• Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region experience a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanoes. El Niño and La Niña phenomena occur periodically, exacerbating the impacts of hydrometeorological events in the LAC region. Unplanned urban expansion, environmental and natural resource degradation, and land-use management challenges also increase populations’ vulnerability and exposure to natural hazards.
A natural disaster is 30 times more likely to occur in the Pacific Islands than in the U.S. The pressing issues include the region’s vulnerability to disasters and the impacts of climate change. Even small disasters can overwhelm small-island economies like the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Many communities in FSM are being displaced due to rising sea levels. The Pacific is also dealing poverty issues, urbanization and population growth.
Timor-Leste is located in the southern-most part of Southeast Asia on the eastern half of the island of the Timor Sea between Indonesia and Australia. Timor-Leste has a population of approximately 1.1 million people. In May 2002, Timor-Leste gained independence from Indonesia. Prior to independence, United Nations (UN) peace-keeping forces were installed in Timor-Leste in late 1999 (following the referendum for independence) to stop the ensuing violence, and establish a national government.
The Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR) was established in May 2000 and provides direct grant assistance to the poorest and most vulnerable groups in developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) while fostering long-term socioeconomic development. The grants target poverty reduction initiatives with the direct participation of nongovernment organizations, community groups, and civil society.
OCHA adds 500 free humanitarian symbols to communications tools and services
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian affairs (OCHA) has created a set of 500 freely available humanitarian icons to help relief workers present emergency and crisis-related information quickly and simply.
From Soil Carbon to Decommissioning Nuclear Reactors, UNEP Year Book Highlights Key Emerging Issues
Dramatic improvements in the way the world manages its precious soils will be key to food, water and climate security in the 21st century.
12th Special Session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum
Nairobi, 13 February 2012 ? Dramatic improvements in the way the world manages its precious soils will be key to food, water and climate security in the 21st century.
- Our year (GRI 1.1)
Yet again, over the past year there have been complex humanitarian emergencies occurring on an unimaginable scale. Oxfam’s emergency response to the January earthquake in Haiti was still underway when huge flooding hit Pakistan in August 2010 affecting an overwhelming 20 million people.
Against the backdrop of the global economic crisis, the food crisis and climate-related humanitarian crises, the past year has seen Oxfam working hard with partners and allies to address the impact of global shocks on poor people around the world. Increasingly, we are trying to increase the resilience of people living in poverty and put them at the center of our efforts.
The central commitment of our Strategic Plan 2007-2012, ‘Demanding Justice’, which will guide our joint work during the plan period, is:
“We are outraged by the persistent poverty and injustice in the world, which must and can be overcome. Unjust policies and practices, nationally and internationally, must be challenged and people’s rights must be respected. If we join forces and act together now we can achieve a just world without poverty.