The UK and the Millennium Development
1.1 In September 2008 governments, activists, businesses, and individuals came together at the United Nations in New York in a Call to Action to address global poverty. Over twenty years after images of suffering from Ethiopia sparked a public outcry and drove governments to action, this meeting was a testament to how far the world has come. In the years since that famine, the challenge of reducing poverty and the needs of the world's poorest people have been brought centre stage as never before.
Development and external assistance are
now central policies of the EU. They are major components of its international
influence and effective instruments of its soft power. Their main purpose
is to fight poverty and promote economic development and democracy. The
present decade has seen the rise of the EU as a leading actor in the development
field. The figures are impressive: the amounts committed have increased
by 90% since 2001. In 2008, the EU and its Member States were again the
biggest international donor, providing almost 60% of global aid.
Weather and climate affect the key determinants
of human health: air, food and water. They also influence the frequency
of heatwaves, floods and storms as well as the transmission of infectious
diseases. In addition, policies to mitigate climate change (for example
in the energy, transport or urban planning sectors) have a direct and important
influence on health, for example through effects on local air pollution,
physical activity, or road traffic injuries.
As the Obama administration takes over, the 13th issue of the Environmental Change and Security Program Report details the non-traditional security threats-and opportunities-it faces. "Environmental security is making a comeback," says ECSP Director Geoff Dabelko, "notably in the United States, where signs indicate that the next administration will tackle environment, population, health, and development challenges that impact security." In a special feature entitled "New Directions in Demographic Security," seven demographic experts analyze the links …
This year's Survey, entitled "Addressing Triple threats to Development" analyses how the financial, food/fuel and climate change challenges have affected Asia and the Pacific and considers ways of addressing them. Central to this report is the idea that the convergence of the crises presents an opportunity for the region to reorient economic growth towards a long term development path that is more inclusive and sustainable. Governments as the peoples' partner will play a key role in forming and framing the region's future development path.
Comenzamos un nuevo ciclo para la Cooperación
Española con el orgullo de poder afirmar que, entre todos y todas -organizaciones,
fuerzas políticas, administraciones, personas? hemos conseguido que la
política de Cooperación para el Desarrollo sea una Política de Estado.
In order to understand the factors underpinning the food crisis and to assess trends, UNEP commissioned a Rapid Response team of internal and international experts. The experts argue that, unless more sustainable and intelligent management of production and consumption are undertaken food prices could indeed become more volatile and expensive in a world of six billion rising to over nine billion by 2050 as a result of escalating environmental degradation.
In signing up to the Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have comitted to halving extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. By then, nearly =A3100 billion will have already beem spent this century fighting emergencies. Despite this investment, in two yeras since CARE demanded an overhaul of responses to food emergencies, another 100 million people have been pushed into hunger, no longer able to afford food.
Furthermore, the pain of hunger is being felt across the globe - from Afghanistan to Bolivia - as high food prices strip the world's poorest of enough to eat.
Direction du développement et de la coopération
La DDC est l'agence suisse chargée de la coopération internationale. Elle est rattachée au Dépar-tement fédéral des affaires étrangères (DFAE). La DDC réalise ses propres programmes, soutient ceux d'organisations multilatérales et participe au financement d'activités menées par des œuvres d'entraide suisses et internationales. Ses principaux domaines d'intervention sont les suivants:
- la coopération bilatérale et multilatérale au développement,
People in developing countries like Uganda, whose contribution to global warming has been miniscule, are feeling the impacts of climate change first and worst.
Despite a dozen years of solemn pledges by global leaders to take action to drastically decrease world hunger - promises made at the World Food Summit in 1996, the Millennium Summit of 2000 and high-level follow-up meetings held during the course of the present decade - food security in the world has deteriorated since 1995. This has contributed to the unacceptably slow pace of cutting the prevalence of malnutrition: between 1990 and 2005, the prevalence of child underweight in the developing world only fell from 30 to 23 percent.
Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 and the subsequent World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002, significant efforts have been made in pursuit of sustainable development. At the political level sustainable development has grown from being a movement mostly focusing on environmental concerns to a widely recognized framework utilized by individuals, governments, corporations and civil society that attempts to balance economic, social, environmental and generational concerns in decision-making and actions at all levels.
The world is changing rapidly in ways that often affect poor countries most. For example, in coming decades climate change, population movements and higher oil and food prices could challenge the livelihoods and resilience of millions of people in developing countries.
The UK government believes that research is essential for understanding and tackling challenges like these. Through the Department for International Development (DFID) it will invest up to =A31 billion on development research in the next five years.
The central messages of the Global Monitoring
Report 2008 are clear: urgent action is needed to help the world meet the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015; and urgent action is also
needed to combat climate change that threatens the well-being of all countries,
but particularly of poor countries and poor people. The goals of development
and environmental sustainability are closely related, and the paths to
those goals have many synergies.
This Partnership Agreement is the result of an extensive Government led formulation process that used the Medium Term Development Strategy as its cornerstone and constitutes a single and unified United Nations Country Programme (UNCP) for 2008-2012 for UNFPA, UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, UNHCR, UNAIDS, OCHA, OHCHR, IFAD, UNIFEM, ILO, UNESCO, FAO, and UN HABITAT.
At the core of this year's overview of
risks to the global community over the next decade is a fundamental disconnect
between risk and mitigation. Expert opinion suggests that levels of risk
are rising in almost all of the 23 risks on which the Global Risk Network
has been focused over the last year - but mechanisms in place to manage
and mitigate risk at the level of businesses, governments and global governance
are inadequate. The global economy has been expanding faster than at any
time in history - but it remains vulnerable.
P erhaps the most endangered natural resource in times of war is truth. This became very evident during the Kosovo Conflict. When the Rambouillet accord failed and NATO air strikes started on 24 March 1999, alarming reports began to appear about the environmental damage caused by the bombing. Images of Panc˘evo and Novi Sad oil refineries on fire, toxic chemicals leaking into the River Danube, and bomb craters in protected areas were competing with those of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing their homes in Kosovo.