Note: Map production date estimated.
La Fédération Internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge lance une série d'activités de prévention à la méningite dans 14 pays d'Afrique afin de se préparer à ce qui pourrait être l'une des pires épidémies de méningite des dix dernières années. Ces actions répondent à la mise en garde lancée le 9 octobre dernier par l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé.
Les premiers signes d'une épidémie pourraient se manifester dès février-mars 2008.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is launching meningitis prevention activities in 14 countries in Africa to get ready for what could be one of the worst meningitis epidemics in a decade. The move came as a reaction to the warning given by the World Health Organization on October 9.
The first indications of an epidemic could appear as early as February-March 2008.
Note: Map production date estimated.
Part I: Operational Requirements and Shortfalls
Overview of the 2007 Programme of Work
As the end of 2007 nears, the number of people the World Food Programme is seeking to support has risen to 83 million. The amount of food assistance required to assist these people is valued at US$3.4 billion. Considering resources mobilized thus far in 2007, the current level of funding falls short by some US$653 million.
Additional resources amounting to approximately US$800 million are required before the end of 2007 to ensure uninterrupted food aid deliveries for ongoing activities.
WEST AFRICA FLOODS
The UN has allocated US $ 3.5 mn emergency response humanitarian assistance to Mali ( $ 1 mn), Ghana ( $ 2.5 mn) and Togo ( $1.4 mn). The grants are from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) created in 2006 by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
In Ghana, the Flash Appeal requests a total amount of US$9,913,136.
Each week, the World Health Organization Health Action in Crises in Geneva produces information highlights on the health aspects of selected humanitarian crises. Drawing on the various WHO programmes, contributions cover activities from field and country offices and the support provided by WHO regional offices and Headquarters.
The British Red Cross is sending relief experts to countries across East and West Africa as it launches its Africa Flood appeal to raise funds to help some of the most vulnerable people caught up in the severe flooding in the region.
More than one million people are affected across countries including Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Ghana, Togo and Burkina Faso. The unusually heavy rains have displaced cattle and destroyed crops leaving whole communities vulnerable and extremely short of food.
Pledges & contributions
The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is pleased to acknowledge the receipt of nine new contributions totalling $138,956,623.78 as of 2 May. The contributions were made by Antigua and Barbuda ($5,000), Azerbaijan ($20,000), France ($1,263,800), Liechtenstein ($123,243.78), Netherlands ($53,300,000), Portugal ($268,540), South Africa ($240,000), Sri Lanka ($10,000) and the United Kingdom ($83,726,040). Furthermore, Pakistan pledged 20,000 for 2007.
In addition to the planned vaccination of a further 600,000 people in the West African state of Burkina Faso, assessments are being carried out in a number of areas and teams are on alert in other countries where outbreaks are feared.
MSF and MSF Podcasts: During the past weeks, teams from Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) assisted in the vaccination of over 860,000 people against meningitis, a contagious and potentially fatal infection of the brain membrane.
These mass immunisation campaigns …
15.595 cas de méningite, faisant 1.670 morts, ont été recensés par l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) depuis deux mois dans quatre pays africains, le Burkina Faso, la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), le Soudan et l'Ouganda.
La RDC et l'Ouganda sont situés à l'extrémité sud de la zone appelée « la ceinture de la méningite » qui s'étend du Sénégal à l'Ethiopie et o=F9 vivent plus de 300 millions de personnes.
Dans le nord de l'Ouganda, 2961 cas, dont 105 décès, ont été enregistrés dans plusieurs zones.
- Hundreds of thousands vaccinated in mass campaigns -
Geneva - Two months into the dry season in the African "Meningitis Belt",15 595 cases including 1670 deaths have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) from four countries: Burkina Faso, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan and Uganda. Two of these countries, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are at the extreme south of the "Meningitis Belt," which stretches from Senegal in the West to Ethiopia in the East, an area with an estimated population of 300 million people.
Emergencies, in the form of natural disasters and new or protracted conflict, continued to extract a toll on the lives of children and women around the world. Massive flooding in the Horn of Africa and the multiple typhoons in South Asia were typical of the ever more frequent occurrence of floods, typhoons and earthquakes that have affected thousands of families in 2006. While in Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the occupied Palestinian territory, Sri Lanka and the Sudan, women and children continue to be impacted by the reverberating crossfire of conflict.
Les situations d'urgence, qu'elles prennent la forme de catastrophes naturelles ou de conflits, continuent d'avoir des conséquences dramatiques sur la vie des enfants et des femmes dans le monde. Les inondations massives dans la Corne de l'Afrique et les nombreux typhons en Asie du Sud illustrent la multiplication sans précédent des catastrophes naturelles qui ont touché des milliers de familles en 2006.
by Director General Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei
Science and technology are driving forces for human progress, and play key roles in development. When development needs remain unaddressed, the resulting misery often leads to conflicts and violence, which in turn further affect development efforts and impact on regional and global stability.
But even with globalization, many developing countries still receive scant benefit from recent advances in science and technology. This is because investment in science and technology normally follows the marketplace.