The Tuvalu National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) is based upon existing environmental information, reports and expert judgments, understanding gathered from community consultations and climate change awareness raising with each Island Falekaupule, and the national NAPA prioritization workshop on Funafuti.
This is the second edition of The Johns Hopkins and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Public Health Guide for Emergencies, a textbook that has been widely used in the classroom and the field. We are excited with the production of this second edition which captures both the experience of the Federation and the academic public health perceptions of Johns Hopkins University. We believe that the result of this partnership is an action book to help implementers built programs and activities on a solid footing.
Since June 2000, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) has supported the Nutrition Surveillance component of the FSAU to provide comprehensive understanding of the impact of the food security situation on nutritional status of the population of the country. FSAU has been conducting nutrition assessments in Somalia for the last seven years. During this time consistently high levels of acute malnutrition and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) have been reported in many parts of South and Central Somalia.
FSAU and partners conducted five nutrition surveys(1) in South Central Somalia in the last two weeks of November 2007. Results indicate sustained Critical levels of acute malnutrition in most areas, without any significant change from previous surveys conducted in the same areas. Quality checks using Nutrisurvey indicated the findings of all surveys were of an appropriate standard to publish.
Durante el mes de diciembre aumentó de nuevo la cifra de secuestros, a pesar de que el Gobierno declaró que la situación de seguridad había mejorado notablemente en el =FAltimo año. El Ejecutivo también anunció la creación del nuevo Consejo Electoral Provisional, cuya labor había generado mucha controversia en los =FAltimos años.
Polio Vaccination in Southern Sudan Over 2.7 Million under five children were vaccinated against polio
Polio National Immunization Days
Following the confirmation of importation of wild polio virus to South Darfur in October (Date of onset of paralysis on September 9), Southern Sudan conducted 2 rounds of NIDs in Oct/Nov and December. The NIDs in October were staggered in two phases- the first phase was conducted from 29-31 October 2007 and the second from 5-7 November 2007. The December round was conducted from 5-7.
1. Since Colonialism in Africa, the State (Ethiopia) has struggled for the liberty of all Africa as reflected in its role in the establishment of the OAU, whose principal purpose was eradication of colonialism. However, the international actions of the State were not matched by similar moves for the domestic protection of human and peoples' rights. For the most part, individual and collective rights in Ethiopia were neglected. Human rights violations were almost the norm. That is now past.
The Estonian Foreign Ministry is supporting the needy in Myanmar with 500,000 kroons, donated through the World Food Program (WFP).
According to Foreign Minister Urmas Paet, the humanitarian crisis and the blatant violation of human rights in Myranmar are very alarming. "According to UN data, one third of the nation's residents live below the poverty line," said Paet. "We hope that our small contribution, made through the WFP, can help to alleviate the situation for those in need," he added.
In the days immediately following the December 26, 2004, earthquake and subsequent tsunami, swift action by the U.S. government, in cooperation with other donors and private organizations, ensured critical needs for water and sanitation were met, thus preventing a secondary disaster-related health crisis from occurring.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other U.S.
This study was designed to assess the impact of stability resulting from the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on the most food insecure and nutritionally vulnerable areas and groups in southern Sudan and the Three Areas, and make recommendations about how Title II and Disaster Assistance (DA) resources should be used in addressing the prevailing food security issues.
The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH), in partnership with the Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation/the Central Organization for Statistics & Information Technology (COSIT) and the World Health Organization's Iraq office (WHO/Iraq) are pleased to present the preliminary report of the 2006/7 Iraq Family Health Survey (IFHS). This report summarizes the key findings of the survey which was conducted under the leadership of the MoH, COSIT, the Ministry of Health/Kurdistan region (MoHK) and the Kurdistan Regional Statistics Office (KRSO).
- Moderate rainfall was received in all pastoral and agro pastoral livelihood zones. Seasonal rainfall during the month virtually benefited the entire district.
- The quality and quantity of browse and pasture had improved virtually in the entire district as a result of the rains thus making satellite herds in the Boni forest to move northwards.
- Small, medium and large water pans contained fair quantities of water.
- In December 2007, the amount of rainfall received across the greater Turkana district was negligible. LODWAR meteorological station recorded a value of 0.5mm, which is lower than the value of 3.5mm recorded in November. This is far much lower than 8.0mm recorded for the same period of referenced (00- 04) year.
- Decline in quality and quantity of pasture has been noted at the lowland wet season grazing areas. The browse conditions have also deteriorated.
- The short rain season has just ended. The average amount of rainfall collected was 38 mm for 4 days.
District situation overview:
- There was no rainfall during the month under review with a mean temperature of over 35.0 C, indicating the onset of the dry season and end of short rain season.
- Availability of milk have improved slightly owing to improved pastures generated in the last rain season and the price of the milk per 750mm bottle reduced to Kshs 35 from kshs 60 /= in Wajir town and as low as 22 kshs in the rural areas, especially in areas like sarman,khorof harar,bute,danaba and Arbajahan.
- Pasture condition is fair to good in most parts of the district especially in …
Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones (Kirindon, Lolgorian and parts of Kilgoris & Pirrar divisions) -
- Recorded about 4 rainy days on average, similar to that of the previous month, not well spread in time and space. The water situation (for both livestock & people) was worsening. Milk production was low, attributed to the declining water and pasture levels.
- Pasture quantity was low and the livestock body condition was still fair. The trend was downward and similar to that of the previous months.
- The month marks the cessation of the Oct-Dec short rains, which have been gauged as below normal in some parts, mainly the marginal mixed faming livelihood zones. Crop performance ranged between good and poor, despite this being the season most depended upon.
- Forage availability and accessibility was normal in the month remained normal, whereby livestock gazed within the normal grazing grounds. Water situation however is abnormal in the marginal mixed farming livelihood zones of Kathagacini, Maragwa and Kanjoro where least amounts of rainfall were received.
- The district experienced some scattered showers in the month under review but was not sufficient to sustain meaningful crop growth or rejuvenate the already withered crops in most areas of the district.
- The district, however, had adequate pasture and natural vegetation during the month. Available pasture will last between 1 and two months
- Natural rivers, dams and pans were the main water sources in the last four weeks for both livestock and domestic use.
- The amount of rainfall received across the livelihood zones reduced
- The distribution was also less scattered compared to last month
- The rainfall received on average was 13.95mm compared to 32.5mm the previous month
- The rain season set in late and seems to have ended earlier than expected
- so far there no water conflicts and rivers remain the major water sources
- rainfall in the upper catchment zones has stabilized this condition
- food stocks are however reducing at the household level most farmers are in their second weeding …
- The District has not received any rainfall over the last month and is facing acute water shortage.