ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
2018 SESSION, 36TH MEETING (PM)
At a time when the global humanitarian response system was struggling to meet an unprecedented demand in aid for millions of people displaced by natural disasters and conflict, new approaches and stronger partnerships were key to overcome urgent challenges, the Economic and Social Council heard today at the opening of its humanitarian affairs segment.
This Thailand Disaster Management Reference Handbook offers readers an operational understanding of the nation’s disaster management capability and vulnerability, with detailed information on demographics, hazards, government structure, regional and international assistance, infrastructure, laws and guidelines, risks and vulnerabilities, and other areas vital to a comprehensive disaster management knowledge base.
Welcome - Note from the Director
• Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region experience a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanoes. El Niño and La Niña phenomena occur periodically, exacerbating the impacts of hydrometeorological events in the LAC region. Unplanned urban expansion, environmental and natural resource degradation, and land-use management challenges also increase populations’ vulnerability and exposure to natural hazards.
The rainy season is expected to have a serious impact on life-saving services and ongoing humanitarian aid in Cox’s Bazar. The pre-monsoon and monsoon will cause access constraints to sites in both Ukhia and Teknaf, as mud roads become impassable, footpaths slippery and earthen stairs and slopes become dangerous and potentially collapse. Shelters and facilities will be damaged and flooded. The overall impact is likely to be an increase in needs for the 671,000 refugees and a more challenging response environment.
Subsecretaria General de la ONU y Directora del PNUD para América Latina y el Caribe
El mundo marca dos días internacionales claves este mes: uno para la Erradicación de la Pobreza el 17 de octubre y otro para la Reducción de Desastres, cuatro días antes. No es coincidencia que estén profundamente conectados.
Pakistan potentially faces a major climate change challenge. A concerted effort by the government and civil society at all levels is required to mitigate these threats.
Sequía. Enfermedades. Terremotos. Huracanes. Más de 10,6 millones de personas en América Latina y el Caribe fueron afectadas por estos desastres en 2016.
Cada emergencia presentó sus propios desafíos, se tratara de los medios de vida afectados, la seguridad de las familias forzadas a huir de la violencia, el creciente riesgo de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores o la magnitud de grandes desastres como el terremoto en Ecuador (abril 2016) y el Huracán Matthew en el Caribe (octubre de 2016).
Drought. Disease. Earthquakes. Hurricanes. More than 10.6 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean were affected by these disasters in 2016.
Each emergency presented its own set of challenges, whether it was addressing affected livelihoods, the safety of families forced to flee from violence, the growing risk of vector-borne diseases or the sheer scale of major disasters such as the earthquake in Ecuador (April 2016) and Hurricane Matthew in the Caribbean (October 2016).
Honiara, the capital city of the Solomon Islands, faces a myriad of resilience challenges. Not only is the city already exposed to multiple natural hazards, a changing climate will amplify many of the adverse impacts into the future. At the same time, rapid urbanization - most obviously expressed through the growth of informal settlements in urban and peri-urban areas - is heightening community exposure and sensitivity to a range of climate and non-climate shocks and stresses.
Aid organisation CARE International today issued a new report highlighting the top ten most underreported humanitarian crises of 2016.
The report, Suffering in Silence, features food crises in Eritrea, Madagascar, North Korea and Papua New Guinea; conflicts in Burundi, Lake Chad Basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan and last year’s monsoon floods in Bangladesh.
As we at Lutheran World Relief anticipate the tremendous humanitarian challenges we might face in the coming year, a quote from Desmond Tutu comes to mind: “Hope is being able to see that there is light despite all the darkness.”
A natural disaster is 30 times more likely to occur in the Pacific Islands than in the U.S. The pressing issues include the region’s vulnerability to disasters and the impacts of climate change. Even small disasters can overwhelm small-island economies like the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Many communities in FSM are being displaced due to rising sea levels. The Pacific is also dealing poverty issues, urbanization and population growth.
This report is produced by Office of the Resident Coordinator Viet Nam. It covers the period from 17 September 2016 till 25 October 2016. This is the final situation report for this drought and salt water intrusion emergency.
By October, more than 54.4% or US$ 26.4 million of the emergency requirement has been funded, primarily for WASH support.
With relief operations still on-going but gradually decreasing, recovery efforts are being intensified.