This Toolkit is intended to guide humanitarian programme managers and healthcare providers to ensure that sexual and reproductive health interventions put into place both during and after a crisis are responsive to the unique needs of adolescents.
Hundreds of millions of people worldwide live in areas affected by armed conflict and man-made crises. These crises have various negative effects on health, ranging from deaths and trauma due to military actions to subtler, indirect consequences such as an increased risk of infectious diseases as a result of various risk factors brought about by war.
Why dead bodies do not cause epidemics
Wherever a natural disaster causes large numbers of deaths, one of the distressing questions facing rescue workers is always "How do we deal with the dead?"
Surprisingly, the answer is "Don’t rush!" Contrary to popular belief, dead bodies are a negligible health hazard. After a disaster, the top priority is to look after the living. Rushing to bury the dead diverts resources away from rescue efforts and can make it impossible to identify bodies later.
- Access limitations and attacks on aid operations continue
- 2010 Humanitarian Action Plan launched on 30 November
- Winter response ongoing; no major gaps reported
- Conflict-induced displacements in South, East, Western regions
- Civilian casualties unchanged despite onset of winter
Since the beginning of the implementation of the Humanitarian Reforms in September 2005, WHO and partners have been working together both at the global/regional and country levels to improve the effectiveness, predictability and accountability of humanitarian health action.
Ce rapport concerne les Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest ayant reçu des subventions du Fonds Central d'Intervention d'Urgence des Nations Unies.
- Heavy downpours characterised this month's rainfall in the district, resulting in an average amount of 73.9mm of rainfall being recorded for an average 6.2 days compared to last month's 115.9 mm.
- Pasture improved greatly due to the rains, making distances to grazing areas also reduce by 38.1%. Livestock trekked shorter distances to graze, improving their body condition.
- Household access to water remained relatively easy compared to last month as they only had to walk a distance of 1.3km compared to last month's distance of 1.2km.
- he district received 35.2 mm of rainfall on average compared to 42.85 mm received in October. The amount was 63.17 per cent below the long-term mean average of 106.7 mm.
- The district received some rains, with Matuga recording 89 mm in 9 days, Msambweni recording 43.1mm in 7 days while Kinango received 86mm for 4 days. This was lower than the average expected trend of 2006 - 2008.
- The pasture quality and quantity was good due to the light showers received often.
- The livestock body condition was good because the pasture condition was good and water was available. No livestock from neighboring provinces was in the district.
- Pans, dams, other sources and boreholes remained the main sources of water in the district.
- The general drought condition across all the livelihood zones is rated alert/alarm and improving.
- The district continued to receive some erratic showers reported in all the livelihood zones.
- The water condition remained favorable as most of the traditional water sources continued to hold adequate amounts of water.
- The condition of natural vegetation continued to be favourable as most of the areas across the livelihood zones reported improved pasture and browse conditions.
- The livestock body and health conditions recovered from the effects of the …
- There were some rains recorded during the first week of December although the intensity was less compared to the previous month.
- Rainfall continued being received with low intensity in localised areas, especially in Wajir central, Wajir Bor, Bute and Boji areas.
- The district received an average of 161mm of rainfall during the month.
- Water scarcity ceased.
- All livestock have appreciated in value while food prices reduced drastically, more so for pulses. First and early harvesting of pulses and short duration maize were available in hilly masses.
- Farmers engaged mainly in weeding during the month.
- Heavy rains were received in all parts of the district, which resulted into floods in most part of the district towards the end of the month.
- Pasture condition improved due to the recent rains in the district.
- The Greater Turkana district received very good amount of rainfall towards the end the month.
- The quality and quantity of pasture and browse in wet season grazing areas improved moderately.
- The average walking distance to and from water sources has reduced from 3.3 km recorded in November to 3.0 km.
- The body condition of most livestock species improved compared to the previous month.
- During the month of December the rains resumed and they are heavy.
As the year of 2009 came to a close, large segments of the Palestinian civilian population in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), in particular those living in the Gaza Strip, in Area C of the West Bank and in East Jerusalem, continued to endure a serious crisis of human dignity.
December marked one year since the start of Israel's "Cast Lead" military offensive on the Gaza Strip, one of the most violent episodes in recent Palestinian history.
- Moderate to intense rainfall was received in most parts of Loitokitok, Kajiado and Ngong districts during the last dekad of the month.
- Rains were reported in most parts of the district during the first week of the month. Spatial and temporal distribution was fair.
- Pasture and browse improvement was noted in all livelihood zones. Enhancement of pasture in the Agro-pastoral livelihood was as a result of inaccessibility due to insecurity in the area.
- Then month was the wettest during the short rains season, with heavy downpours experienced in the last two weeks in most parts of Tharaka North and Tharaka south districts. Such heavy rains are not normal for this month which marks cessation of October- December short rains. The ongoing rains may affect the quality of then mature crop in the field.
- Except for beans, crop performance was fairly good in all livelihood zones and harvesting of pulses such as green grams, beans and cowpeas was ongoing. Cereals were at grain filling and milk stages.