$130 MILLION TO SUPPORT NEPAL’S EARTHQUAKE RELIEF AND RECOVERY
USAID’s commitment to Nepal has stood the test of time. In the aftermath of the devastating April 25 earthquake, our commitment remains stronger than ever. On June 25, 2015, the United States government announced $130 million to support Nepal’s earthquake relief and recovery needs. This contribution builds upon USAID’s investments on disaster preparedness, and is only the beginning of our contribution to Nepal’s earthquake recovery, which will span multiple years.
1. Housing and Human Settlements
The sector of housing and human settlements was affected the most. The total effects (damages and losses) are valued at NPR 350,379 million, with the total damages amounting to NPR 303,631 million and the total losses estimated at NPR 46,748 million.
Background Nepal is the 11th most earthquake-prone country in the world. Ever since the first recorded earthquake of 1255 AD that killed one-third of the population of the Kathmandu Valley and its King, Abhaya Malla, Nepal has experienced a major earthquake every few generations. The last great earthquake (of magnitude 8.4) in 1934 AD resulted in more than 10,000 deaths in the Kathmandu Valley. Most of the infrastructure and major heritage sites had to be rebuilt. There have since been earthquakes causing severe human and physical loss in 1980, 1988 and 2011.
In announcing a report published today, Sir Malcolm Bruce MP, Chair of the Committee, said that Nepal has huge economic potential, but progress is held back by poor governance and corruption.
From adapting to climate change in the Himalayas to improving maternal health care for women in Vietnam, exploring how to defuse violence in Pakistani cities, or building new skills for better jobs in Bangladesh, the 2015 edition of Asia Research News provides a snapshot of IDRC-funded research in Asia.
Nepal is the second poorest country in Asia (GNI/Capita, 2010). Only Afghanistan is poorer. 40% of under-fives are stunted and a quarter are underweight and one in 22 children do not survive to their first birthday.
However, poverty levels have fallen significantly in recent years: from 41.2% of the population living on less than $1.25/day in 1995 to 24.8 % by 2010. This is largely due to remittance flows and so is vulnerable to the global economic situation. Almost half of Nepali families rely on incomes from abroad.
Today, USAID Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah completed a two-day visit to Kathmandu, during which he announced approximately $100 million in support of the people of Nepal subject to the availability of funding. Dr. Shah met with Prime Minister Sushil Koirala and other key political leaders and spoke at the closing session of the Nepal Economic Summit, where he stressed the private sector’s role in accelerating Nepal’s economic growth. Dr.
DFID Nepal’s Operational Plan 2011-2015
There must be continued support to vulnerable communities to prepare for and reduce the impacts of natural disasters in order to reinforce their resilience capacities.
The health emergency response capacities in the capital city, Kathmandu, must be strengthened to cope with the risk of a major earthquake.
Food assistance to the refugees from Bhutan living in Nepal should be continued