Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 and the subsequent World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, significant efforts have been made in pursuit of sustainable development. At the political level sustainable development has grown from being a movement mostly focusing on environmental concerns to a widely recognized framework utilized by individuals, governments, corporations and civil society that attempts to balance economic, social, environmental and generational concerns in decision-making and actions at all levels.
The central messages of the Global Monitoring
Report 2008 are clear: urgent action is needed to help the world meet the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015; and urgent action is also
needed to combat climate change that threatens the well-being of all countries,
but particularly of poor countries and poor people. The goals of development
and environmental sustainability are closely related, and the paths to
those goals have many synergies.