In all areas of academic or practical work related to disaster risk, climate change and development more generally, community and its adjunct community-based have become the default terminology when referring to the local level or working ‘with the people’. The terms are applied extensively to highlight what is believed to be a people-centred, participatory, or grassroot-level approach. Today, despite, or because of, its inherent ambiguity, ‘community’ tends to be used almost inflationarily.
This IDS Bulletin Archive Collection reviews four decades of analysis and research on peace, security, and development, drawing on articles published in previous issues of the Bulletin throughout this timeframe. IDS first began to investigate the relationship between disarmament and development in the 1970s. Then, research focused initially on disarmament and its actual and potential contributions to development. Disarmament, along with reductions in military spending, it was argued, would release resources for development.
What are the impacts of different approaches to supporting agriculture in protracted crises and rebuilding agriculture after conflict and disasters (caused by natural hazards)?
The semi-arid district of Kachchh in Gujarat, India is known for its erratic rainfall, water scarcity, and droughts. Climate change has intensified extreme temperature and rainfall patterns and also led to changes to the long coastline.
Edited by: Siri Eriksen, Lars Otto Naess, Ruth Haug, Aditi Bhonagiri and Lutgart Lenaerts
Volume 48 Issue 4
Humanitarian crises appear dramatic, overwhelming and sudden, with aid required immediately to save lives. Whereas climate change is about changing hazard patterns and crises are in reality rarely unexpected, with academic researchers and humanitarian and development organisations warning about possible risks for months before they take place.
Wanjiku Kelbert, A.
How are rapid recent food price changes linked to climate and environmental change? How do people who are vulnerable to these changes view these links? This note explores the views of people living on low and precarious incomes on these connections, based on research designed to explore experiences of food price volatility in 2012, through qualitative research in 23 research sites in 10 countries.
Quan, J., Otto Naess, L., Newsham, A., Sitoe, A. and Corral Fernandez, M.
IDS Working Paper 448
See details of this publication (871kb)
This paper looks at the political economy of carbon forestry and REDD+ in Mozambique in view of goals for climate compatible development, i.e. simultaneously addressing emission reduction, adaptation and development.
Abstract: Weather shocks and natural disasters, it has been argued, represent a major threat to national and international security. Our paper contributes to the emerging micro-level strand of the literature on the link between local variations in weather shocks and conflict by focusing on a pixel-level analysis for North and South Sudan at different geographical and time scales between 1997 and 2009. Temperature anomalies are found to strongly affect the risk of conflict.
22 April 2013
In a recent Sussex Development Debate hosted by the IDS Climate Change team, panel members sought to address the question of whether current efforts to integrate climate change and development are misdirected or counter-productive?
Valuable research produced by Southern nations could help farmers adapt to climate change, but a conundrum is how to make useful findings accessible to rural communities. A project conducted by the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) in partnership with the Arid Lands Information Network (ALIN), and supported by CDKN, sought to bridge this gap. Between 2008-2011 years, the team produced the regular briefing, Joto Afrika (Swahili for ‘Africa is feeling the heat’), a series of briefings and online resources reporting on climate change in sub-Saharan Africa.
Can resilience bring something new to poverty alleviation?
A new analysis by researchers at from the Institute of Development Studies tries to shed light on the advantages as well as the dangers of adopting resilience in vulnerability reduction programmes.
In the last two decades, the concept of resilience has made its way into academia where is now becoming a central paradigm in many disciplines, possibly replacing sustainability as the ultimate objective of development.
Using panel data from the Ethiopian Productive Safety Net Program, this paper explores the degree to which this social protection programme has been successful in protecting its beneficiaries against the various shocks that have affected the Horn of Africa in the recent past. The analysis suggests that although the PSNP has managed to improve households’ food security and wellbeing, the positive effects of the programme are not robust enough to shield recipients completely against the impacts of severe shocks.
Transforming innovation for sustainable development and poverty reduction
A radical new approach to science and innovation is urgently needed to steer us within planetary boundaries and secure human wellbeing, fostering diverse types of innovation and empowering the grassroots creativity of poorer people, say researchers from the Institute of Development Studies-based ESRC STEPS Centre.
Urbanisation in the developing world, mostly driven through the spread of informal settlements, is occurring at a rapid pace, and this growth has direct implications upon strategies that seek to address adaptation to climate change. This brief explores the work of the Homeless People’s Federation Philippines, Incorporated (HPFPI) in their campaign to provide post-disaster assistance and reduce disaster risk in relation to their wider goal of improving the living conditions of the urban poor in the Philippines.
19 April 2012
A new IDS In Focus Policy Briefing, launched today, sets out the right conditions for a child-centred approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation.
Children, Climate Change and Disasters, uses case studies from two disaster-prone countries, the Philippines and El Salvador, to examine the different roles that children can play in DRR and adaptation. The briefing identifies key factors that will support a child-centred approach across different scales; from households and communities, to national and international levels.
As Japan marks the first anniversary of the devastating earthquake and tsunami which left almost 20,000 people dead and approximately 45,000 homeless, we are reminded yet again of how shocks such as climate change and disasters impact on the vulnerability of poor people and the urgent need to strengthen their ability to cope.
Can understanding the interlinked nature of the shocks and stresses that poor people face today help reduce their vulnerability? And how could those working to address these issues work better together?
Integration may not be easy, but it makes sense
This report maps pathways for making climate change responses more gender aware and – potentially transformative, arguing that gender transformation should be both a potential end goal and an important condition of effective climate change responses and poverty reduction. The report provides inspiring examples of locally relevant, gender-aware innovations from diverse global regions and contexts.
Changing climate, changing disasters: pathways to integration (and accompanying policy brief) is an essential step-by-step guide for more joined-up thinking and action in disaster risk management, especially for sudden and slow-onset disasters exacerbated by climate change. It supports disaster risk practitioners to:
connect with colleagues in development and climate change adaptation by creating a shared ‘language’ of resilience
assess existing (or develop new) organisations, policies or programmes and build partner networks to fill capacity gaps
A global initiative that aims to find new forms of collaboration between philanthropists and international development experts with the aim of improving human wellbeing launches today.
The Bellagio Initiative: The Future of Philanthropy and Development in the Pursuit of Human Wellbeing is launched as millions of ordinary people and many philanthropic organisations around the world donate funds to alleviate the suffering of those affected by the urgent food crisis in the Horn of Africa.