In signing up to the Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have comitted to halving extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. By then, nearly =A3100 billion will have already beem spent this century fighting emergencies. Despite this investment, in two yeras since CARE demanded an overhaul of responses to food emergencies, another 100 million people have been pushed into hunger, no longer able to afford food.
Furthermore, the pain of hunger is being felt across the globe - from Afghanistan to Bolivia - as high food prices strip the world's poorest of enough to eat.
Direction du développement et de la coopération
La DDC est l'agence suisse chargée de la coopération internationale. Elle est rattachée au Dépar-tement fédéral des affaires étrangères (DFAE). La DDC réalise ses propres programmes, soutient ceux d'organisations multilatérales et participe au financement d'activités menées par des œuvres d'entraide suisses et internationales. Ses principaux domaines d'intervention sont les suivants:
- la coopération bilatérale et multilatérale au développement,
Despite a dozen years of solemn pledges by global leaders to take action to drastically decrease world hunger - promises made at the World Food Summit in 1996, the Millennium Summit of 2000 and high-level follow-up meetings held during the course of the present decade - food security in the world has deteriorated since 1995. This has contributed to the unacceptably slow pace of cutting the prevalence of malnutrition: between 1990 and 2005, the prevalence of child underweight in the developing world only fell from 30 to 23 percent.
The central messages of the Global Monitoring
Report 2008 are clear: urgent action is needed to help the world meet the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015; and urgent action is also
needed to combat climate change that threatens the well-being of all countries,
but particularly of poor countries and poor people. The goals of development
and environmental sustainability are closely related, and the paths to
those goals have many synergies.
Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 and the subsequent World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, significant efforts have been made in pursuit of sustainable development. At the political level sustainable development has grown from being a movement mostly focusing on environmental concerns to a widely recognized framework utilized by individuals, governments, corporations and civil society that attempts to balance economic, social, environmental and generational concerns in decision-making and actions at all levels.
The world is changing rapidly in ways that often affect poor countries most. For example, in coming decades climate change, population movements and higher oil and food prices could challenge the livelihoods and resilience of millions of people in developing countries.
The UK government believes that research is essential for understanding and tackling challenges like these. Through the Department for International Development (DFID) it will invest up to =A31 billion on development research in the next five years.