There have been many words used to describe the response to the tsunami: accountability, coordination, development, human rights, LRRD (Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development), local capacity, professionalism to name but a few. These words speak of the fundamental principles of humanitarian assistance, however they continue to represent the biggest challenges facing the international community.
Yet, despite these challenges, it is evident there has been a positive impact, not to mention significant improvements, as children and communities continue to recover.
The purpose of this technical document is to provide health professionals in United Nations agencies, nongovernmental organizations, donor agencies and local authorities with up-to-date technical guidance on the major communicable disease threats faced by flood-affected populations.
The endemic and epidemic-prone diseases outlined have been selected on the basis of the burden of morbidity and mortality in the region, as previously documented by WHO.
From the earliest reports of the terrible devastation caused by the earthquake and tsunami on 26 December 2004, it was clear to humanitarian organizations like Oxfam that we would be required to provide emergency response and reconstruction on an unprecedented scale.
The total death toll of 230,000 people told only part of the story. Nearly two million people were forced from their homes. Millions, too, saw their livelihoods wiped out or threatened. Many of those affected were already living in poverty.
Political and security developments
Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces with support from Ethiopian troops took over Mogadishu, Somalia's capital, the main southern port-town of Kismayo other locations in Central/Southern Somalia.
The two towns had previously been under the control of militia allied to the Council of Somali Islamic Courts (COSIC). The conflict has since resulted in attacks being launched by US forces on suspected terrorists in Somalia.
Paludisme: Semaine de mobilisation sociale en faveur de la lutte contre le paludisme
Le lancement officiel de la 6ème édi-tion de la semaine de mobilisation so-ciale en faveur de la lutte contre le pa-ludisme s'est déroulé cette année à Zinder à 905 Km à l'Est de Niamey.
La cérémonie officielle a été présidée le 14 décembre 2006, devant la cour du Sultan de Zinder, par le Président de l'Assemblée Nationale Mr Mahamane Ousmane en présence du Ministre de la Santé Publique, de la Ministre de la Population et de l'Action sociale, et de la Ministre de la Promotion de la …
This study investigates the role and performance of Palestinian NGOs (PNGOs) as service providers in three sectors - health, education and agriculture.
Uíje, 12/31 - A total of 93,119 children received vaccination against various diseases this year in routine campaigns at Negage district, some 37 kilometres of Uije city, northern Angolan province, under the Broad Vaccination Programme (PAV), Angop learnt.
According to PAV supervisor in Negage, Henrique Augusto, 39,781 children received poliomyelitis vaccine, 31.050 against blindness, 18.107 against measles and 1.581 against tuberculosis, in various districts of the province.
Five years ago, in the immediate post-conflict period, Afghanistan's health services were in a deplorable state. Based on relatively scant information available at the time, the situation appeared chaotic. Capacity in both public and private sectors was quite limited and the outlook for the future was unclear.
3. Disaster Response
In 2006, Latin Americ and the Caribbean were spared major disasters of the magnitude of Tropical Storm Stan (2005) or Hurricane Ivan (2004). However, many other emergency situations posed serious concerns and required substantial technical support from PAHO/WHO. A review of these situations in which PAHO worked with member states to respond to pressing health issues is provided below.
Unusually high seasonal rainfall at the end of 2005 caused widespread flooding in several Regions of Guyana in early 2006.
The current situation in Somalia, with the recent flooding in parts and the displacement as a result of the current conflict, is likely to have a negative impact on the nutritional status of the vulnerable groups.
Until 2005, the humanitarian crisis in the Central African Republic (CAR) was one of the world's most neglected emergencies. International attention began to rise in 2006 when the security situation severely deteriorated in the North. Maternal and childhood health is still characterized by poor indicators: under-five mortality is 220 per 1000, while registered maternal mortality is one of the highest in Africa: 1355 deaths per 100 000 live births. The HIV/AIDS prevalence among pregnant women is estimated at about 15%. The immunization coverage remain below 50%.
The situation in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas of the country during the Sugum/Gu rains of 2006 showed mixture of normal to below normal performance. This had been the actual occurrence in Somali and Afar regions, South Omo Zone of SNNPR and Borena Zone of Oromiya that constitute the vast pastoralist communities.
Health indicators in Burundi continue to feature among the worst in the world. Malaria remains one of the main public health concerns, with a mortality rate of 47% among children under five. Maternal mortality is as high as 855 deaths per 100 000 live births. Moreover, cholera and meningitis epidemics occur within regular intervals with thousands of cases to be confirmed and treated.
Attached below is the ninth joint UN agency North East situation monitoring report. This report is intended to give an overview of the current situation in the North East by tracking the trends of various conflict-sensitive indicators.
Release # 2006-415
KABUL, Afghanistan (31 December) - On 29 December, ISAF's Regional Command Capital (RC-C) French medical team, in co-operation with the local doctor, held a clinic for the people of Kariz e Mir village, Kabul province.
As the medical team held their clinic, the French Civil-Military Co-operation (CIMIC) team delivered medicine to the village. The team also donated a sewing machine, bulks of cloth and material to support the village sewing business.
No Special Distribution for the New Years Festive Season
All parts of the district continued to report some rains. During the month, the rainfall figures from the existing stations recorded a minimum of 80mm. The coastal areas however reported above normal rains during the month.
There is a remarkable improvement on the water situation as all the water sources have accumulated substantial amounts of water.
The vegetation quality is rated fair as pasture has regenerated while browse and large trees sprouted and turned green in all parts of the district.
Breaches of the ceasefire provisions of the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) continued in November and December. November saw the build up of militia rumoured to be supported by the Government of Sudan (GoS) and increased fighting between rebel groups.
- Over 2,26 million children vaccinated against Polio during the last round of National Immunization Days (NIDS) with a coverage of 99.2%.
- Guinea Worm survey conducted by Polio NIDS volunteers among targeted children
WHO delegation visits Juba
Senior WHO officers from the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) and the WHO Representative of Sudan visited Juba, Southern Sudan from December 6 to 9, 2006 to liaise with the Ministry of Health of the Government of Southern Sudan and be updated on the activities of WHO Southern Sudan.
A number of airfields have reopened after a week of suspension due to fighting
WHO is stepping up support to health facilities with war victims
Cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Kismayo have decreased with only three new cases reported per day.
Continued monitoring of Rift valley fever though rumors of reported cases were not accurate.
The situation in Mogadishu is still tense with reported lootings and killings according to various reports
Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohamad Gedi declared on 30 December 2006 that parliament would introduce a …