• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Southern Africa continues to recover from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, which by January 2017 had affected about 41 million people across the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)1. The substantial government- and SADC-led response, supported by $900 million from the international humanitarian community2, empowered farmers to take advantage of a good 2016/2017 rainfall season, delivering an April 2017 cereal harvest 3 per cent above the 5-year average.
22 February 2017, Rome - Mankind's future ability to feed itself is in jeopardy due to intensifying pressures on natural resources, mounting inequality, and the fallout from a changing climate, warns a new FAO report out today.
Concerted action needed to stop diseases and pests from ravaging the food chain
FAO toolbox shows how prevention, early warning, preparedness can save lives and livelihoods
1 February 2017, Rome - Food availability and food hygiene are compromised every day by diseases and pests that plague plants and animals as well as various types of contaminants. This happens on farms, in factories, at home, in fresh or sea water, in the open air and in the midst of dense forests.
Une boîte à outils de la FAO montre comment la prévention, les alertes rapides et la préparation peuvent sauver des vies ainsi que les moyens d’existence
Abnormal rainfall patterns during 2014/2015 have contributed to a spike in food insecurity, which is currently affecting at least 27.4 m people regionally (and this excludes Angola, which has yet to publish official figures; and Madagascar, which did not present to SADC, but where 1.9 m people are food insecure, of which 460,000 people are severely so). In Malawi and Zimbabwe, 2.8 m and 1.5 m people are food insecure respectively.
Snapshot 16–23 April
Central African Republic: Renewed clashes between anti-balaka and Seleka fighters occurred in several locations in central, northern, and southwestern provinces. MISCA soldiers are being redeployed to cover areas previously secured by the Chadian contingent. A Christian religious leader was killed and four were abducted in two northern towns, while 30 Christian civilians were reportedly killed in a central town.
Syria: Violence is intensifying in Damascus, with increased attacks from both the Government and the opposition. In Aleppo, fighting between Syrian troops and opposition fighters is causing further casualties. In the east, infighting between rival opposition factions has led to a reinforcement of Iraqi troops’ positions on the Iraqi side of the border. To date, over nine million people are in need of assistance, and more than 2.6 million have fled the country. In early April, humanitarian assistance was allowed in besieged areas in Aleppo for the first time since June.
(Pretoria, 08 November 2013): A groundbreaking study into the threats likely to confront southern African communities over the next decade has been released. Titled Humanitarian Trends in Southern Africa: Challenges and Opportunities, the study identifies regional and global factors that may impact the lives and livelihoods of southern Africans and, as importantly, the available capacities to address these challenges.
The regional armyworm outbreak has been largely contained.
A plan has been drawn up to address the locust outbreak in Madagascar, but it requires funding.
Early warning systems save lives in Mozambique and Madagascar.
- RESUME EXECUTIF
La bande sahélienne d’Afrique de l’ouest dont fait partie le Niger se trouve confrontée à des crises alimentaires de plus en plus fréquentes et de magnitude croissante. A cela s’ajoutent les suites des conflits armés en Libye et en Côte d’Ivoire en 2011, qui ont forcé au retour plus de 260 000 migrants. En l’absence de nouvelles opportunités économiques, la couverture des besoins vitaux de ces migrants et de leurs familles reste un défi.
1. RÉSUMÉ EXÉCUTIF
Les effets des crises alimentaire et nutritionnelle se ressentent encore par une grande partie de la population en Mauritanie. L’assistance conjointe du Gouvernement et des partenaires d’aide dans le cadre du plan EMEL a permis de répondre aux besoins urgents des communautés les plus affectées. Cependant, ces communautés restent encore fragilisées par les chocs cumulés des crises précédentes.
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