Drawing on examples from Cambodia, Ethiopia
and Uganda, this paper attempts to redefine the rehabilitation task in
situations of 'post'-conflict transition.
The paper argues that direct effects of military action on the social sector are less significant than the indirect effects of political, economic and social changes underlying and precipitated by conflict, and thereby for rehabilitation to go beyond reconstruction and tackle the root causes of instability.
These guidelines seek to enable governments
and cooperating agencies, including UN agencies and NGOs, to adopt measures
necessary to prevent the rapid epidemic spread of HIV in emergency situations,
and to care for those already affected. For this purpose, it looks at the
- Why is HIV/AIDS a priority in emergencies?
- Importance of advocacy
- Stages of an emergency
- Essential minimum package
- Mobilization of the minimum package
- HIV/AIDS-related human rights and ethics during emergencies
These guidelines provide a primer on when and
how sexual violence can occur in the refugee context and the physical,
psychological and social effects it can have on those exposed.
Addressing ways to combat the occurrence of sexual violence and how to respond when incidents occur, the guidelines emphasise the need for education, training and information campaigns as well as the need for legal awareness training, leadership and skills training, and education.
With stress management becoming an increasingly
important factor in the adequate preparation of UN peace-keepers, this
document aims to provide a basic framework for professional stress management
trainers. It offers two main parts:
Part One: Most essential elements required for trainers dealing with stress in UN peace-keeping operations. Focuses on the phases before, during and after a peace-keeping assignment with specific
emphasis on traumatic, or critical-incident, stress.
Part I: Tips for trainers
- Pre-deployment training
- Potential stress in peace-keeping missions
- Special unit preparations for traumatic mission areas
- Post-mission atress management training