1. Housing and Human Settlements
The sector of housing and human settlements was affected the most. The total effects (damages and losses) are valued at NPR 350,379 million, with the total damages amounting to NPR 303,631 million and the total losses estimated at NPR 46,748 million.
Pattern in Population Change
- As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.
Areas of Origin
- The population is primarily comprised of refugees originating from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.
- At the onset of the emergency in South Sudan (mid-December 2013), refugees arrived at various Ethiopian border entry points (mainly Pagak, Burbiey and Akobo). They were relocated to established camps, such as Tierkidi Camp.
Areas of Origin
- The Tierkidi camp population is primarily comprised of refugees from South Sudan’s Upper Nile and Jonglei States.
Tropical storm Ondoy (international name Ketsana) hit the Philippines on September 26, 2009, causing widespread flooding Tropical storm Ondoy was quickly followed by typhoon Pepeng (international name Parma). It initially brought powerful winds with gusts of up to 230 km/hr then an extended period of heavy rains, with cumulative rainfall amounts exceeding 1,000 mm in some areas. The resulting river floods have been estimated to have a return period of around 50 years, meaning that statistically speaking, such a rainfall event occurs on average once in every 50 years.