The Tuvalu National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) is based upon existing environmental information, reports and expert judgments, understanding gathered from community consultations and climate change awareness raising with each Island Falekaupule, and the national NAPA prioritization workshop on Funafuti.
This is the second edition of The Johns Hopkins and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Public Health Guide for Emergencies, a textbook that has been widely used in the classroom and the field. We are excited with the production of this second edition which captures both the experience of the Federation and the academic public health perceptions of Johns Hopkins University. We believe that the result of this partnership is an action book to help implementers built programs and activities on a solid footing.
1. Since Colonialism in Africa, the State (Ethiopia) has struggled for the liberty of all Africa as reflected in its role in the establishment of the OAU, whose principal purpose was eradication of colonialism. However, the international actions of the State were not matched by similar moves for the domestic protection of human and peoples' rights. For the most part, individual and collective rights in Ethiopia were neglected. Human rights violations were almost the norm. That is now past.
In 2007, the hitherto conflict affected northern and north eastern regions of Uganda witnessed further improvements in the security situation and peace as a result of the signing of the land mark Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lords Resistance Army (LRA) in August 2006. This resulted in massive population movements with over 90% of the 466,103 IDPs population in Lango subregion returning to their original home lands.
Cyclone Sidr (Category IV) with wind speeds of up to 240 kilometres per hour hit Bangladesh on 15 November causing significant damage to life, housing, livelihoods and productive infrastructure. WFP has responded with an emergency operation and is providing assistance in 9 of the worst affected districts.
The objectives of this WFP and Partners Food Security Assessment are to characterize the initial impact of the cyclone on household food security and livelihoods.
Recurrent drought following several poor rainy seasons has led to food insecurity and widespread malnutrition in the countries of the Horn of Africa region (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan). The public health and food security situation is poor. Poor nutrition, a rising number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and increasing incidence of other infectious diseases all contribute to high levels of morbidity and mortality in the subregion.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the specialized body within the United Nations organization (UN) with a specific mandate to address environmental concerns. In 1999, UNEP established the Balkans Task Force to study the environmental consequences of the conflict in Kosovo.
Palestinian living conditions in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) deteriorated further during the second half of 2007. Following Hamas's takeover of Gaza in mid-June, after several months of clashes with the rival Fatah movement, the Government of Israel (GoI) imposed a series of punitive measures, which caused major hardship for the 1.4 million residents. These included the closure of major crossing points, restrictions on the entry of 'non-humanitarian' goods and a de facto ban on exports, and reductions in power supplies.
This monograph examines the nature, extent, and causes of economic and social decline in Sri Lanka's Northern and Eastern Provinces-a region that has endured civil war between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for the past quarter century.
Caritas Jerusalem SOA 9 2006 project ends
In mid-November, Caritas Jerusalem completed the SOA 9 2006 project. This project has been an important part of the work that we have undertaken in 2006 and 2007 and we appreciate the support that it received. It was launched in response to the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the Holy Land.
- There were no rains received during the month under review.
- Water is available in most part of the district, although there are areas with stresses especially Karo,Farey,Bambo,Kubi onley,Garse,Kamor liban,Omar jillow,Ola,Chir chir,Elele,Kob adhadi,Sake,Guba,Kabo,Qarsa damo, and Tinfa.
- The main sources of water for the month of December were Earth pans, Boreholes, Underground water tanks, River Daua, and Shallows wells.
- On security issues there was conflict at Dusey near Jabibar where two peace elders were killed and four others persons killed at …
Overview- Key Issues
Update on Closure of Gaza Crossings
There was a slight increase in the number of goods allowed to enter Gaza in December compared to November. A total of 1,932 truckloads of goods, including 258 from humanitarian agencies entered Gaza compared to 1,813 in November. On 23 December, Sufa crossing, which was closed on 28 October, was re-opened for food and other commodities, though some exports had been allowed entry through Sufa prior to this on an ad hoc basis.
- The short rain season that set in early in the lowlands and the lower Parts of the plateau in late October and continued to the mid November, continued in some lowland areas particularly Wamba division in the course of the reporting month. The season's rains continue to be characterized by both poor temporal and spatial distribution and are generally light and erratic.
- Light showers continued in some parts of the district in the early part of the month under review.
- There is plenty of high quality forage in most parts of the district except the Northern divisions.
- 2,832 refugees affected by flooding at Tongogara camp in Eastern Zimbabwe.
- Floods in the Muzarabani (Zambezi Valley area) in northern Zimbabwe have stopped, according to the Government's Civil Protection Unit (CPU).
- Traditionally flood prone areas such as Tsholotsho (Matebeleland North), Masvingo, and Chikwarakwara (Matebeleland South) are being closely monitored by respective district civil protection committees.
- See map of flood prone areas in Zimbabwe in a separate attachment.
On 30 December 2007, UNHCR reported that about 2,832 …
- During the month of December, the most significant humanitarian issues were health concerns, particularly the outbreak of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. While the Ebola outbreak remained restricted to one district of western Uganda, it posed a source of grave concern and heightened surveillance countrywide.
Since June 2000, the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) has supported the Nutrition Surveillance component of the FSAU to provide comprehensive understanding of the impact of the food security situation on nutritional status of the population of the country. FSAU has been conducting nutrition assessments in Somalia for the last seven years. During this time consistently high levels of acute malnutrition and under 5 mortality rates (U5MR) have been reported in many parts of South and Central Somalia.
An insignificant shower was received during the month in the District; this resulted in no impact at all on the grazing resources and water sources. A total of 10.5 mm average rainfall was recorded from 1- ALRMP recording station only which reported rainfall.
As a result the quality and quantity of forage worsened and diminished greatly. Water availability for both human and livestock is inadequate. Body condition of livestock is fair mostly for cattle.
A health system under pressure
The demands on the Iraqi health system have increased considerably since 2003, including trauma and mental illness. Numerous reports document poor and generally deteriorating health. Collection of accurate health information is extremely difficult in a country described as currently the most violent and dangerous place on our planet (Global Peace Index 2007), but reputable studies suggest:
- High conflict-related mortality and morbidity (eg Burnham et al 2006, UNICEF 2007).
- During the month of December 2007, dry and hot weather condition prevailed; erratic showers were received in parts of Isenya (10.4 mm-5days), Namanga (25.0mm-4days); Upper Ngong (8.3mm-4days) and high potential areas of Loitokitok (80.0 mm-5days).
- Pastoral areas of Magadi, Loitokitok (Lenkism, parts of Mbirikani, and Kimana), Isenya, Ngong, Namanga, Central and Mashuru remained dry and hot.
- Water availability and accessibility remained poor; distance to and from watering points averaged 20-30km.