Key messages of the review
The UK Government will intensify its efforts to end extreme poverty and promote development. This is the right thing to do. It is in our national interest. And it is a crucial part of our expanded role on the world stage as we leave the EU.
The world is changing. Our approach to development needs to change with it. We will drive reform of the entire global development system to further improve its effectiveness.
In announcing a report published today, Sir Malcolm Bruce MP, Chair of the Committee, said that Nepal has huge economic potential, but progress is held back by poor governance and corruption.
Research and Evidence Division (RED) is responsible for making DFID more systematic in the use of evidence and thereby having greater development impact by:
Despite reasonable growth rates, the Asia Pacific region is home to 743 milliion people living on less than $1.25 per day, and 1.6 billion on less than $2 per day (40% of the population) (UNESCAP 2013). The core countries of the Asia Regional Programme are among those with the worst poverty rates in Asia (e.g. 76%, 60% 53% on less than $2 per day in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal respectively). The development challenges are complex and multidimensional – with significant economic, political, social and environmental drivers.
Bangladesh has unquestioned potential. Goldman Sachs listed it in their ‘Next 11’ economies, with high potential to become one of the world’s largest economies in the 21st century. However, the country has been sliding down the World Bank/IFC Ease of Doing Business rankings (currently 173rd out of 189 countries) in recent years. Foreign investment is relatively low, but exports exceeded $25.6bn in 2011, 48% up on 2009, largely from the garment, jute, leather, frozen fish and seafood sectors.
Achievement of the MDGs
Nepal is the second poorest country in Asia (GNI/Capita, 2010). Only Afghanistan is poorer. 40% of under-fives are stunted and a quarter are underweight and one in 22 children do not survive to their first birthday.
However, poverty levels have fallen significantly in recent years: from 41.2% of the population living on less than $1.25/day in 1995 to 24.8 % by 2010. This is largely due to remittance flows and so is vulnerable to the global economic situation. Almost half of Nepali families rely on incomes from abroad.
Sub Saharan Africa has 12% of the world’s population but is home to just under a third of the world’s poor. Its economy has a combined Gross National Income only 9% larger than the Netherlands. Africa needs economic growth to reduce poverty, but its economic and political geography presents some significant challenges that will not be overcome through working at country level alone.
Ethiopia matters to the UK for a range of development, foreign policy and security reasons. It is populous, poor, vulnerable but comparatively stable in the Horn of Africa. From a low base, Ethiopia’s growth and expansion of basic services in recent years have been among the most impressive in Africa. The UK Government has an opportunity to make our support more transformational and accelerate Ethiopia’s graduation from aid dependency.
Organisation: Department for International Development
Minister: Lynne Featherstone MP
DFID funds research to improve women's access to clean energy and quality of life.
The Department for International Development has won the “Best Initiative by a Government Body” at the Climate Week Awards, for efforts to enable 100 million households to adopt clean and efficient cooking solutions by 2020.
The UK Government is determined to help end extreme poverty around the world. We believe that international development is not just the right thing to do, but the smart thing to do. Britain has never stood on the sidelines, and it is in all our interests for countries around the world to be stable and secure, to have educated and healthy populations and to have growing economies. DFID aims to end aid dependency through jobs – building the economies of developing countries so that they can stand on their own feet.
By 2020 Rwanda aims to complete its transformation from a poor, post-conflict nation to a thriving, middle income, regional trade and investment hub. But Rwanda’s progress will stall without transformative changes that: create wealth and investment and invigorate the private sector, improve basic services, increase the accountability of the state to its people, and address potential causes of conflict and fragility, especially regional instability.
DFID Nepal’s Operational Plan 2011-2015
Annual report: New results show UK aid is changing lives
New figures tracking the success of UK aid around the globe show how British support is transforming the lives of the world's poorest people.
The latest numbers are set out in the Department for International Development's Annual Report 2011-12, published by the British Government ministry today.
The progress report reveals the Government is on track to deliver the results it set out over a year ago, in a major review of how British aid is targeted.
The UK Government is determined to help reduce the inequalities of opportunity we see around the world today. We believe that promoting global prosperity is both a moral duty and in the UK‟s national interest. Aid is only ever a means to an end, never an end in itself. It is wealth creation and sustainable growth that will help people to lift themselves out of poverty.