- ORHA will start with April salary payments
to civil servants throughout the country on 24 May.
- WHO reports that assessments by sentinel
sites indicate that 60% of all consultations in Baghdad, and 35% of all
consultations in Mosul during the past week were diarrhoea cases.
- UNICEF and CARE water and sanitation
monitoring programme in 14 governorates in the central and southern parts
of the country found that out of 177 water treatment plants, 19% were classified
as good; 55% were acceptable; and 26% were poor.
- The UN's Emergency Relief Coordinator,
Mr. Kenzo Oshima, visited Baghdad and Basrah, on 16 and 17 May.
- UNICEF Executive Director, Ms. Carol
Bellamy visited Iraq this weekend.
- All UN missions to Kirkuk are suspended
temporarily as the violence increases.
- On 18 May, the first shipment of drugs
and supplies from Kimadia/Baghdad to the three northern governorates was
Improvements in security and the establishment of a salary payment system to public servants are key issues of concern.
- KEY DEVELOPMENTS
There are unconfirmed reports from Kirkuk, Jalawla and Khanaqeen that many Arab families are under pressure to leave these areas due to insecurity. In some villages near Jalawla families are already reported to be displaced, many of whom are extremely poor and have no alternative places to settle.
The UN staff on stand-by to return to northern Iraq plan to depart Larnaca on 23 April via Turkey and will proceed across the border by road, 24 April.
Baghdad - The International NGOs present in Baghdad created an independent committee for the coordination of their activities in Iraq.
The humanitarian platform carried out assessments of several hospitals in Baghdad. The results indicate that Baghdad health facilities do not have adequate power and water, while drug supply is acceptable.
Health facilities have been seriously affected by looting particularly in Baghdad. Due to unstable security conditions, medical staff are not coming to work forcing a number of the hospitals to close their doors to patients. The problems with water and electricity supply could potentially lead to breakouts of epidemics.
UNICEF warns that the increase in diarrhoeal diseases in Umm Qasr could result in more cases of malnutrition.
The overall security situation in Basrah is improving.
In Baghdad, the water supply situation is critical, as a result of reduced water pressure in the network. Most hospitals and water installations are powered by back-up generators.
DART and coalition forces report that 200 residents looted the Umm Qasr port area on 2 April. Efforts are underway to enable water system workers to access the water treatment plants.
A UN assessment of Umm Qasr was conducted 4 April. The situation is stable. The food situation is normal but there are water and vaccine shortages, a situation which pre-dates the war. The hospital in Umm Qasr is receiving 200-300 patients per week but it has a three-month supply of most essential drugs. According to the DART which revisited Umm Qasr, there is a greater circulation of people on the streets, around 75% of the town is now supplied with electricity and water distribution has improved. A second UN assessment is underway today.
Water: Water treatment plants Anbar; south of Baghdad; and Babylon are operating at 40-50% of their capacity due to power cuts. In Erbil, water contamination increased. In Basrah, additional three back-up generators are operating at Wafa' al Qaed pumping station.
Food situation in Basrah: WFP confirmed that there is no food crisis in Basrah.
Turkey lifted transportation taxes: GoT lifted the taxation on foreign vehicles which carry goods or passengers for Iraq humanitarian operations.
UNOPS has begun an assessment of IDPs to establish a reliable figure of all IDPs currently in the three northern governorates.
In Iran, there are constraints on the UN agencies' ability to monitor the situation of the whole border, due to presence of mines and unexploded ordnance in military zones and adjacent areas. According to the UNDP mine assessment, sites in Mehran and Khosravi cannot be regarded as being acceptable for refugees unless clearance is undertaken.
Health: There are no reports of any infectious disease outbreaks throughout Iraq. Despite an increase workload, hospitals in the Centre/South have been able to cope. Water shortage is the major constraint.
Security: Several reports of violence against the UK and US installations in Cyprus. Anti-war demonstrations and acts of violence continue throughout the region. There was a false bomb threat to UN offices in Kuwait.
Jordan: An estimated 6000 Iraqi nationals returned home from Jordan with the help of Iraqi Embassy.
Food Security: High prices of food commodities in northern Iraq together with insufficient household food stocks will soon have an impact on food security for the most vulnerable. The local authorities (LAs) in Erbil governorate criticised the UN through the media for not completing food distributions.
Humanitarian Situation: ICRC reports that telephone connections to Iraq are deteriorating thus exacerbating the difficulty in gathering reliable information regarding the humanitarian situation.