Tropical Storm Maria formed in the central Atlantic Ocean and is the tenth most intense on record. At its peak, the hurricane caused catastrophic damage and numerous fatalities across the north-eastern Caribbean, and is considered to be the worst natural disaster on record in Dominica. It also caused catastrophic damage in Puerto Rico.
Written by Tristan Rayner, 02-11-2017
In areas where supplies are scarce and infrastructure non-existent, could Field Ready's 3D printed solutions be the future of effective humanitarian aid?
Disaster relief is always a challenge, with humanitarian efforts hampered and people left isolated and displaced. Electricity and fresh water are scarce, while aid can take days or even weeks to arrive in disaster zones via fragmented supply chains. Infrastructure is often non-existent.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
13 Days that changed the Caribbean
SYNOPSIS OF HURRICANE MARIA
Maria, the 13th named hurricane of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season, became a category 5 hurricane near the Leeward Islands on Monday September 18 th, 2017. Hurricane Maria impacted Dominica at approximately 9:35pm on September 18 th as an extremely strong hurricane with wind speeds of 155 mph.
Maria then impacted St. Kitts and Nevis and Antigua and Barbuda on September 19th, 2017 and the Virgin Islands September 19 – 20, 2017.
More than 10 countries and territories were directly affected as Hurricane Irma ravaged the Caribbean and later the coastal states in the U.S.. The International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) reports various levels of damages and needs in Antigua and Barbuda, British, Dutch and French Antilles, the Bahamas, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Saint Kitts and Nevis, the United States and territories, among others. Beside, Hurricane María affected recently Dominica and Puerto Rico.
Hurricane Maria, a category 3 storm, is passing over Puerto Rico. Winds as high as 115 mph have uprooted trees and heavy rain is causing major flooding throughout the island’s interior.
The storm is expected to leave widespread structural damage in its wake, and the entire island was reportedly without power on Wednesday afternoon.
The loss of power presents a range of health risks. Patients on dialysis and other forms of life support are at grave risk if their medical equipment powers down.
Hurricane Irma first made landfall on the northeast Caribbean islands during the early hours local time of 6 September. Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico, St Barthélemy, St. Martin, Sint Maarten, Turks and Caicos, and the US Virgin Islands were all affected. 169,000 people and 75,000 buildings were exposed to wind speeds higher than 252km/h. 5.5 million people lived in areas exposed to winds in excess of 120km/h. At least 37 people have been reported dead.
After weathering Hurricane Irma just days ago, residents in the Caribbean are bracing for yet another potentially destructive threat gathering strength in the Atlantic.
Hurricane Maria has intensified to a Category 3 storm and is expected to gain strength to a Category 4 before making landfall in Puerto Rico on Wednesday. Maria’s first landfall is expected to occur Monday night on the islands of Dominica and Martinique.
This bulletin is being issued for information only; it reflects the current situation and details available at this time. Information bulletins no.1, 2, 3 and 4 are available here. This will be the last information update specifically related to Hurricane Irma.
SYNOPSIS OF HURRICANE IRMA
Humanitarian actors have been forced to shift gears from response to Irma to prepare for “potentially catastrophic ” category 5 hurricane, Maria .
Heavy rainfall could cause flash floods and mudslides in islands recovering from Irma’s onslaught such as Sint Maarten, Barbuda and Anguilla. Evacuation centres are being prepared.
More than 2.1 million people in Cuba have been targeted by a US$ 55. 8 million Plan of Action to provide assistance to the most affected by Irma.
(New York 17 September 2017): The Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, today allocated US$10 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to enable humanitarians to help tens of thousands of people in need of assistance following the devastating category five storm, Hurricane Irma.
• Shortage of food and potable water in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos - some of the most affected by Hurricane Irma continues to be of concern.
• A Regional Response Plan (RRP) to raise US$ 27 million to address the urgent needs of the most vulnerable people affected by Hurricane Irma was launched on 15 September.
• Severely limited communications are hampering the coordination of relief supplies in Turks and Caicos and increasing anxiety among people.
• El 12 de septiembre Irma se ha disipó en el sureste de Estados Unidos y ya no es una amenaza para las islas del Caribe.
• Anguila, Antigua y Barbuda, San Martin / St Maarten, Las Islas Vírgenes Británicas y las Islas Turcos y Caicos son las más afectadas. Las necesidades críticas de suministros y soporte se están solucionando día y noche.
• En República Dominicana y Haití, las autoridades locales están gestionando la respuesta y la restauración de las actividades normales en las zonas afectadas con recursos locales.
• Irma has dissipated over the south-eastern United States on 12 September and is no longer a threat to islands in the Caribbean.
• Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, St Martin/St Maarten, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos are the most affected islands. Critical needs in supplies and support are being addressed around the clock.
• In the Dominican Republic and Haiti, local authorities are managing response and restoration to normal activities in the affected areas with local resources.
Main conclusions and options for response
After making landfall in the United States bringing heavy rains and high winds to the coast of Florida, Irma downgraded to a tropical storm as it moves northward affecting Georgia
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the United States reports 586 shelters housing 192,000 occupants in Florida and 92 shelters housing 7,095 occupants in Georgia
Almost 6 million people in the United States are without power