- especially provincial leadership
The United Nations has warned that despite the enormous efforts underway to deliver food and aid this winter, the adverse security situation continues to complicate efforts to reach Afghanistan's most vulnerable people.
"The deteriorating security situation is causing grave concern with agencies and organizations are apprehensive that distribution will not be able to take place in insecure areas," a UN official said.
Speaking at a …
OCHA: It's a real privilege to be here to present the collective efforts of the humanitarian community which consists of course of appropriate government agencies, the UN agencies and programmes and NGOs, whether international or national NGOs
I'd like to start by posing some significant figures to show the scope of work that we have to deal with.
There are about 400,000 Afghans who are seriously affected by natural disasters.
Dr. SMA Fatimie, the Minister of Public Health disclosed a remarkable reduction in maternal and child mortality in Afghanistan. The child mortality rate was 257/1,000 live births in 2002. The findings of a new survey of National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) done by the Central Statistics Office and partners in 2007 to 2008 indicates that child mortality has come down to 161/1,000 live births, a 38% reduction in mortality rate.
According to a survey of Johns Hopkins University in 2006 a 26% reduction in child mortality was achieved between 2002 and 2006.
To help countries protect people from developing severe disease from pandemic influenza H1N1 infection, the World Health Organization (WHO) is coordinating the distribution of donated pandemic influenza vaccine to 95 countries. These countries were identified based on their vulnerability to pandemic influenza and their readiness and ability to use the vaccine for priority populations.
Regional Command - South
KANDAHAR, Afghanistan (December 17) - Representatives from hospitals across southern Afghanistan met at Kandahar Regional Military Hospital (KRMH) on December 12 to review the procedures in place for emergency medical care in the region.
The representatives noted the progress made at KRMH and how well the medical staff work together.
"All the folks were really impressed by the infrastructure, the equipment, and the Afghan military surgeons and health providers," said Maj.
Dr. Sayed Mohammad Amin Fatimie the Minister of Public Health (MoPH) officially launched the fourth round of Sub National Immunization Days (SNIDs) in 2009 by dropping polio vaccines to the mouth of a child.
Ending Violence Against Women: Violence against women is a major problem in Afghanistan, and many women and girls will fall victim to domestic violence during their lifetimes. USAID is supporting Afghanistan's Ministry of Women's Affairs (MoWA) in a coordinated effort to raise awareness about domestic violence and women's rights.
On November 25, Minister of Women's Affairs Hosn Bano Ghazanfar held a press conference to mark Elimination of Violence Against Women Day and distributed food to vulnerable women.