This document sets out a 3 year plan for urgent and immediate actions in the Republic of Kiribati to begin work in adapting to climate change. These actions forming the project profiles are developed through the NAPA process.
2008 Was the ‘in-between-year’ when it comes to climate change. In between 2007 and 2009, where 2007 marked a major breakthrough in global awareness that climate change is indeed one of the main threats to humanity and 2009 in which the global community will have to underline commitments in a new global climate change agreement to be signed in Copenhagen.
The word "disaster" is derived from the Greek pejorative prefix "dis-" (bad) and "aster" (star). According to the Oxford Dictionary, the word's root in astrology literally denotes an "ill-starred" event. For many centuries people believed that a catastrophic event resulted under a "bad star" - a dis-aster. But while natural disasters have occurred throughout history, today we know that they occur not as a result of a bad alignment of the stars, but when hazards and vulnerabilities combine.
Using existing international databases that track disaster occurrence and humanitarian costs, this research attempts to improve understanding of how climate change may affect international humanitarian spending. Employing four distinct methodological approaches, a range of potential impact scenarios is developed.
This report focuses on three major river basins in South Asia: the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, the Indus and the Helmand. It is divided into five chapters. The first chapter introduces the study, answering two major questions: Why vulnerability assessment is important? How are we going to assess vulnerability? The second chapter summarizes the specific methodology used in the assessment including calculating the Vulnerability Index (VI). The third chapter describes the important geographic and socioeconomic conditions of South Asia.
The report provides practical guidance to development practitioners on systematically analyzing the direct and indirect effects of development policy reforms on climate change, as well as how climate change affects the choice of instruments used to promote sustainable development.
With rapidly increasing urban populations, cities in Africa are faced with enormous challenges and will have to find ways to facilitate by 2015 urban services, livelihoods and housing for more than twice as many urban dwellers than it has today.
A worrying trend with the African urbanization process is that it is a process rooted in poverty rather than an industrialization-induced socio-economic transition as in other major world urban regions.
Solomon Islands is not only a Small Island Developing State (SIDS) but also a Least Developing Country (LDC). The country covers a total land area of 28, 785 square kilometres with an estimated population of 508,000 in year, 2007. It does not only have a small population but also is vulnerable to climate change impacts and susceptible to natural disaster occurrences. This NAPA is an attempt by the Solomon Islands Government to assemble the specific needs and special situations of the country.
Climate change is the defining human development issue of our generation. The 2007 Human Development report acknowledges that climate change threatens to erode human freedoms and limit choice and the report further underscores that gender inequality intersects with climate risks and vulnerabilities. Poor women’s limited access to resources, restricted rights, limited mobility and muted voice in shaping decisions make them highly vulnerable to climate change.
There is increasing evidence that serious
and relatively rapid alterations to ecosystems induced by climatic and
anthropogenic factors will have direct and indirect impacts on societies
which, when other coping mechanisms are overcome, will have no other option
but to migrate as a permanent or temporary coping strategy.
The RSC Forced Migration Policy Briefings highlight the very best and latest policy-relevant research findings from the fields of forced migration and humanitarian studies.
Agriculture in the developing world is
particularly vulnerable to climate change. The Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says that in some countries in Africa, yields
from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50 per cent by 2020,
and in Central and South Asia, crop yields could fall by up to 30 per cent
by 2050 as a result of climate change. India alone could lose 18 per cent
of its rain-fed cereal production.
Forced Migration Review provides a forum
for the regular exchange of practical experience, information and ideas
between researchers, refugees and internally displaced people, and those
who work with them. It is published in English, Arabic, Spanish and French
by the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford. FMR was launched in
1998 in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council.
- Foreword, by Achim Steiner.
- The need for collaboration, by John Holmes.
- Human security policy challenges, by Andrew Morton, Philippe Boncour and Frank Laczko.
Forced Migration Online (FMO)
Author: Camillo Boano
Climate change and disaster risk reduction are closely linked. More extreme weather events in future are likely to increase the number and scale of disasters, while at the same time, the existing methods and tools of disaster risk reduction provide powerful capacities for adaptation to climate change.
This paper is one of a series produced for the project that provides in-depth information on the four thematic building blocks of the Bali Action Plan-mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance-as well as on land-use, land-use change and forestry. The project materials also include executive summaries for policymakers, background briefing documents and workshop presentations. These materials will be used for national awarenessraising workshops in the participating countries.
In signing up to the Millennium Development Goals, world leaders have comitted to halving extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. By then, nearly =A3100 billion will have already beem spent this century fighting emergencies. Despite this investment, in two yeras since CARE demanded an overhaul of responses to food emergencies, another 100 million people have been pushed into hunger, no longer able to afford food.
Furthermore, the pain of hunger is being felt across the globe - from Afghanistan to Bolivia - as high food prices strip the world's poorest of enough to eat.