On 1 August 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the town of Mangina, Mabalako Health Zone, North Kivu Province. Confirmed cases have since between reported from Beni and Mandima health zones, Ituri Province; however, all confirmed exposures and transmission events to date have been linked back to the outbreak epi-centre, Mangina.
Suite à la notification, le 1er août 2018, d’une nouvelle flambée de maladie à virus Ebola dans la province du Nord-Kivu, en République démocratique du Congo, l’OMS a réalisé une évaluation formelle rapide des risques qui a démontré que le risque pour la santé publique est élevé au niveau régional. Cette évaluation tenait compte du fait qu’avec huit millions d’habitants, le Nord-Kivu est l’une des provinces les plus peuplées du pays. Le Nord-Kivu est limitrophe de quatre autres provinces (Ituri, Sud-Kivu, Maniema and Tshopo) ainsi que de l’Ouganda et du Rwanda.
Le vaste réseau de volontaires de la Croix-Rouge du Burundi est mis à contribution dans la mise en œuvre du plan de contingence contre la maladie à virus d’Ebola. Ainsi,les volontaires de la Branche de Kayanza ont procédé, le 11 août 2018, à l’installation des tentes à la frontière burundo-rwandaise.
Since the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) was declared on 1 August 2018, a total of 66 cases were reported, consisting of 39 confirmed EVD cases and 27 probable cases. In addition, there are 36 suspected cases which are being investigated. 42 deaths are reported. Over 1 000 contacts of confirmed and/or probable EVD cases have been identified and are being followed-up. The Ministry of Health (MoH) of the DRC initiated a prompt national and international mobilisation jointly with the World Health Organisation (WHO).
The situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the world’s most complex and challenging yet forgotten crises. As of 30 June 2018, 781,697 Congolese refugees are being hosted in African countries.
From 1 January to 30 June 2018 alone, some 112,401 Congolese fled to neighboring countries, with a particularly significant increase in refugee flows to Uganda,
Burundi and Zambia.
In June, UNHCR biometrically registered 1,372 Burundian refugees, and 313 newly-arrived South Sudanese refugees.
The relocation and biometric registration of some 12,000 refugees residing in highly insecure border areas of Dungu Territory (Haut-Uélé Province) was a pressing priority but remained on hold due to the lack of funding and questions relating to the area of their relocation.
Following the declaration on 1 August 2018 of a new Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, WHO conducted a formal rapid risk assessment, which determined that the public health risk for this outbreak is high at the regional level. This assessment took into consideration that, with eight million inhabitants, North Kivu is one of the most densely populated provinces in the country. North Kivu borders four other provinces (Ituri, South Kivu, Maniema and Tshopo), as well as Uganda and Rwanda.
1. Situation update
The Ministry of Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, WHO and partners are responding to a new Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the eastern North Kivu Province. On 6 August 2018, the INRB confirmed that the current outbreak is caused by a distinct Ebolavirus (EBOV) strain, different from the one that caused the outbreak in Equateur Province in May-July 2018. This means that, although both events are caused by Zaire Ebolavirus species, the two outbreaks are not connected.
Humanitarian needs continue despite reports of IDP returns to areas of origin in Ituri
Acute food insecurity persists in conflict-affected areas of DRC
Relief organizations respond to new Ebola outbreak in North Kivu
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
Total Refugees 2.5M
Total IDPs in Burundi 187,0262
Total Burundi Returnees 30,088
1.5M Children (59%)
112,216 Children (60%)
During the month of July 2018, 9,154 persons from South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi and other countries, arrived in Uganda—the majority from DRC. The humanitarian situation remains unpredictable in South Sudan, DRC and Burundi.
Refugees from South Sudan report fleeing primarily out of fear of being killed by fighters from either side of the conflict inside the country, while those from DRC report interethnic clashes and fears related to the upcoming elections.
Le 1er août 2018, le Ministère de la santé de la République démocratique du Congo a déclaré une nouvelle flambée de maladie à virus Ebola dans la province du Nord-Kivu, dans l’est du pays. Le Nord-Kivu est l’une des provinces les plus peuplées du pays. Limitrophe de l’Ouganda et du Rwanda, elle est en proie aux conflits et à l’insécurité – plus d’un million de personnes ont été déplacées à l’intérieur du pays et des réfugiés sont accueillis dans les pays voisins.
On 1 August 2018, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease in North Kivu Province, in the eastern part of the country. North Kivu is among the most populated provinces in the country, shares borders with Uganda and Rwanda, and experiences conflict and insecurity, with over one million internally displaced people and migration of refugees to neighbouring countries.
• On 8 August 2018, the Minister of Health visited Mangina to launch the Ebola vaccination, as a core strategy for the response. The vaccination will start with front line workers and contacts in the affected areas. UNICEF leads in the communication aspect of the vaccination.
More than 500 women and girls die in emergency settings every day due to complications arising from pregnancy and childbirth (UNFPA, 2018, p. 3). In 2017, an estimated 535 million children (nearly one in four of the world’s children) lived in countries affected by emergencies (UNICEF, 2017). This report provides examples of organisations working in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) in emergency settings and some key technical resources.
396,058 BURUNDIAN REFUGEES HOSTED IN THE REGION AS OF MAY 2018
434,000 BURUNDIAN REFUGEES PROJECTED TO BE HOSTED IN THE REGION BY THE END OF 2018
US$ 391M FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS IN 2018
27 PARTNERS INVOLVED IN 2018
The 2017 JAM sought to assess in particular issues of refugee dependence on food assistance, issues of targeting and vulnerability, the capacity of refugees to meet their own food needs through livelihood opportunities and the suitability of cash based transfers to meet refugees’ food needs.
Le 28 juillet 2018, la Division provinciale de la santé du Nord-Kivu a notifié au Ministère de la santé de la République démocratique du Congo un groupe de cas présumés de fièvre hémorragique aiguë. Le 1er août 2018, l’Institut national de recherche biomédicale (INRB) à Kinshasa a indiqué que quatre des six échantillons collectés sur des patients hospitalisés avaient donné un résultat positif à la PCR automatisée GeneXpert.
396,058 Total refugees from Burundi in four main hosting countries (United Republic of Tanzania, Rwanda, the DRC, and Uganda), as of 31 May 2018.
6,198 Burundian refugees assisted to return from the United Republic of Tanzania in May 2018, totalling 16, 986 assisted to return to date in 2018.
620 Burundian refugee arrivals /registrations recorded in May 2018. As of 31 May 2018, there has been 4,748 Burundian refugees’ arrivals in the region.
Highlights and Operational Context