1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Southern Africa continues to recover from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, which by January 2017 had affected about 41 million people across the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)1. The substantial government- and SADC-led response, supported by $900 million from the international humanitarian community2, empowered farmers to take advantage of a good 2016/2017 rainfall season, delivering an April 2017 cereal harvest 3 per cent above the 5-year average.
The year 20 16 has still been one of slow recovery from the five-year political crisis (2009-20 14). The country's holding ofthe COMESA's Heads of State Summit in October 20 17, and the International Summit of Ia Francophonie in November 20 16 have been unanimously saluted as successes that have put Madagascar back on the map.
Concerted action needed to stop diseases and pests from ravaging the food chain
FAO toolbox shows how prevention, early warning, preparedness can save lives and livelihoods
1 February 2017, Rome - Food availability and food hygiene are compromised every day by diseases and pests that plague plants and animals as well as various types of contaminants. This happens on farms, in factories, at home, in fresh or sea water, in the open air and in the midst of dense forests.
Une boîte à outils de la FAO montre comment la prévention, les alertes rapides et la préparation peuvent sauver des vies ainsi que les moyens d’existence
Aid organisation CARE International today issued a new report highlighting the top ten most underreported humanitarian crises of 2016.
The report, Suffering in Silence, features food crises in Eritrea, Madagascar, North Korea and Papua New Guinea; conflicts in Burundi, Lake Chad Basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan and last year’s monsoon floods in Bangladesh.
El Niño conditions persisting during the 2015/16 planting season have caused the worst drought in 35 years in Southern Africa, resulting in a second consecutive failed harvest. This has created severe food shortages and compounded existing vulnerabilities. Since July 2016, Namibia and Botswana have declared national drought emergencies, in addition to the declarations made earlier by Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. Madagascar issued a letter of solidarity with the SADC Appeal, and Mozambique has maintained a red alert in affected areas.
- While generous donor support has assisted humanitarian responders to reach millions of drought-affected people, significant funding shortages continue to impede the response. Only half of the funds for emergency food and agriculture assistance has been raised, while many other sectoral responses remain largely unfunded, including education (12 per cent funded); protection (18 per cent); water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) (18 per cent); and early recovery (26 per cent).
The 2015-16 El Niño event has resulted in the worst drought in much of southern Africa in 35 years. is has had a catastrophic e ect on the food security of millions of people across the region. Beyond a food security crisis, the region has wider humanitarian needs that result from water scarcity, including impacts on access to water and sanitation, education, health services and livelihoods.
Le Grand Sud de Madagascar est habité de 1,8 millions d’habitants, c’est une zone aride qui ne reçoit qu’une moyenne annuelle de 500 mm de pluies. Le taux de pauvreté y atteint jusqu’à 90%, c’est le plus élevé du pays ; le taux de malnutrition chronique chez les enfants moins de 5 ans se situe entre 32% à 40%, et le taux moyen d’insécurité alimentaire chronique est également parmi les plus élevés du pays. En février 2016, une situation d’urgence humanitaire s’est de nouveau installée dans le Grand Sud du pays.
La campaña en Instagram #ClimateChain (#CadenaClimática) destacará el agua y el medio ambiente
NUEVA YORK, 21 de marzo de 2016 – En la víspera del Día Mundial del Agua, UNICEF dijo que el esfuerzo para llevar agua potable a millones de personas en todo el mundo va a ser aún más problemático debido al cambio climático, que amenaza el abastecimiento de agua y la seguridad del agua para millones de niños que viven en zonas propensas a sequías o inundaciones.
#ClimateChain Instagram campaign will highlight water and the environment
New York, 21 March 2016 – On the eve of World Water Day, UNICEF said the push to bring safe water to millions around the world is going to be even more challenging due to climate change, which threatens both water supply and water safety for millions of children living in drought- or flood-prone areas.
Abnormal rainfall patterns during 2014/2015 have contributed to a spike in food insecurity, which is currently affecting at least 27.4 m people regionally (and this excludes Angola, which has yet to publish official figures; and Madagascar, which did not present to SADC, but where 1.9 m people are food insecure, of which 460,000 people are severely so). In Malawi and Zimbabwe, 2.8 m and 1.5 m people are food insecure respectively.
The IASC Alert, Early Warning and Readiness report is produced bi-annually as an inter-agency effort by the Task Team on Preparedness and Resilience (TTPR) for IASC member agencies. The report highlights serious risks that were either identified as being of particular strategic operational concern or as having a high probability and impact on humanitarian needs. In addition to collaboratively assembling the report, the report includes an analysis of the state of readiness, prepared by OCHA, which is compared against each risk.
Water is essential to human development and prosperity, but many people still live without reliable access to it. As the number of people in the world increases, water scarcity is forecast to worsen. The Safeguarding the World’s Water report documents USAID’s water sector activities that address key global challenges during fiscal year 2014. The report also shares progress made during the first year of implementing its Water and Development Strategy.
Sixty-ninth General Assembly
9th, 10th & 11th Meetings (AM, PM & Night)
“If we did what we must, it could be remembered in history as the session that helped us turn the corner in ensuring effective custodianship of the environment, economic justice and social responsibility,” the General Assembly was told today as its annual debate continued.
9e & 10e séances plénières
Matin & après-midi
Au deuxième jour du débat général de la soixante-neuvième session de l’Assemblée générale, plusieurs chefs d’État et de gouvernement ont, aujourd’hui, insisté sur la nécessité de concentrer les efforts de la communauté internationale sur l’élimination de la pauvreté et la réduction des inégalités, deux fléaux qui alimentent l’extrémisme et le terrorisme.
Snapshot 16–23 April
Central African Republic: Renewed clashes between anti-balaka and Seleka fighters occurred in several locations in central, northern, and southwestern provinces. MISCA soldiers are being redeployed to cover areas previously secured by the Chadian contingent. A Christian religious leader was killed and four were abducted in two northern towns, while 30 Christian civilians were reportedly killed in a central town.
Syria: Violence is intensifying in Damascus, with increased attacks from both the Government and the opposition. In Aleppo, fighting between Syrian troops and opposition fighters is causing further casualties. In the east, infighting between rival opposition factions has led to a reinforcement of Iraqi troops’ positions on the Iraqi side of the border. To date, over nine million people are in need of assistance, and more than 2.6 million have fled the country. In early April, humanitarian assistance was allowed in besieged areas in Aleppo for the first time since June.