Dans nos pays occidentaux, quand on évoque les changements climatiques, on s'interroge sur l'avenir. Mais les effets des changements climatiques ne sont pas que pour demain. Ils se font déjà sentir dans de nombreuses régions de la planète où ils conduisent à une augmentation des problèmes de malnutrition et de faim, particulièrement dans les zones où les populations sont déjà extrêmement vulnérables.
Climate change is the biggest
global health threat to children in the 21st century. Without concerted
action, millions of children will be at increased risk from disease, undernutrition, water scarcity, disasters, and the collapse of public services and infrastructure. No one will be immune to the effects of climate change, but one of the largest groups to be affected will be children under the age of five.
The attached report is a summary of 12 emerging influences on humanitarian policy, drawn from a consultation of G20 member states (and Kenya), and their 'humanitarian' policies, as articulated by their relevant ministries. The consultation was conducted from end-August to end-October 2009.
The UNICEF Office for Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean commissioned this paper to report on (1) the burdens borne by children in the face of threats posed by environmental degradation, climate change and natural disasters, (2) the arrangements in place for mitigating these threats and (3) the relevance of programming on the environment on behalf of children in Small Island Development States (SIDS) in the Eastern Caribbean.
RAPPORT DE LA COMMISSION AU CONSEIL,
AU PARLEMENT EUROPÉEN, AU COMITÉ ÉCONOMIQUE ET SOCIAL EUROPÉEN ET AU COMITÉ
Realising that its policies in areas other
than development had some unintended impacts on third countries and building
on the OECD work in this area, the Union elaborated a concept of Policy
Coherence for Development aimed at strengthening synergies between EU polices
other than aid and development objectives. Careful design and implementation
of EU policies were to lead to increased effectiveness of development aid
and non aid policies altogether, and to an efficient use of resources,
by limiting policy incoherence and developing synergies.
UNOPS Annual Report 2008 contains overview of UNOPS's activities and a success story for each sectors providing concrete examples of UNOPS in action around the globe.
Rapid increases in food prices in 2007 and the first half of 2008 attracted high-level policy attention. During the course of 2008, the United Nations organized an inter-agency High-Level Taskforce on the Global Food Security Crisis and issued a Comprehensive Framework for Action. Over 40 heads of state and government attended a High-Level Conference on World Food Security, sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and focused mainly on how to address the price increases.
The effects of climate change can already be seen. They impact the lives of millions of people and will increasingly do so. Climate change already is increasing the frequency and intensity of natural hazards - particularly floods, storms, and droughts - and changing the morbidity patterns of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever, which increase the vulnerability of populations and are major killers in emergency settings. These trends are predicted to accelerate and have major implications for humanitarians.
More than one billion people are currently
going hungry - more than the populations of the USA,
Canada and the European Union combined.1 This year, the 2009 G8 Summit provides a last
chance for world leaders to take bold action before increasing hunger spirals out of control.
What G8 and G5 leaders agree in L'Aquila could literally make the difference between life and
death for millions in the developing world who can no longer buy or grow enough food to eat.
The UK and the Millennium Development
1.1 In September 2008 governments, activists, businesses, and individuals came together at the United Nations in New York in a Call to Action to address global poverty. Over twenty years after images of suffering from Ethiopia sparked a public outcry and drove governments to action, this meeting was a testament to how far the world has come. In the years since that famine, the challenge of reducing poverty and the needs of the world's poorest people have been brought centre stage as never before.
Development and external assistance are
now central policies of the EU. They are major components of its international
influence and effective instruments of its soft power. Their main purpose
is to fight poverty and promote economic development and democracy. The
present decade has seen the rise of the EU as a leading actor in the development
field. The figures are impressive: the amounts committed have increased
by 90% since 2001. In 2008, the EU and its Member States were again the
biggest international donor, providing almost 60% of global aid.
Weather and climate affect the key determinants
of human health: air, food and water. They also influence the frequency
of heatwaves, floods and storms as well as the transmission of infectious
diseases. In addition, policies to mitigate climate change (for example
in the energy, transport or urban planning sectors) have a direct and important
influence on health, for example through effects on local air pollution,
physical activity, or road traffic injuries.
As the Obama administration takes over, the 13th issue of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report details the non-traditional security threats-and opportunities-it faces. "Environmental security is making a comeback," says ECSP Director Geoff Dabelko, "notably in the United States, where signs indicate that the next administration will tackle environment, population, health, and development challenges that impact security." In a special feature entitled "New Directions in Demographic Security," seven demographic experts analyze the links …
This year's Survey, entitled "Addressing Triple threats to Development" analyses how the financial, food/fuel and climate change challenges have affected Asia and the Pacific and considers ways of addressing them. Central to this report is the idea that the convergence of the crises presents an opportunity for the region to reorient economic growth towards a long term development path that is more inclusive and sustainable. Governments as the peoples' partner will play a key role in forming and framing the region's future development path.
Comenzamos un nuevo ciclo para la Cooperación
Española con el orgullo de poder afirmar que, entre todos y todas -organizaciones,
fuerzas políticas, administraciones, personas? hemos conseguido que la
política de Cooperación para el Desarrollo sea una Política de Estado.
In order to understand the factors underpinning the food crisis and to assess trends, UNEP commissioned a Rapid Response team of internal and international experts. The experts argue that, unless more sustainable and intelligent management of production and consumption are undertaken food prices could indeed become more volatile and expensive in a world of six billion rising to over nine billion by 2050 as a result of escalating environmental degradation.