OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION
Amidst political tensions, an estimated 10.3 million people across DPRK continue to suffer from food insecurity and undernutrition, as well as a lack of access to basic services. Recurrent natural hazards – particularly extended droughts punctuated by near-annual floods – exacerbate and create new humanitarian needs. As a result, people have crucial and unmet food, nutrition, health, water, sanitation and hygiene needs.
Chronic food insecurity
• Plus de 700 000 burundais ont été soutenus par le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire en 2017
• Plus de 8 200 congolais ont trouvé refuge au Burundi en janvier 2018
Pop. dans le besoin 3,6 millions - H: 0,85M F: 0,88M E: 1,87M
Population ciblée 2,4 millions - H: 0,53M F: 0,55M E: 1,28M
PDI 175,936 - H: 79k F: 97k
Réfugiés congolais 64 301 - H: n/a F: n/a
Réfugiés burundais 395 594 - H: 202k F: 194k
Pers. en insécurité alimentaire 2,6 millions - IPC 3 1,9 M IPC 4 0,7 M
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLES
UN Headquarters, New York, 18 January 2018
Distinguished delegates, it is a pleasure to be here to open this meeting. I am honored to have the Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of Haiti to the United Nations, his Excellency Ambassador Regis, and Dr. Mamadou Diallo, our Deputy Special Representative and Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator joining us here this afternoon.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Southern Africa continues to recover from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, which by January 2017 had affected about 41 million people across the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)1. The substantial government- and SADC-led response, supported by $900 million from the international humanitarian community2, empowered farmers to take advantage of a good 2016/2017 rainfall season, delivering an April 2017 cereal harvest 3 per cent above the 5-year average.
Three Years of Humanitarian Action
In 2015/16 Lesotho has been severely affected by a El Niño-induced drought, leaving more than 60% of the rural population at risk of food insecurity. Following the announcement of the government appeal in January 2016, Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and partners have managed to mobilise more than USD 40 million for the relief response. The priorities among the remaining gaps are the early recovery and resilience dimensions of the response. While the peak of El Niño weather phenomenon has subsided, its significant effects on population are set to continue until July 2017.
Sequía. Enfermedades. Terremotos. Huracanes. Más de 10,6 millones de personas en América Latina y el Caribe fueron afectadas por estos desastres en 2016.
Cada emergencia presentó sus propios desafíos, se tratara de los medios de vida afectados, la seguridad de las familias forzadas a huir de la violencia, el creciente riesgo de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores o la magnitud de grandes desastres como el terremoto en Ecuador (abril 2016) y el Huracán Matthew en el Caribe (octubre de 2016).
Drought. Disease. Earthquakes. Hurricanes. More than 10.6 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean were affected by these disasters in 2016.
Each emergency presented its own set of challenges, whether it was addressing affected livelihoods, the safety of families forced to flee from violence, the growing risk of vector-borne diseases or the sheer scale of major disasters such as the earthquake in Ecuador (April 2016) and Hurricane Matthew in the Caribbean (October 2016).
El Niño conditions persisting during the 2015/16 planting season have caused the worst drought in 35 years in Southern Africa, resulting in a second consecutive failed harvest. This has created severe food shortages and compounded existing vulnerabilities. Since July 2016, Namibia and Botswana have declared national drought emergencies, in addition to the declarations made earlier by Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. Madagascar issued a letter of solidarity with the SADC Appeal, and Mozambique has maintained a red alert in affected areas.
Este informe es producido por OCHA en colaboración con socios humanitarios y con insumos de instituciones oficiales. Cubre el período del 4 al 5 de octubre de 2016 a las 1700 horas. El siguiente informe será emitido el 6 de octubre de 2016.
● Hoy se están llevando a cabo evaluaciones iniciales en Haití sobre las áreas afectadas en el suroeste, noroeste y departamentos centrales.
This report is produced by OCHA Haiti in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It was issued by OCHA Haiti. It covers the period from 03 to 05 Oct 2016. The next report will be issued on 06 Oct.
According to the information gathered by OCHA/UNDAC during an aerial observation mission, hurricane Matthew has severely affected the south part of Haiti, especially the departments of Grand Anse and South, where the wind produced severe damages. The team did not observe major landslides or floods at this time.
This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners and with inputs from official institutions. It covers the period from 4 to 5 October 2016 at 17:00 hours. The next report will be published on 6 October 2016.
• Initial assessments are taking place today in Haiti over the affected areas in south-west, north-west and central departments.
• Cuba’s preparedness measures included the evacuation of over 1 million people. Homes, livelihoods and infrastructure have already been damaged.
- While generous donor support has assisted humanitarian responders to reach millions of drought-affected people, significant funding shortages continue to impede the response. Only half of the funds for emergency food and agriculture assistance has been raised, while many other sectoral responses remain largely unfunded, including education (12 per cent funded); protection (18 per cent); water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) (18 per cent); and early recovery (26 per cent).
The 2015-16 El Niño event has resulted in the worst drought in much of southern Africa in 35 years. is has had a catastrophic e ect on the food security of millions of people across the region. Beyond a food security crisis, the region has wider humanitarian needs that result from water scarcity, including impacts on access to water and sanitation, education, health services and livelihoods.
At least 11 countries across Asia-Pacific experienced severe weather conditions due to El Niño.
In February, Tropical Cyclone Winston, the strongest cyclone recorded in the South Pacific, devastated Fiji.
In DPR Korea, 18million people are in need of some form of humanitarian assistance – 2016 response plan severely underfunded.
Tropical Storm Roanu triggers worst flooding in Sri Lanka in 25 years; preparedness actions mitigated loss of life in Bangladesh.
Resumen de la Situación Plan de Respuesta por sequía 2016:
El impacto del fenómeno El Niño en Guatemala, se ve agravada por los efectos acumulativos de la sequía prolongada en 2014 y el hongo de la roya de café en el año 2013, siendo el corredor seco el área más afectada.