Humanitarianism is concerned with the universal
right of all people to live without being subjected to violent, cruel,
inhumane or degrading treatment or conditions. There is widespread evidence
that these rights are being denied more than ever before particularly amongst
those fleeing conflict and violence. At the same time many are demanding
a greater levels of accountability and performance measurements from implementing
agencies. This issue offers a look into developing minimum performance
standards in humanitarian relief.
Because of the risk of abuse, some essential
drugs are under strict international control. The export-import control
measures applicable to narcotic drugs, for example, make the timely international
transportation of opioid analgesics to sites of emergencies virtually impossible.
Face to this difficulty, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International
Narcotics Control Board (INCB) agreed that there was an urgent need to
find a practical solution to this problem.
This report argues for the importance for international
relief workers to have solid background knowledge about the characteristics
of modern conflict as well the social, cultural and historical dimensions
of its impact in the particular locality. It offers the following chapters:
- Epidemiology of modern conflict
- Collective experience of war and its socio-cultural dimensions
- Social construction of traumatic events
- Critique of psychosocial trauma projects for war-affected populations
- Basic principles for interventions
These guidelines provide an outline of basic
contraceptive logistics management principles and procedures for use by
program managers in camps for refugees or displaced persons.
The guide seeks to help program managers design and implement a simple contraceptive logistics system in refugee camps where family planning programs are just beginning and can improve the system in a camp where family planning programs are underway.