A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster
During January, February, March and April 2017, the ICRC delegation in Kyrgyzstan continued assisting victims of violence, visiting detainees and providing improved access to basic health care. We also helped the Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan boost its capacity to respond to violence and other emergencies, to restore family links and to promote fundamental humanitarian values
Here is an overview of our work from January to April 2017.
Improving the treatment of detainees:
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
BISHKEK/JALAL-ABAD, Kyrgyzstan, 12 April 2017 – To improve child and mother survival, UNICEF and the Ministry of Health continue the implementation of the project “For Advancing Peace through Enhanced Maternal and Child Healthcare in Conflict-prone Regions” funded by the Government of Japan.
Kyrgyzstan is one of the 24 low middle-income countries and 64 countries in the world that has reached the goal on decreasing child mortality by more than two thirds since 1990. According to UNICEF’s global report, “Promise renewed” the mortality of children has decreased from 65 per 1,000 livebirths in 1990 to 21 per 1,000 live births in 2015. The annual rate has decreased by 4.5%.
A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Osh oblast (province) of the Kyrgyz Republic on 17 November 2015 causing mostly damageto houses. In total six districts were affected: Alay, Aravan, Chong-Alay, Kara-Kulja, Kara-Suu, and Ozgon,. The epicenter was registered in Karasu district . Several aftershocks followed over the next few days, the biggest of which had a magnitude of 5.1M registered on 20 November 2015 at 10:45. Based on results of Ministry of Emergency Situations’ (MoES) damage assessment over 3 000 houses damaged and more than 16 000 people affected in 6 districts of Osh region.
Bishkek, June 3 / Kabar /. 95% of population in Kyrgyzstan vaccinated against measles and rubella. Deputy Minister of Health, Chief Sanitary Doctor Oleg Gorin said today at a press conference. According to his data, more than 2 million Kyrgyz citizens had immunization. "From the beginning of the year 20 thousand 670 suspected measles were registered in Kyrgyzstan. In order to stabilize the epidemiological situation of measles in all regions national immunization campaigns were conducted. Mass vaccination was carried out among those aged 1 to 20 years.
Bishkek, June 3 / Kabar /. Kyrgyzstan managed to localize outbreaks of measles and rubella. Deputy Minister of Health, Chief Sanitary Doctor Oleg Gorin said today at a press conference. The first case of measles was registered on May 12, 2014 in Chui oblast, it was imported from Kazakhstan. The outbreak started in late 2014. In general, there were more than 20 thousand cases of suspected measles and rubella. Through national immunization campaign against measles and rubella we could localize the outbreak. At the moment, 95% of the population have been vaccinated, said Oleg Gorin.
Bishkek, May 12 / Kabar /. The first round of the national immunization campaign against measles in Kyrgyzstan has been successful. Chief doctor of the Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of Bishkek Arthur Buyuklyanov said during the press conference at Kabar Agency.
"I can say for sure that the campaign was a success, it has led to good results and was effective. In this regard, the incidence of measles reduced in dozens of times," he said.
Bishkek, May 12 / Kabar /. The second round of the National Immunization Campaign against measles and rubella has begun in Kyrgyzstan, director of the center for immunization Joldosh Kalipov said during the press conference at Kabar Agency.
Bishkek, May 4 / Kabar /. The second phase of measles immunization will be held in Jalal-Abad from 12 to 23 May. Director of the center for immunization Joldosh Kalilov said during a meeting with Minister of Health Talantbek Batyraliev. According to the press service of the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic, during the meeting they discussed readiness for measles vaccination in the southern region of the republic. According to data as of May 1, 2015, 1 thousand 787 cases of suspected cases of measles registered in Jalal-Abad oblast.
During the period from January to December 2014, the Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan (RCSK) continued the implementation of its programmes in the following main directions: Disaster Management (DM), Health, Social Programmes, and Organizational Development (OD). Out of mentioned above areas, three ones were supported through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) – DM, Health and OD. The RCSK’s Social programmes are supported by donor National Societies (PNSs) on a bilateral basis.
Osh, April 15 / Kabar /. 94 children infected with measles in Osh in the first quarter of 2015. Head physician of the sanitary-epidemiological center of Osh Uulkan Karataeva told. According to her data, 77 of them are infants under 1 year and 17 children aged 1 to 4 years. At the moment, special teams are formed in Osh to vaccinate children. Recall that recently in the city of Osh 23 medical students of Osh State University were infected with measles and were hospitalized.
In response to a large-scale measles outbreak, Kyrgyzstan will initiate a mass measles vaccination campaign on 16 March 2015, targeting over 2 million people aged 1–20 years in the country. The outbreak, which began in early 2014, has caused over 11 300 suspected cases to date and continues to increase by 120–250 suspected cases every day. The first phase of the campaign focuses on 7–20-year-olds in the capital city of Bishkek and in Chui Oblast, which are the age group and areas most affected.
In a follow-up to report 10 days ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports that between 1 January 2014 and 1 March 2015, WHO received notification of over 23,000 cases of measles in the WHO European Region. The most affected country is Kyrgyzstan with over 7,000 cases reported in just the first seven weeks of 2015. Significant numbers of measles cases have also been reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Germany, Italy, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation and Serbia.
In response to a large-scale measles outbreak, Kyrgyzstan will initiate a mass measles vaccination campaign on 16 March 2015, targeting over 2 million people aged 1–20 years in the country. The outbreak, which began in early 2014 has caused over 11 300 suspected cases to date and continues to increase by 120–250 suspected cases each day.
Bishkek, February 17 / Kabar /. 291 people have been hospitalized in Bishkek because of measles. Chief doctor of the Republican Hospital for Infectious Diseases Gulzhigit Aaliev told the correspondent of Kabar Agency. Measles outbreak has begun in Kyrgyzstan in December 2014. The epidemiological situation of measles is under the control of the Ministry of Health. The Ministry reports that, national immunization of the population against measles among those aged from 1 year to 20 years will start in the country in March.
Osh, January 26 / Kabar /. Seven cases of suspected measles registered in the city of Osh from 19 to 22 January. Acting chief physician of the state sanitary-epidemiological center Aichurok Keldibekova said at a meeting of the city of Osh city leaders. The most of them are children. Measures have been taken to prevent the spread of the disease in all schools, kindergartens, said Keldibekova. The Osh Mayor’s Office formed a headquarters to prevent the spread of the disease.
Bishkek, January 24 / Kabar /. UNICEF is ready to provide assistance to the Ministry of Health to prevent the spread of measles.