Warmer temperatures and increased rainfall can pose threats to our livelihoods and health by impacting the quality of water we drink, the food we consume, and the weather we experience.
But there are also vector-borne diseases (carried by mosquitoes and other insects), and water-borne bacteria and viruses, that become prevalent during periods of high and low rainfall, which pose great health risks to local populations. For example, increased risks of contracting dengue fever, chikungunya, malaria, and other diseases.
An archipelago of over 990 small islands, covering around 27,000 square kilometres, the Solomon Islands boasts rich cultural diversity and an array of terrain, species and natural resources.
In many ways, it is an island paradise. Yet, like other small island developing states around the world, the nation faces a range of specific development challenges, now complicated by the emerging adverse impacts of climate change: rising sea levels, more variable and unpredictable rainfall, and more intense extreme weather events.
Staying several steps ahead of possible health impacts from weather and climate was the focus of the third Pacific Islands Climate Outlook Forum in Apia, Samoa at the end of September.
Honiara, the capital city of the Solomon Islands, faces a myriad of resilience challenges. Not only is the city already exposed to multiple natural hazards, a changing climate will amplify many of the adverse impacts into the future. At the same time, rapid urbanization - most obviously expressed through the growth of informal settlements in urban and peri-urban areas - is heightening community exposure and sensitivity to a range of climate and non-climate shocks and stresses.
After more than three hours of weaving courageously across the unforgiving waves of the open sea, three banana boats land on the beautiful shores of Fenualoa Island, where 531 people of the Tuwo Community call home. Stepping onto the beach, we are greeted with flower, songs, and coconut bread – an incredibly warm island community welcome.
The World Health Organisation says hospitals in the Pacific region are struggling to cope with the effects of climate change and coastal erosion.
The PACC Technical Report series is a collection of the technical knowledge generated by the various PACC activities at both national and regional level. The reports are aimed at climate change adaptation practitioners in the Pacific region and beyond, with the intention of sharing experiences and lessons learned from the diverse components of the PACC programme. The technical knowledge is also feeding into and informing policy processes within the region.