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18 Nov 2015 description

OVERVIEW

Egypt, a developing country with a population of 88 million,a has achieved measurable success in improving population health over the past few decades (World Bank, 2015).

18 Nov 2015 description

OVERVIEW

Ghana, with a population of 26 million, has abundant natural resources that have played an important role in the agricultural, industrial, economic and social development of the country. However, Ghana faces a number of risks due to climate change, including frequency and intensity of extreme weather events increasing the risk of flood, landslides, drought and heat stress. This could subsequently intensify existing challenges of poverty, food insecurity and infectious and vector-borne diseases.

SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS

18 Nov 2015 description

Overview

Malaysia, with a population of 29 million,a has had steady recent economic growth and succeeded in nearly eradicating poverty [World Bank, Country Overview, 2015]. In international climate discussions (COP21, Copenhagen), Malaysia announced a conditional voluntary target of up to 40% reduction in carbon intensity of GDP by 2020 compared to 2005 levels. Malaysia has also had a strong focus on the development of sustainable energy policies (see section 5).

18 Nov 2015 description

Overview

Morocco’s climate is very diverse, with a warm, Mediterranean climate in the northern coastal region, continental inland areas and semi-arid areas in the south. Morocco has ambitious renewable energy targets and is making political and strategic efforts to conserve biodiversity and to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

18 Nov 2015 description

OVERVIEW

The Sultanate of Oman is located in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, with a population of 4 million and an economy predominantly dependent on oil. The country is one of the most water scarce in the world and climate change is likely to worsen drought and desertification, threaten water security and disrupt agricultural production. Rising temperatures increase the risk of heat-related morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, the incidence and severity of natural disasters, such as the cyclones experienced in recent years, are expected to rise.

18 Nov 2015 description

OVERVIEW

Peru is a country with varying climate – from the subtropical coastal region, to the cool climate of the Andes and eastern lowlands of the equatorial Amazon. Peru has had one of the region’s fastest growing economies, which has resulted in a significant reduction in poverty rates [World Bank, 2015]. Recent advancements, though, could be threatened by the impacts of climate change, including reduced water availability, risk of coastal and inland river flooding, heat stress and changing patterns of climate sensitive diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.

17 Nov 2015 description

WHO calls on countries to protect health from climate change

Climate change is the defining issue for the 21st century.

According to WHO estimates, climate change is already causing tens of thousands of deaths every year - from shifting patterns of disease, from extreme weather events, such as heat-waves and floods, and from the degradation of air quality, food and water supplies, and sanitation.